Human geography of latin america


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Human geography of latin america

  1. 1. Human Geography of Latin America
  2. 2.  Places & Terms Spanish Conquest: The conquering of the NativeAmericans by the Spanish. Tenochtitlan: Ancient Aztec capital Mestizo: People of mixed Spanish & Native Americanheritage Maquiladoras: Factories in Mexico that turn importedmaterials into finished products for export. NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement
  3. 3.  Native Americans & the SpanishConquest The rich fabric of native life in Mexico was tornapart by the Spanish conquest. In 1519 HernandoCortes landed on the coast of Mexico & marcheduntil he reached the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan(present day Mexico City). By 1521 he & his soldiershad conquered the Aztecs.
  4. 4.  Aztec Years in existence: 1200-1530 AD Location: South Mexico Inventions/Accomplishments Conquered peoples wereforced to pay tribute to centralgovernment Montezuma greatest ruler Military roads to the outpostsfrom Capital Built causeways to connectisland to mainland Sacrificing of POW’s!!!One ofthe new7wonders of theworldChichen Itza
  5. 5.  Human Geography Until 1821 Mexico remained apart of the Spanish Empire. Spanish influence still remains in Mexico with it’s language & Catholicreligion. Mexico has large mestizo population – people of mixed Spanish & NativeAmerican heritage. Economics: Cities & Factories Mexico continues to struggle with two main economic challenges. Many people are moving to the cities seeking jobs, largely abandoning theirfarming roots. Most factories or Maquiladoras’ are located along the border of the US.(Why? Think NAFTA)
  6. 6.  Places & Terms Cultural hearth: Heartland or place of origin of a majorculture. Panama Canal: Ship canal cut through Panama connectingthe Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean. The Panama Canal connects the two great oceans makingPanama a crossroads of world trade.
  7. 7.  Central America is know as a cultural hearth aswell as a crossroads. The Mayan Indians built a great civilization thatspread throughout the region. What exactlyhappened to the Mayan people still remainsvery much a mystery.
  8. 8.  Mayans- Years in existence: 300-900 AD Location: Tropical highlands ofCentral America & YucatanPeninsula Inventions/Accomplishments: Elaborate irrigations system Organized independent city states Cities were religious centers Polytheistic Precise Calendar Numbering system that includedzero No one knows why they began toabandon their cities in the 800’s
  9. 9.  Places & Terms Inca: People of South America who built acivilization in the Andes Mountains. (conquered byFrancisco Pizarro in 1533) Quechua: Language of the Inca Empire. Nowspoken in the Andes highlands. Mercosur: Economic common market that beganoperating in the southern cone of South America in1995. (think NAFTA for South America)
  10. 10.  Incas Years of existence: 1350-1533 AD Location: Andes Mountains,Amazon Rainforest, FromEcuador to Chile & Argentina Inventions/Accomplishments Government cared for sick &elderly by collecting taxes Dammed rivers to look for gold Invented the crowbar Brain surgery Treated MalariaOne of the greatest civilizations of theAmericas arose in the rugged AndesMountains of Peru.
  11. 11.  Machu Picchu-Incan nobilityretreat. Most famous ofthe Incan ruinsOne of thenew 7wonders ofthe worldVideo
  12. 12.  One of the greatest civilizations of the Americasarose in the rugged Andes Mountains of Peru.
  13. 13.  The Mercosur Trade Group Economic common market that began in SouthAmerica in 1995. Goals include: Make member economies more stable Increase trade within the region Channel some profits to groups who need it most
  14. 14.  Places & Terms Treaty of Tordesillas: Treaty between Spain &Portugal in 1494 that gave Portugal control over theland that is present day Brazil. Carnival: The most colorful feast day in Brazil.(thinkMardi Gras) Samba: Brazilian dance with African Influences. Capoeira: Martial Arts dance developed in Brazilfrom African influences.
  15. 15.  The Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) gave Portugalcontrol over much of the land that becamepresent-day Brazil. South America became acontinent divided into the Spanish speakingwest & the Portuguese-speaking east.
  16. 16.  Brazilian Life Today The most colorful feast day in Brazil is Carnival.Floats and parade through the streets of Rio deJaneiro and people dance to the music of thesamba. There is a widening gap between the rich & thepoor much like other Latin American countriesresulting in crime waves and drug abuse.