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The american revolution


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  • 1. The American Revolution
  • 2. Background
    April 1775 Fighting begins at
    Lexington & Concord
  • 3. American Advantages British Advantages
    Britain is far away
    Home-court advantage
    Colonies are spread out
    1/3 are patriots
    More ppl/ soldiers
    More experience
    Better weapons / supplies
    World’s best navy
    1/3 are loyalists
    One “decider”
  • 4.
  • 5. Military Strategies
    The Americans
    The British
    Attrition [the Brits had a long supply line].
    Guerilla tactics [fight an insurgent war  you don’t have to win a battle, just wear the British down]
    Make an alliance with one of Britain’s enemies.
    Break the colonies in half by getting between the No. & the So.
    Blockade the ports to prevent the flow of goods and supplies from an ally.
    “Divide and Conquer”  use the Loyalists.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8. Battle of Bunker Hill
  • 9. p. 187
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13. Battle of Bunker Hill
    First Big Battle
    Americans retreated after killing 1,000 British
    Proved Americans could fight
  • 14. March 1776 - Colonists drive British out of Boston (victory).
  • 15. July 1776
    Declaration of Independence
    written by Thomas Jefferson
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. Phase I:The Northern Campaign[1775-1776]
  • 19. Phase II:
    NY & PA[1777-1778]
  • 20. New York City in Flames(1776)
  • 21. Washington Crossing the Delaware
    Painted by Emanuel Leutze, 1851
  • 22. Saratoga: “Turning Point” of the War?
    A modern-day re-enactment
  • 23. Phase III:The Southern Strategy [1780-1781]
  • 24. Britain’s “Southern Strategy”
    Britain thought that there were more Loyalists in the South.
    Southern resources were more valuable/worth preserving.
    The British win a number of small victories, but cannot pacify the countryside.
    Good US General:Nathanial Greene
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27. The American Crisis: Paine
    These are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly: it is dearness only that gives every thing its value.
  • 28. Fighting in New York
    November 1776 – Washington retreats from New York
  • 29. Washington Crosses Delaware Riv.
  • 30. Battle of Trenton
    Washington crossed the Delaware River on Christmas night, 1776
    Americans surprised and captured 900 German mercenaries
  • 31. Saratoga
    Took place in NEW YORK,
    Am. defeated British Gen. Burgoyne – gave up army & cannons
    Boosted morale
    Turning point of the war – we got the help of France
    World war????
  • 32.
  • 33. Valley Forge
  • 34.
  • 35. Valley Forge
    • Very cold winter camp
    • 36. Short on supplies, food, clothes
    • 37. Began training
  • French / Allies
    Lafayette – 19 y/o French commander, gave huge donations, helped out by adding soldiers
    Rochambeauhelped Washington, brought large army
  • 38. The End
  • 39. War in the South
  • 40. Cornwallis’ Surrender at Yorktown:
    “The World Turned Upside Down!”
    Painted by John Trumbull, 1797
  • 41. War in the South
    • British wanted to fight in the South – more loyalists (tories)?
    • 42. Cornwallis (Br.) ran from the patriots
    • 43. Br. surrendered at Yorktown in October 1781
  • Treaty of Paris - 1783
    • Independence of US recognized
    • 44. New borders – Atlantic Ocean to Mississippi River
  • North America After theTreaty of Paris, 1783