French and Indian War
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French and Indian War

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    French and Indian War French and Indian War Presentation Transcript

    • What do you think is the meaning of this cartoon? What might the abbreviations represent? What are people supposed to join?
    • The French & Indian War (1756 – 1763) “The Great War for Empire”
    • Prompt In what ways did the French & Indian War alter the political, economic, and ideological relationship between England and its American colonies?
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    • What might the English and French who lived in North America fight about?
      • Each wanted control of more land
      • British frontier towns were getting raided by Native Americans ( allies of French)
      • Boundaries in North America? In Europe?
      • They had a history of bad blood
      Hmm
    •  
    • Who??? French And Indians vs. England and the 13 colonies
    • GW makes a name for himself!
    • George Washington
      • Lieutenant Colonel
      • ~ 22 years old during French and Indian War
      • Surrendered to French troops at Fort Necessity, but became a hero for his bravery
      (AP Photo/Kevin Wolf)
    • British French The Ohio Valley 1754  The First Clash
    • Taking Sides
      • Since the colonists are British, they need to unite to fight the French
      • In walks Ben Franklin…
    • Ben Franklin  representatives from New England, NY, MD, PA
      • Albany Congress  failed Iroquois broke off relations with Britain & threatened to trade with the French.
      1754  Albany Plan of Union Big Idea First time most of the colonies got together in one place!
    • Gen. Edward Braddock  evict the French from the Ohio Valley & Canada (Newfoundland & Nova Scotia)
      • Attacks OH Valley, Mohawk Valley, & Acadia.
      • Killed 10 mi. from Ft. Duquesne  by 1500 French and Indian forces.
      Only British Success  expelled French Acadians from Nova Scotia. (They moved to Louisiana and became “Cajuns.”) 1755  Br. Decides to Eliminate Fr. Presence in North America 1756  War Is Formally Declared!
      • March in formation or bayonet charge.
      • Br. officers wanted to take charge of colonials.
      • Prima Donna Br. officers with servants & tea settings.
      • Drills & tough discipline.
      • Colonists should pay for their own defense.
      • Indian-style guerilla tactics.
      • Col. militias served under own captains.
      • No mil. deference or protocols observed.
      • Resistance to rising taxes.
      • Casual, non-professionals.
      Methods of Fighting: Military Organization: Military Discipline: Finances: Demeanor: British-American Colonial Tensions British Colonials
      • He understood colonial concerns.
      • He offered them a compromise:
      - colonial loyalty & mil. cooperation-->Br. would reimburse col. assemblies for their costs. - Lord Loudoun would be removed. RESULTS?  Colonial morale increased by 1758. 1757  William Pitt Becomes Foreign Minister
    • 1758-1761  The Tide Turns for England * By 1761, Spain has become an ally of France
    • 1759 - Battle of Quebec
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    • Before After
    • 1. It increased her colonial empire in the Americas 2. It greatly enlarged England’s debt. 3. Britain’s contempt for the colonials created bitter feelings. Therefore, England felt that a major reorganization of her American Empire was necessary! Effects of the War on Britain?
    • 1. It united them against a common enemy for the first time. 2. It created a socializing experience for all the colonials who participated. 3. It created bitter feelings towards the British that would only intensify. Effects of the War on the American Colonials
    • 1763  Pontiac’s Rebellion Fort Detroit British “gifts” of smallpox-infected blankets from Fort Pitt. The Aftermath: Tensions
    • British  Proclamation Line of 1763. BACKLASH!