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Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing
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Estrategia_Estatal_Innovación Web cloud computing

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Documento en forma de transparencias, que hace una introducción a los conceptos más importantes del Cloud Computing y su posible aplicación futura. Sencillo pero muy interesante.

Documento en forma de transparencias, que hace una introducción a los conceptos más importantes del Cloud Computing y su posible aplicación futura. Sencillo pero muy interesante.

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  • 1. How Web and Cloud Computing WillDrive Your IT Strategies David Mitchell SmithNotes accompany this presentation. Please select Notes Page view.These materials can be reproduced only with written approval from Gartner.Such approvals must be requested via e-mail: vendor.relations@gartner.com.Gartner is a registered trademark of Gartner, Inc. or its affiliates.
  • 2. Welcome! Thank you for joining us on today’s Gartner webinar. 10,800 60,000 Client Clients Enterprises 100,000 5,500 IT End-User Benchmarks Inquiries 65% of 2.7 Million Fortune 1000 IT End-User 80% of Searches Global 500 730 Analysts 55 Serving Clients Conferences in 80 Countries 10,000 3,800 Media CIOs Inquiries© 2009 Gartner, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.Gartner is a registered trademark of Gartner, Inc. or its affiliates.<docname>_<date>_<author> 1
  • 3. How Web and Cloud Computing WillDrive Your IT Strategies David Mitchell SmithNotes accompany this presentation. Please select Notes Page view.These materials can be reproduced only with written approval from Gartner.Such approvals must be requested via e-mail: vendor.relations@gartner.com.Gartner is a registered trademark of Gartner, Inc. or its affiliates.
  • 4. Key Issues1. How has Web computing evolved and how will it impact future application strategies?2. How will cloud computing evolve to become a key sourcing strategy for the enterprise?3. How will the combination of Web and cloud computing become the primary IT strategy for many enterprises?
  • 5. The Web Is Still Not Dead The Web is dead.
  • 6. While the Internet Is Middle-Aged, theWeb Is Still a Young Pup• 2009 saw two special birthdays: Internet, 40 years old, Web, 20 years old• The Internet — network of networks providing ubiquitous two-way communication with billions of users around the globe• The Web — UI that makes the Internet usable by the majority• The Web as architecture - WOA• Enterprise Web - The Web is the primary UI for enterprise apps and content - Customer-centric Web strategies retain and grow customers - Portals increase user satisfaction via personalization - Web AD tools are pervasive - Majority of new apps are being built with Web front ends - Cloud computing is a natural outgrowth• Consumer Web — just look at the impact on travel, media, retail, libraries, …
  • 7. Web 1.0 Web 2.0 What’s Next? Original Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Modern Web• HTTP, HTML, • Web 1.0 + XML, • Web 2.0 + HTML5 URI Ajax, … • Mobile, cloud, real• Consumed only • Consumed by time, … by humans humans &• Many readers, machines, Many few authors readers, many authors • Communicative, collaborative, community- friendly
  • 8. The Future Web• Is Contextual • Runs in Parallel with• Is Mobile Native Apps• Relies on HTML5 • See the Return of Browser Wars• Runs on the UXP • Is Consumer-Drive• Is Social • Is Rife with Commerce• Runs in the Cloud • Is in the Middle of the Net• Is Real-time Neutrality Controversy• Is an Architecture Mobile The Internet of Things Programmable The Cloud Global and Geo- The Social Web located
  • 9. The Future Web is ContextualContext-enriched services will use information about the end userto anticipate an end users immediate needs and proactively offermore-sophisticated, situation-aware and usable functions. Enterprises can better target consumers and deliver on the promise ofincreased customer intimacy Compound context-enriched services will emerge between 2010 and 2015
  • 10. The Future Web Is Mobile & Ubiquitous•~5 Billion Mobile Phone Subscriptions• Penetration > 100% in Some Markets• SMS – 6.3 Billion Messages/Day 6.7 billion connections,• Mobile Data Traffic Rising 2015(140,000Tb/month > total voice traffic) >$1 trillion direct voice +• 10% of Google Searches data service revenue per• 150 Million Facebook Mobile Users 2014 annum, multiple $ billions in indirect revenue, e.g., The service advertising and social era 2013 Data revenue exceeds 2012 voice revenue in advanced markets 2011 The application 2010 5.1 billion connections era .....The device era 2007
  • 11. The Future Web Is Mobile % of apps not developed for native platform Milestones 4G connectivity50% Web appstores HTML5 Other powerful working platforms and subset stable browsers (eg Android) iPhone, Safari browser 2009 2012 2015 HTML5 capabilities: canvas, offline web apps and storage, video Driven aggressively by Google and Apple
  • 12. The Future Web Leans Heavily on HTML5 Vendor Support Local Storage Rich Media Even More Capabilities: Mobile Ascends: -Geolocation -Threading (Workers) -Networking (Sockets) “Heavy RIA” In -New Markup Options Danger?
