Physical geography of latin america

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  • 1. Chapter 9 Notes- Latin AmericaPhysical Geography of LatinAmerica- From the Andes to theAmazon
  • 2. Section 1: Landforms & Resources
  • 3. Section 1: Landforms& Resources• Andes Mountains-longest mountain chain inthe world
  • 4. Llama!
  • 5. Section 1: Landforms& Resources• Angel Falls- tallest waterfall inthe world (Venezuela)• Drops 3,212 feet• That’s over 15x’s the height ofNiagara Falls
  • 6. Section 1: Landforms &Resources• Grasslands of Latin America• Llanos- grassy plains of Colombia& Venezuela• Cerrado- plains of Brazil• Pampas- plains of Argentina &UruguayLlanosCerradoPampas
  • 7. Patagonia• From mountains to valleys, thesouthern region of South America isknown as Patagonia.• It is one of the most naturallybeautiful regions in the world andattracts thousands oftourists each year.
  • 8. Section 1:Landforms &Resources• Orinoco River- goes throughnorthern part of Venezuela
  • 9. Section 1: Landforms& Resources• Parana River- Over 3,000miles long• Travels through Paraguay &Argentina
  • 10. Section 1: Landforms &Resources• Amazon River-• Flows about 4,000 miles West to East• Over 1,000 rivers empty into it• Carries more water to the ocean than any other river• More than the next 7 largest rivers combined
  • 11. Animals found in or near the Amazon
  • 12. AmazonRainforest• The Amazon river basin is hometo the largest rainforest in theworld, the Amazon Rainforest.• The Amazon Rainforest has thegreatest biodiversity on theplanet and is home to millions ofspecies of animals.
  • 13. Section 2: Climate & Vegetation• Rain forests- denseforest of manydifferent trees• Hot & rainy year round• Some trees over 150ft.highPiranha Video
  • 14. Section 1: Landforms &Resources• Average Rainfall, Natural Vegetation, & AverageTemperatures of South America in January & July
  • 15. • Climate conditionschange as elevationlevels rise, thisdetermines the typesof crops that can begrown for eachcountrySection 2: Climate & Vegetation
  • 16. Section 3: Human-EnvironmentInteraction• Slash-&-Burn Farming- cut down trees,brush, grasses, and then burn the debris• Effective method in tropical regions• Leading to destruction of rain forests• Non-landowning poor?
  • 17. Section 3: Human-EnvironmentInteraction• Terraced Farming- ancient technique togrow crops on hillsides• Reduces soil erosion• Used by Incas, & Aztecs
  • 18. Section 3: Human-EnvironmentInteraction• Push Factors- reasonsthat people are forced toleave rural (country)areas• Pull Factors- reasonsthat people are drawn tourban (cities) areasPush FactorsPull Factors
  • 19. Section 3: Human-Environment Interaction• Rapidly GrowingCities-• Regions cities aregrowing very rapidly• Can cause slums,crime, unemployment,& pollution• Governments can’thandle infrastructureimprovements
  • 20. Section 3: Human-Environment Interaction• Tourism-• Good effects- creates jobs, hotels,restaurants, $$$, & can reduce income gapbetween rich & poor
  • 21. Section 3: Human-EnvironmentInteraction• Bad effects- more pollution, congestion,gap between rich tourists & poor locals,owners of resorts don’t always live inarea