Manifest Destiny and War Matt López With six slides from Susan Pojer
First coined by newspaper editor, John O’Sullivan in 1845. ".... the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federaltive development of self-governmententrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air and the earth suitable for the full expansion of its principle and destiny of growth."
Missouri CompromiseMissouri Compromise Tried to keep a balance between the number of slave and free states. Why?
JOHN GAST - "AMERICAN PROGRESS," (1872)
Maine Boundary Settlement, 1842
The Oregon Trail – Albert Bierstadt, 1869
The Donner PartyClip http://www.history.com/shows/america-the-story-of- April, 1846 – April, 1847 us/videos/playlists/exclusive-video#the-donner-party
The Bear Flag Republic •1845 John C. Frémont US mapmaker goes to CA, causes trouble, leaves for Oregon•1846 Group arrests GovVallejo, proclaims the “BearFlag Republic”•Later US takes over
U.S. Mexican War
The Republic of Texas Texas and Mexico argued over the border since 1836 Mexico – “It’s the Nueces River” Texas – “It’s the Rio Grande”
1845 Texas decides to join the slave U.S. as a _______ state This angers abolitionists and pleases supporters of slavery
President Polk sent John Slidell to settle the border issue and try to purchase New Mexico for $5 million and California for any price ($15m) Mexico kicked him out
Polk orders General Zachary Taylor to move to the northernshore of the Rio Grande with troops
Mexico sends its own troops and crosses the RioGrande. Battle soon begins.
Opposition to Mexican War Henry Clay and Daniel Webster criticized the war as a cover for stealing land and unnecessary and offensive aggression.
Opposition to Mexican War Representative Abraham Lincoln asked Polk to prove that the disputed territory actually belonged to the United States. He also voted in favor of a resolution that declared the war with Mexico “was unnecessarily and unconstitutionally commenced by the President.” http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/teachers/lesson6-background.html
Opposition to Mexican War Thoreau – CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE refused to pay income taxes which might be used to fund the war Abolitionists – afraid new territory would become slave territory and upset the balance of slave / free states
Wilmot Proviso, 1846Provided, territory from that, as anexpress and fundamental condition tothe acquisition of any the Republic ofMexico by the United States, by virtueof any treaty which may be negotiatedbetween them, and to the use by theExecutive of the moneys hereinappropriated, neither slavery norinvoluntary servitude shall ever existin any part of said territory, except for Congr. Davidcrime, whereof the party shall first be Wilmotduly convicted. (D-PA)
End of the War 1847 - Americans conquered Mexico City “General Scott’s entrance into Mexico City” http://www.dmwv.org/mexwar/images/prints/scott3.jpg
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo – Mexican Cession 1848 Ends the War U.S. “Purchases” New Mexico and California for $15 m TX border Rio Grande U.S. promises to recognize land rights of Mexican now living in U.S.
Effects of War 1 million new acres of land (including TX) US almost thirty percent larger Mexico loses 1/3 of land Slavery becomes an issue… …again
Gadsden Purchase We bought land from Mexico for $10 million Southern portion of AZ & NM Set continental boundaries for US