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Nonfiction notes PPT

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  • 1. NONFICTION
    • Writing that deals with REAL people, places, and events.
    • Opposite of Fiction
  • 2. Contains FACTUAL information (However, writers can choose and organize based on their specific purposes.)
  • 3. FACT and OPINION
    • FACTS
    • Statements that can be proven true or false.
    • OPINIONS
    • Statements that cannot be proven true or false.
    • Based on an individual’s personal beliefs and feelings
  • 4. FACT OR OPINION?!
    • In order to become 8 th graders, 7 th graders at Lanier must pass the CRCT in Language Arts and Math.
    • Girls are usually nicer than boys.
    • The classroom doesn’t contain enough chairs to seat all the students.
    • The best food in the cafeteria is the quesadilla.
    • The award for best actress was given to Halle Berry.
  • 5. FORMS OF NONFICTION
    • Autobiography
    • Biography
    • Essay
    • Informational article
    • Interview
  • 6. Autobiography
    • Story of a person’s life, written by that person.
    • 1 st person point of view
    • Usually book length
    • Includes journals, diaries, letters, and memoirs
  • 7. In the beginning, because I felt, as only a young girl can feel it, all the pain of being an ugly duckling. I was not only timid, I was afraid. Afraid of almost everything, I think: of mice, of the dark, of imaginary dangers, of my own inadequacy. My chief objective as a girl was to do my duty. -- Eleanor Roosevelt
  • 8. What details in the paragraph help you understand what Eleanor Roosevelt felt and experienced? How is this an example of autobiography ?
    • She felt she was ugly
    • That made her timid
    • She was very dutiful
    • She wanted the approval of others
    • Uses the “I” subject pronoun!!
  • 9. Biography
    • Story of a person’s life told by someone else
    • In 3 rd person point of view (he/she/they)
    • The writer is called the biographer
    • Same elements as fiction (conflict, setting, etc.)
  • 10. Eleanor was born in a fine townhouse in Manhattan. Her family also owned an elegant mansion along the Hudson River, where they spent weekends and summers. As a child Eleanor went to fashionable parties. A servant took care of her and taught her to speak French. Her mother, the beautiful Anne Hall Roosevelt, wore magnificent jewels and fine clothing. Her father, Elliot Roosevelt, had his own hunting lodge and liked to sail and to play tennis and polo … The Roosevelt family, one of America’s oldest, wealthiest families, was respected and admired. -William Jay Jacobs, “Eleanor Roosevelt”
  • 11. What do the details in the paragraph tell you about Eleanor Roosevelt’s life and background? How is this an example of biography ?
    • Details of her home, family, and life
    • Written by a different person about her
  • 12. Essay
    • Short piece written on ONE subject
    • Usually found in newspapers & magazines ( and in Language Arts!)
    • Purposes
      • To share opinions
      • Entertain or persuade
      • To describe
  • 13. 3 Essay Types
    • EXPOSITORY
    • tightly structured
    • impersonal/formal style
    • presents or explains information
    • PERSONAL
    • looser structure
    • personal/informal style
    • expresses writer’s thoughts & feelings
    • PERSUASIVE
    • develops arguments
    • tries to convince readers to adopt a certain perspective
  • 14. EXPOSITORY , PERSUASIVE , or PERSONAL ? “ The story of the Titan predicted exactly what would happen to the Titanic fourteen years later. It was an eerie prophecy of terrible things to come.” Sometimes I think we would be better off if we forgot about the broad strokes and concentrated on the details. The only thing that can help them is genuine love. You must truly love us.
  • 15. Informational Article
    • Provides facts about a subject
    • Includes newspaper and magazine articles, and feature stories
    • Also includes textbooks, pamphlets, history books, gardening books, and how-to books
  • 16. Interview
    • Conversation in which one person asks questions of another for the purpose of obtaining information
        • Q: I know you never have trouble coming up with ideas. Walk me through your daily inspiration and writing process.
    • Ray Bradbury: I just wake up with ideas every morning from my subconscious percolating.
    What info is the interviewer trying to obtain?
  • 17. TIPS FOR READING NONFICTION
    • Preview the selection (what’s in bold? What are the pictures about? Etc.)
    • Clarify the organization (is it chronological, sequential, etc?)
    • Summarize the main idea
    • Separate facts from opinions
    • Evaluate what you read (come up with your own opinions!)