  • 13. The Future Web Sees the Return ofBrowser Wars Opera Mini 0.88% Opera Others 2.37% 0.71% Safari 5.16% Chrome 7.52% Firefox 22.93% Microsoft Internet Explorer 60.40%Source: netmarketshare.com
  • 14. The Future Web Will Be About Browsersand Operating Systems• An example of a “Web OS”• Chrome browser +• Platform or OS?• Compare it to? - Windows No: MacOS, No - Network Computer? Yes• Why two Linux desktop Oses from Google? - One is a platform (Android), One is not (ChromeOS) - Native Apps matter more and for longer in Mobile space• “Netbook Computing” .
  • 15. The Future Web is Social • Ham Sandwich: Tells you what someone you barely know had for lunch (on Twitter) • Leadership of the Free World: Helped determine the last U.S. presidential election • Open Channels for the Whole World: U.S. State Dept. asked Twitter to delay upgrade to allow "tweets" about Iran election to flow
  • 16. The Future Web is Real-Time twitter gets there first
  • 17. The Future Web is an Architecture• "Web as platform" is really Web as The Key to a architecture (WOA) Successful Spanning Layer: - Coupling is exposed as changeable The Hourglass Model uniform data (IFaPs), not hidden as fixed custom code Users• IFaPs are the narrow waist Generic - Identifiers aka Addresses, Foreign Extensible Keys Complementors - Formats aka Schemas, Envelopes, Containers Simple IFaPs - Protocols aka Processes, Message Enablers Exchange Patterns• Examples Federated - Web: URL, HTML, HTTP Providers - Global Containerized Shipping: Bar Codes, TEU Steel Box, Container Port Operations
  • 18. The Future Web is Consumer-Driven Search engines External Web-e-mail Aggregators (news…other content) Shopping and entertainment sites Wikis (as reader) Social network sites Forums… Net news groups Google applications Personal Web desktops Blogs (as a reader of external blogs) Blogs and Wikis (contribute) External IM tools Web storage Web prod. suites (not Google Apps) Social tagging sites User Reports Informal project centered tools IT projections of Users Mashups IT Pro Use 0 20 40 60 80 Percentage of Respondents
  • 19. Cloud Computing: Multiple Perspectives, Multiple Origins Focus on "the Cloud" Focus on "Computing" Web 2.0 and Data Center Mashups Pressures Subsidized Cloud Applications Virtualization Services and Googleplex Web Web API/Arch. Grid Web Platforms Internet Information Real-TimeGlobal-Class and Browser UI InfrastructureConsumer Applications Connectivity Management Discipline 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 SaaS Utility Models From the Web From the Enterprise Definition: cloud computing is "a style of computing where scalable and elastic IT- enabled capabilities are provided as a service using Internet Technologies."
  • 20. Gartners Definition of Cloud Computing and the Critical Attributes of Cloud Services Gartner defines cloud computing as "a style of computing where scalable and elastic IT-related capabilities are provided as a serviceusing Internet technologies."5 Attributes That Support Outcomes Consumer concerns are abstracted from 1 Service Based provider concerns through service interfaces. Services scale on demand to add or remove 2 Scalable and Elastic resources as needed. Services share a pool of resources to build 3 Shared economies of scale. Services are tracked with usage metrics to 4 Metered by Use enable multiple payment models. Services are delivered through use of 5 Internet Technologies Internet identifiers, formats and protocols.
  • 21. The Hype Cycle for Cloud Computing, 2010
  • 22. Slicing the Cloud - Vertical “PaaS” SaaS Business Services Mgmt. and Security V-Cloud Information Services Application Services App. Infrastructure ServicesIaaS Cloud System Infrastructure Services Enablers
  • 23. Slicing the Cloud: The Public to Private CloudServices Spectrum Private Public Hybrid Company/Entity No owned Assets Owned Assets and Distinctions are made at the extremes but and Scope is open to Scope is Bounded by many examples exist somewhere between. anyone who can pay Exclusive for service as Membership defined delivered by provider by company/Entity The real issue is: How to deliver cloud services in my private scope to gain as many cloud computing benefits as I can while maintaining a degree of control, not whether or not I have a private cloud.
