Background April 1775 Fighting begins at Lexington & Concord
American Advantages British Advantages Britain is far away Home-court advantage Resourceful/smart Colonies are spread out 1/3 are patriots More ppl/ soldiers More experience Better weapons / supplies World’s best navy 1/3 are loyalists One “decider”
Military Strategies The Americans The British Attrition [the Brits had a long supply line]. Guerilla tactics [fight an insurgent war you don’t have to win a battle, just wear the British down] Make an alliance with one of Britain’s enemies. Break the colonies in half by getting between the No. & the So. Blockade the ports to prevent the flow of goods and supplies from an ally. “Divide and Conquer” use the Loyalists.
Britain’s “Southern Strategy” Britain thought that there were more Loyalists in the South. Southern resources were more valuable/worth preserving. The British win a number of small victories, but cannot pacify the countryside. Good US General:Nathanial Greene
The American Crisis: Paine These are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly: it is dearness only that gives every thing its value.
Fighting in New York November 1776 – Washington retreats from New York