Causes of Rapid Industrialization1.   Unskilled & semi-skilled labor in abundance2.   Capital3.   Entrepreneurs4.   Market...
Social DarwinismLaw of the jungleThe strong survive, the weak failNo government interference – “laissez faire”Therefore, s...
The Gospel of Wealth:     Religion in the Era of Industrialization$ Wealth no longer looked upon as bad$ Viewed as a sign ...
“On Wealth”                  $ The Anglo-Saxon race is                    superior.                  $ “Gospel of Wealth” ...
Robber BaronsMen that do anything to achieve great wealth  Accused of exploiting workers  Forcing horrible working conditi...
Modern Robber Barons
Trust  Stockholders turn their stock over to trustees and they  run the corporation        Many companies joined togetherM...
Oil IndustryJohn D. Rockefeller started Standard Oil CompanyUsed a trust to gain control of other companies
Andrew CarnegieBuilds steel empire using:  New machinery (better products)  Cheap production methods  Talented workers pai...
Labor Unions
Workers were being exploited1882 – 675 workers killed each week in factoriesWages – which often got cut later  Child .27 p...
“Tools” of   “Tools” of           Management      Labor“scabs”                              boycottsP. R. campaign     ...
The Molly Maguires             (1860s - 1870s) JamesMcParland
Pinkerton AgentsThe Corporate “Bully-Boys”:
National Labor Union1866-1873Laid groundwork for future unions
Knights of Labor - 1869 Eight-hour workday. Workers’ cooperatives. Worker-owned factories. Abolition of child and pris...
Haymarket Riot (1886)ChicagoHaymarket Affair – protest against policebrutality in breaking up strikesBombing at protestBla...
American Federation of LaborStarted by Samuel Gompers 1886  By 1915 avg. work week went from  55hrs to 49 hrs  Avg. weeks ...
Great Strike of 1877 – railroad strike thatstopped trains for a week, federal troopscalled in to halt strike
Company Towns
A “Company   Town”:Pullman, IL
The Socialists        Eugene V. Debs
Big Corporate Profits!
The Rise & Decline of Organized Labor
American industry comes of age
American industry comes of age
American industry comes of age
American industry comes of age
American industry comes of age
American industry comes of age
American industry comes of age
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American industry comes of age

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American industry comes of age

  1. 1. Causes of Rapid Industrialization1. Unskilled & semi-skilled labor in abundance2. Capital3. Entrepreneurs4. Market growing as population increased5. Government willing to stimulate economic growth6. Abundant natural resources
  2. 2. Social DarwinismLaw of the jungleThe strong survive, the weak failNo government interference – “laissez faire”Therefore, state intervention to reward society and theeconomy is futile! Most people liked this concept because it appealed to their work ethic
  3. 3. The Gospel of Wealth: Religion in the Era of Industrialization$ Wealth no longer looked upon as bad$ Viewed as a sign of God’s approval$ Christian duty to accumulate wealth$ Should not help the poor
  4. 4. “On Wealth” $ The Anglo-Saxon race is superior. $ “Gospel of Wealth” (1901). $ Inequality is inevitable and good. $ Wealthy should act as “trustees” for their “poorer brethren.”Andrew Carnegie
  5. 5. Robber BaronsMen that do anything to achieve great wealth Accused of exploiting workers Forcing horrible working conditions Unfair labor practices Selling cheap, then raising price after competitor goes out of business“Captains of Industry”(euphemism)
  6. 6. Modern Robber Barons
  7. 7. Trust Stockholders turn their stock over to trustees and they run the corporation Many companies joined togetherMerger Company buys out competitorMonopoly Company buys out everyone Only provider of that service
  8. 8. Oil IndustryJohn D. Rockefeller started Standard Oil CompanyUsed a trust to gain control of other companies
  9. 9. Andrew CarnegieBuilds steel empire using: New machinery (better products) Cheap production methods Talented workers paid in stock Competition among workers Vertical and horizontal integration
  10. 10. Labor Unions
  11. 11. Workers were being exploited1882 – 675 workers killed each week in factoriesWages – which often got cut later Child .27 per day Women - $267 per year Men - $498 per yearNo benefits6 day work week – 12-14 hours per dayUnions improved wages, hours, and conditions over time
  12. 12. “Tools” of “Tools” of Management Labor“scabs” boycottsP. R. campaign sympathy demonstrationsPinkertons informationallockout picketingblacklisting closed shopsyellow-dog organized contracts strikescourt injunctions “wildcat”open shop strikes
  13. 13. The Molly Maguires (1860s - 1870s) JamesMcParland
  14. 14. Pinkerton AgentsThe Corporate “Bully-Boys”:
  15. 15. National Labor Union1866-1873Laid groundwork for future unions
  16. 16. Knights of Labor - 1869 Eight-hour workday. Workers’ cooperatives. Worker-owned factories. Abolition of child and prison labor. Increased circulation of greenbacks. Equal pay for men and women. Safety codes in the workplace. Prohibition of contract foreign labor. Abolition of the National Bank.
  17. 17. Haymarket Riot (1886)ChicagoHaymarket Affair – protest against policebrutality in breaking up strikesBombing at protestBlamed on anarchists8 ArrestedKnights of Labor lose support
  18. 18. American Federation of LaborStarted by Samuel Gompers 1886 By 1915 avg. work week went from 55hrs to 49 hrs Avg. weeks wage rose from $17.50 to $24
  19. 19. Great Strike of 1877 – railroad strike thatstopped trains for a week, federal troopscalled in to halt strike
  20. 20. Company Towns
  21. 21. A “Company Town”:Pullman, IL
  22. 22. The Socialists Eugene V. Debs
  23. 23. Big Corporate Profits!
  24. 24. The Rise & Decline of Organized Labor

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