The term Renaissance literally translates to _______ in French.
_________ came up with the idea that the sun was the center of the universe and it this theory was later reaffirmed by Galileo.
During the Renaissance, their was a renewed interest in Greek and Roman cultures and an emphasis on human achievement. This was known as _________.
Humanism or Humanities
The _______ were a wealthy Italian banking family that had large influence and power in Florence. 4 members of their family also became pope.
Lorenzo di Medici Pope Leo X (Giovanni di Medici)
A new view of human beings that emphasized individual ability and worth emerged in the Renaissance. A well-rounded, universal person that was capable of achievements in many areas of life was known as a(n) __________.
Leonardo da Vinci was perhaps the best example of a Renaissance Man. He was a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician.
John Calvin believed in _______ or that it is already written that you will be going to heaven or hell.
He also believed in foreknowledge in which God knows everything you will do in your life.
Invented by Johann Gutenberg, the _______ is arguably one of the most significant inventions in history.
Printing press or moveable type
This allowed for quick, cheap book production and made information more widely available.
As a response to his issues with Catholicism, Martin Luther came of with _______ or complaints he had with the Catholic Church.
He used the printing press created by Gutenberg to mass produce his ideas and then nailed them to the doors of all the churches.
He wrote many ideas on politics. His most famous work was The Prince , which he described how to achieve power and also how to maintain it.
Living towards the end of the Renaissance, he helped usher in the Golden Age of Literacy and is perhaps, the most famous playwright of all time.
King Henry VIII became a reformer after he decided to break away from the Catholic Church. This was all a result because he wanted to _________.
Divorce his wife for not giving him a son
Much of Italy’s rich and wealthy class started to support many artists in their endeavors and gave them large amounts of money for them to create works of art. These wealthy people became known as _______.
Patrons of the arts
The Medici family supported many of the endeavors of Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Brunelleschi, etc.
There is a little rhyme that tells the fate’s of each of King Henry VIII’s six wives.