  • 24. What are the Benefits and Challenges ofPublic Cloud Computing? Significant Potential Benefit But Tough Problems Remain• Speed, Flexibility, Agility • Data/Process Location & Isolation - User self service - Security, privacy & ownership - Rapid deployment & change • Regulatory, Compliance & Policies - Address highly and/or - Limits, e-discovery, investigations unpredictable resource demands • Portability between Providers• Financial Benefits - Lack of standards, vendor lock-in - Cost savings (perceived & real) - Move from capital to operating • Provider Trust Management expense - Transparency to provider operations - Pay for use & "free" software - Immature vendors and certifications• Simplicity and Convenience • Uncertain Failure Remediation - Procurement (transaction, - SLA guarantees, redundancy contract, service levels) • Integration and Process Integrity - Encourages use of standardized across the cloud resources/applications - Technical & Support issues - Access (browser, menus, simple APIs) and global reach • Bandwidth & Latency• Capabilities - Accessing or integrating "clouds" - New solutions not feasible before • Licensing Issues - Superior security and reliability for • Uncertain Financial Models smaller companies
  • 25. Enterprise Use Cases 2009-2012:Leading Edge to Early Mainstream Unpredictable and/or• Prototyping/Proof of Concept A volatile workloads Rapid provisioning• Development/Test & Projects B User self service Avoid asset/people cost• Web Application Serving C Leverage economies of scale and grid execution• SaaS, E-Mail, Collaboration D Manageable data risk Simple connection to• Departmental & Workgroup Apps internal applications E Service licensing in place• Simple Parallelized Workloads F+ Targeted Private Cloud Computing Infrastructure
  • 26. Massive Consolidation and CompetitionAcross Major Existing Markets Cloud Polycom Me ven ga- ms dor C om s The Enterprise Co rs nsu e me rri r Ca
  • 27. The Big Picture Web + Cloud•Consuming Cloud Service Provider Services Service - Service Providers Cloud Provider - Ecosystems Sys. & App. Ecosystem Infrastructure - Brokers Service Application Provider•Providing Web & & Information Broker Cloud Services Mgt. & Service Service - Enabling Technologies Security Provider Provider - The Enterprise as Service Broker Provider•Internet + Web + Cloud - Coordinate Web design and application Private development Cloud Service Provider - Web Sites become mashable cloud Services Consumer Consumer•Social Computing Enabling Technologies Integration HW/SW/Net Vendor
  • 28. What’s After Web 2.0The Big Wheel Just Keeps on TurningThe 2004 TheOpen 2002 Closed Web 2.0Web 2006 Web• Open source • “First mover”• Collaborative • “Monetize eyeballs”• Decentralized • “Enterprise Web” • Property-centered• Lightweight Web 2.x• User-centered 2012 Web 1.0 1999 Web 0.5 1992 1997
  • 29. Recommendations The Web changes everything, again. Cloud computing amplifies existing change and introduces new disruptive changes. Denial is pointless. WOA should be adopted by enterprises when appropriate. Simple interfaces and REST/POX approaches should be used when possible. Leverage mashup-style composite applications developed by traditional developers and end users. Determine when you will be a consumer and when you will be a provider of cloud services. To optimize for cloud computing, design for stateless linear scalability, parallel processing and distributed data The consumer-centric public Web leads this shift. Encourage consumer technology experimentation in your enterprise. The social component is large, and management should lead cultural change by example.
  • 30. Recommended Reading• Key Issues for Cloud Computing, 2010• Key Issues for Web and Cloud Application Development, 2010• Key Issues for Software as a Service, 2010• Application Infrastructure for Cloud Computing: A Growing Market, 2010• CFO Advisory: Cloud Computing; Business Enablement• Know Your Rights in IT Maintenance and Cloud Computing
  • 31. Two simple steps for increasing the value oftoday’s webinar experience • Visit gartner.com/webinars • Today’s presentation will be available in 24 • See a Schedule of upcoming Gartner webinars (plus replays of previous webinars) and share these resources with your colleagues • Contact your Gartner account executive with any additional questions, comments or to order a complimentary copy of today’s presentation© 2009 Gartner, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.Gartner is a registered trademark of Gartner, Inc. or its affiliates.<docname>_<date>_<author>

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