French and Indian War
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French and Indian War

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French and Indian War Presentation Transcript

  • 1. What do you think is the meaning of this cartoon? What might the abbreviations represent? What are people supposed to join?
  • 2. The French & Indian War (1756 – 1763) “The Great War for Empire”
  • 3. Prompt In what ways did the French & Indian War alter the political, economic, and ideological relationship between England and its American colonies?
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6. What might the English and French who lived in North America fight about?
    • Each wanted control of more land
    • British frontier towns were getting raided by Native Americans ( allies of French)
    • Boundaries in North America? In Europe?
    • They had a history of bad blood
    Hmm
  • 7.  
  • 8. Who??? French And Indians vs. England and the 13 colonies
  • 9. GW makes a name for himself!
  • 10. George Washington
    • Lieutenant Colonel
    • ~ 22 years old during French and Indian War
    • Surrendered to French troops at Fort Necessity, but became a hero for his bravery
    (AP Photo/Kevin Wolf)
  • 11. British French The Ohio Valley 1754  The First Clash
  • 12. Taking Sides
    • Since the colonists are British, they need to unite to fight the French
    • In walks Ben Franklin…
  • 13. Ben Franklin  representatives from New England, NY, MD, PA
    • Albany Congress  failed Iroquois broke off relations with Britain & threatened to trade with the French.
    1754  Albany Plan of Union Big Idea First time most of the colonies got together in one place!
  • 14. Gen. Edward Braddock  evict the French from the Ohio Valley & Canada (Newfoundland & Nova Scotia)
    • Attacks OH Valley, Mohawk Valley, & Acadia.
    • Killed 10 mi. from Ft. Duquesne  by 1500 French and Indian forces.
    Only British Success  expelled French Acadians from Nova Scotia. (They moved to Louisiana and became “Cajuns.”) 1755  Br. Decides to Eliminate Fr. Presence in North America 1756  War Is Formally Declared!
  • 15.
    • March in formation or bayonet charge.
    • Br. officers wanted to take charge of colonials.
    • Prima Donna Br. officers with servants & tea settings.
    • Drills & tough discipline.
    • Colonists should pay for their own defense.
    • Indian-style guerilla tactics.
    • Col. militias served under own captains.
    • No mil. deference or protocols observed.
    • Resistance to rising taxes.
    • Casual, non-professionals.
    Methods of Fighting: Military Organization: Military Discipline: Finances: Demeanor: British-American Colonial Tensions British Colonials
  • 16.
    • He understood colonial concerns.
    • He offered them a compromise:
    - colonial loyalty & mil. cooperation-->Br. would reimburse col. assemblies for their costs. - Lord Loudoun would be removed. RESULTS?  Colonial morale increased by 1758. 1757  William Pitt Becomes Foreign Minister
  • 17. 1758-1761  The Tide Turns for England * By 1761, Spain has become an ally of France
  • 18. 1759 - Battle of Quebec
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21. Before After
  • 22. 1. It increased her colonial empire in the Americas 2. It greatly enlarged England’s debt. 3. Britain’s contempt for the colonials created bitter feelings. Therefore, England felt that a major reorganization of her American Empire was necessary! Effects of the War on Britain?
  • 23. 1. It united them against a common enemy for the first time. 2. It created a socializing experience for all the colonials who participated. 3. It created bitter feelings towards the British that would only intensify. Effects of the War on the American Colonials
  • 24. 1763  Pontiac’s Rebellion Fort Detroit British “gifts” of smallpox-infected blankets from Fort Pitt. The Aftermath: Tensions
  • 25. British  Proclamation Line of 1763. BACKLASH!