Cotton Gin This form of farming was wasteful due to excessivecultivation of cotton which spoiled good land.
Plantation Agriculture This was the main crop raised bysouthern subsistence farmers.
Zachary TaylorEnded the Mexican-American war, recognized the RioGrande as the Tx. Border, and the US purchases California and NM for 15 million.
CornThe forced separationof slave families was the theme of this novel.
John Tyler This invention resultedin the re-invigoration of slavery.
Spain, Russia, Britainand the United States Won election of 1844
Missouri CompromiseVice president of Harrisonwho became president after Harrison’s death. Was known as a Democrat in Whig’s clothing.
Harriet TubmanHenry Clay was known as:
James K. PolkThe idea that Americanswere destined by God to spread democracythroughout the Americas
Uncle Tom’s CabinFour nations that claimed Oregon Country
Popular SovereigntyThis proposed that slavery should not beallowed in any area purchased (or won)from Mexico. While it passed theHouse, it did not pass the Senate. Itsymbolized the burning issue of slavery.
Aroostook (Pork and Beans) War In the Oregon treaty with Britain in 1846, the northern boundary of the US was established here.
Gold was discovered in California Conductor of the underground railroad
49th ParallelWon victory at BuenaVista; “Old Rough and Ready;” future Whig president.
William Lloyd GarrisonThis conflict over the border of Maine was eventually solved bycompromise that gave each side new land.
Treaty of Guadalupe- HidalgoThe idea that whether ornot a territory became aslave or free state wouldbe decided by the people living in that state.
Nativism Stated that slaves could not testify on their ownbehalf, and were denied a jury trial. Also paid a judge moreif a person were found to be a slave.
Manifest Destiny Publisher of “The Liberator,” this manpledged his dedication to the immediate abolition of slavery.
Wilmot Proviso This party was acombination of anti-slavery whigs and democrats. They did not want the expansion of slavery.
Free Soil Party1848 – Sutter’s Mill
Great NullifierThis was the centralplank of the Know-Nothing party in the 1856 election.
William Walker Author of “The Impending Crisis of the South” whoargued that non-slaveholdingsouthern whites were hurt the most by slave labor.
The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850This admitted California as a freestate and opened New Mexico and Utah to slavery based on popular sovereignty
Matthew Perry This had to be repealedto make way for popular sovereignty and the Compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850 Proposed that the state ofKansas have slavery regardlessof whether the document was approved or not.
Great Pacificator /Great CompromiserJohn Calhoun was known as:
Hinton R. HelperThe man who opened Japan to the United States.
Lecompton Constitution Installed himself as president of Nicaragua in 1856