Literary elements
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Literary elements






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    Literary elements Literary elements Presentation Transcript

    • Elements of Literature
    • Protagonist
      • Is the main character in a work of literature.
      • Narrator
    • Antagonist
      • The character in a work of literature who opposes the main character.
    • conflict
      • A struggle between opposing forces; conflicts can be external or internal .
    • External Conflict
      • Man-vs-man
      • Man-vs-nature
      • Man-vs-animal
      • Struggle with outside forces.
    • Internal Conflict
      • Takes place in the character’s mind.
    • Point Of View
      • The vantage point in which the story is told.
      • First Person- ‘I’
      • Third Person- ‘He, she it”
      • Omniscient -having infinite awareness, understanding, and insight possessed of universal or complete knowledge
    • Setting
      • The time and the place of the story or novel.
      • A story can be set in a realistic or imaginary place and can occur in the past, present,or future.
    • Foreshadowing
      • An author’s way of hinting to the reader of what is to come in the story.
    • Plot
      • The series of events in sequential order.
      • What happens 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd , and so on.
      • The plot centers on at least one major problem called a conflict .
      Exposition Rising Action CLIMAX! Falling Action Resolution
    • Five Main Parts of the Plot
      • Not all stories fit this pattern.
      • The exposition may appear in the middle of the story instead of the beginning.
      • A story can end with a climax, leaving no falling action.
      Climax Resolution Rising Action Falling Action Exposition
    • Exposition
      • The opening of a short story or novel. It provides background information that the reader needs to know.
      • It introduces the characters, describes the setting, and may recap important events before the action of the story.
    • Rising Action
      • The chain of events becomes more complex. The actions and feelings of the characters intensify as their problems become more complicated.
      Rising Action
    • Climax
      • The highest point of interest
      • Where most action takes place in the store
      • Involves an important event,decision, or discovery that affects the final outcome.
    • Falling Action
      • Following the climax, the intensity of the story may subside.
      • The falling action describes the results of the major events as the action winds down.
      Falling action
    • Resolution
      • The final part of the story.
      • It tells how the story ends. All the loose ends are tied up.
    • Theme
      • The main idea that the author wishes to share with the reader. A writer rarely states the theme directly; but after reading the selection, the reader should be able to infer the theme.
      • It can be Universal;applying to you and the world
    • Mood
      • A feeling or emotions that a writing or piece of literature stirs in the reader.