Elements of Literature
Protagonist <ul><li>Is the main character in a work of literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator </li></ul>
Antagonist <ul><li>The character in a work of literature who opposes the main character. </li></ul>
conflict <ul><li>A struggle between opposing forces; conflicts can be  external  or  internal . </li></ul>
External Conflict <ul><li>Man-vs-man </li></ul><ul><li>Man-vs-nature </li></ul><ul><li>Man-vs-animal </li></ul><ul><li>Str...
Internal Conflict <ul><li>Takes place in the character’s mind. </li></ul>
Point Of View <ul><li>The vantage point in which the story is told. </li></ul><ul><li>First Person- ‘I’ </li></ul><ul><li>...
Setting <ul><li>The time and the place of the story or novel. </li></ul><ul><li>A story can be set in a realistic or imagi...
Foreshadowing <ul><li>An author’s way of hinting to the reader of what is to come in the story. </li></ul>
Plot <ul><li>The series of events in sequential order. </li></ul><ul><li>What happens 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd , and so on. </li...
Five Main Parts of the Plot <ul><li>Not all stories fit this pattern.  </li></ul><ul><li>The exposition may appear in the ...
Exposition <ul><li>The opening of a short story or novel.  It provides background information that the reader needs to kno...
Rising Action <ul><li>The chain of events becomes more complex.  The actions and feelings of the characters intensify as t...
Climax <ul><li>The highest point of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Where most action takes place in the store </li></ul><ul><l...
Falling Action <ul><li>Following the climax, the intensity of the story may subside. </li></ul><ul><li>The falling action ...
Resolution <ul><li>The final part of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>It tells how the story ends.  All the loose ends are tie...
Theme <ul><li>The main idea that the author wishes to share with the reader. A writer rarely states the theme directly; bu...
Mood <ul><li>A feeling or emotions that a writing or piece of literature stirs in the reader. </li></ul>
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Literary elements

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Literary elements

  1. 1. Elements of Literature
  2. 2. Protagonist <ul><li>Is the main character in a work of literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator </li></ul>
  3. 3. Antagonist <ul><li>The character in a work of literature who opposes the main character. </li></ul>
  4. 4. conflict <ul><li>A struggle between opposing forces; conflicts can be external or internal . </li></ul>
  5. 5. External Conflict <ul><li>Man-vs-man </li></ul><ul><li>Man-vs-nature </li></ul><ul><li>Man-vs-animal </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle with outside forces. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Internal Conflict <ul><li>Takes place in the character’s mind. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Point Of View <ul><li>The vantage point in which the story is told. </li></ul><ul><li>First Person- ‘I’ </li></ul><ul><li>Third Person- ‘He, she it” </li></ul><ul><li>Omniscient -having infinite awareness, understanding, and insight possessed of universal or complete knowledge </li></ul>
  8. 8. Setting <ul><li>The time and the place of the story or novel. </li></ul><ul><li>A story can be set in a realistic or imaginary place and can occur in the past, present,or future. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Foreshadowing <ul><li>An author’s way of hinting to the reader of what is to come in the story. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Plot <ul><li>The series of events in sequential order. </li></ul><ul><li>What happens 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd , and so on. </li></ul><ul><li>The plot centers on at least one major problem called a conflict . </li></ul>Exposition Rising Action CLIMAX! Falling Action Resolution
  11. 11. Five Main Parts of the Plot <ul><li>Not all stories fit this pattern. </li></ul><ul><li>The exposition may appear in the middle of the story instead of the beginning. </li></ul><ul><li>A story can end with a climax, leaving no falling action. </li></ul>Climax Resolution Rising Action Falling Action Exposition
  12. 12. Exposition <ul><li>The opening of a short story or novel. It provides background information that the reader needs to know. </li></ul><ul><li>It introduces the characters, describes the setting, and may recap important events before the action of the story. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Rising Action <ul><li>The chain of events becomes more complex. The actions and feelings of the characters intensify as their problems become more complicated. </li></ul>Rising Action
  14. 14. Climax <ul><li>The highest point of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Where most action takes place in the store </li></ul><ul><li>Involves an important event,decision, or discovery that affects the final outcome. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Falling Action <ul><li>Following the climax, the intensity of the story may subside. </li></ul><ul><li>The falling action describes the results of the major events as the action winds down. </li></ul>Falling action
  16. 16. Resolution <ul><li>The final part of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>It tells how the story ends. All the loose ends are tied up. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Theme <ul><li>The main idea that the author wishes to share with the reader. A writer rarely states the theme directly; but after reading the selection, the reader should be able to infer the theme. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be Universal;applying to you and the world </li></ul>
  18. 18. Mood <ul><li>A feeling or emotions that a writing or piece of literature stirs in the reader. </li></ul>
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