An honor to be here – especially as an outsider and nom specialist in what you are doing I hope I can be of use by encouraging you to think broadly and expansively about what you are doing
Gordon Cook - Presentation at Emerging Communications Conference & Awards (eComm 2011)
A Collaborative Global OS: New Strategy from Research & Education Networks A presentation at eComm, San Francisco - June 27, 2011 Gordon Cook, Editor & Publisher The COOK Report on Internet Protocol, Technology, Economics, Policy http://cookreport.com PSTN (609) 882-2572 Viop (609) 643-4067 Skype: gordoncookreport
The Internet “ ain ’ t ” what it used to be. <ul><li>THEN The Internet of 1995 was an information utility with value delivered by users. </li></ul><ul><li>NOW The Internet is an advertising network largely run in a search of eyeballs while delivering endless entertainment. </li></ul><ul><li>NOW Silos are enforced at great cost to the public. </li></ul><ul><li>NOW Open innovation is more difficult. </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE We need networks that deliver economic value through open access. </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE There is a alternative -- a new network of opportunity! </li></ul>
“ the pickle we ’ re in… ” <ul><li>“ Commercializing NSFnet was a great idea, privatizing it was not. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ It is easier to hold a centrally funded not-for-profit to its social obligations than to subvert the investor focus of a for-profit corporation. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The good news is an expanded role for NRENs [National Research & Education Networks] is becoming more common. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Steve Wolf, CTO, Internet2 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NSF Seminar in October 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
R & E networks are the new opportunity. activity <ul><li>They fly beneath the radar. </li></ul><ul><li>They deliver economic value to society in ways commercial operators do not. </li></ul><ul><li>They build open tools for global collaboration. </li></ul><ul><li>They create a global cooperative operating system. </li></ul><ul><li>The result is a network that is orders of magnitude more powerful than any network we ’ re using today. </li></ul>
What do these R & E networks look like? <ul><li>They form a global interconnected web of 10+ gig light waves. </li></ul><ul><li>National R & E Networks (NRENs) exist in about 75 nations. </li></ul><ul><li>NRENs allow for innovation AND standardization. </li></ul><ul><li>GLIF is a forum which enables interoperability. </li></ul>
What do these R & E networks look like? <ul><li>LIGHT PATHS are at the core of R & E networks. </li></ul><ul><li>Can handle huge amounts of data. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are circuit-switched extremely efficiently . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have the potential to be set up and torn down from user workstations . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There will be a demo of this provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>in Rio in September 2011. </li></ul>
There are many elements to consider in building the necessary architecture. for scientific applications.
Meeting the challenge of interoperability A project at Frei University of Amsterdam is making sure all devices and resources can run shared applications and communicate with the grid in real time .
What can users actually DO? <ul><li>GLOBAL RESEARCH IN DATA INTENSIVE SCIENCE </li></ul><ul><li>R & E networks make “ collaboration interfaces ” for users and offer bandwidth, storage, and computational processing to globally dispersed virtual organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS IN EDUCATION, HEALTH CARE, AND PUBLIC SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>Bandwidth and cost considerations make it possible to create testbeds for innovative apps. </li></ul>
First, we must answer these questions. <ul><li>How do you find public-private models that let you tap 100 gigabit national backbones to provide more affordable resources for edge-based innovators and businesses who have local understanding and priorities? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the general public access the rich resources at the center? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you make these new network tools and collaboration interfaces sufficiently scalable? </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
Portland: Northwest Access Exchange (NWAX_ <ul><li>Low-free interconnection </li></ul><ul><li>Intel Supercomputing + OHSU Genomic Data Center and OHSU Aging in Place </li></ul><ul><li>Permission given for interconnection with other large health-related nets in California and Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Oregon is an open network. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I'm allowed to connect a bunch of commercial ISPs to I2 directly, and this will include routes for their commercial customers in addition to the Health Network participants. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Don Westlight </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman, NWAX </li></ul>
Durango: PACKETrail <ul><li>Uses IRUs on fiber of local electric utility over lines from Grand Junction to Durango for about 150 miles </li></ul><ul><li>Uses skill of its seasoned CEO to build out via collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Uses mostly available resources to Denver giga-pop and Albuquerque and via Grand Junction to Salt Lake city to the global Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Delivers 1GE to Cortez/Montezuma School District in Southwest Colorado </li></ul>
Cleveland: Case Connection Zone <ul><li>Built out over last several years to connect every apartment on a city block with one gig fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Home health care and high definition counseling with medical specialists </li></ul><ul><li>Public safety apps </li></ul><ul><li>STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) apps for high school students </li></ul><ul><li>Sensor nets and use of wireless </li></ul>
US UCAN <ul><li>Internet 2 plus about 20,000 miles new fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Goal - connect 200,000 schools, libraries, hospitals, and public safety institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries blurring between R&E and “ commercial ” </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of local projects will need help. Find them at http://www2.ntia.doc.gov/infrastructure </li></ul>
Takeaways <ul><li>it ’ s an operating system because it is an environment where the network operators in cooperation with each other make their own rules for the use of devices, machines, peripherals, data, applications without the restraint a centralized profit center </li></ul><ul><li>it ’ s a collaboration systems </li></ul>Treasure to be found - you just have to know where to look URLs --- 4th Paradigm ( computing is transforming the practice of science) http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/26/science/26planetarium.html?scp=1&sq=markoff%20digging%20deeper&st=cse and http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/collaboration/fourthparadigm/ Sustainable Economy http://p2pfoun dation.net/ FIND the NTIA Grants: http://www2.ntia.doc.gov/infr astructure Summary of my book Fast Thinking : http://p2pfoundation.net/Report_on_Global_ Education_and_Research_Ne tworks First part of Summary and Table of contents of the book http://blog.p2pfoundation.net/book-of-the-week-gordon-cooks- report-on-the-core-global-research-networks-in-their-relation-to-the-edge /2011/05/23 Building a National Knowledge Infrastructure - http://www.cookreport.com/knowledge.pdf CONTACT : Gordon Cook, 431 Gr eenway Ave, Ewing, NJ 08618 [email_address] and http:www.cookreport.com Skype in (609) 643 4067 PSTN (609) 882-2572
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