Places & Terms Spanish Conquest: The conquering of the NativeAmericans by the Spanish. Tenochtitlan: Ancient Aztec capital Mestizo: People of mixed Spanish & Native Americanheritage Maquiladoras: Factories in Mexico that turn importedmaterials into finished products for export. NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement
Native Americans & the SpanishConquest The rich fabric of native life in Mexico was tornapart by the Spanish conquest. In 1519 HernandoCortes landed on the coast of Mexico & marcheduntil he reached the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan(present day Mexico City). By 1521 he & his soldiershad conquered the Aztecs.
Aztec Years in existence: 1200-1530 AD Location: South Mexico Inventions/Accomplishments Conquered peoples wereforced to pay tribute to centralgovernment Montezuma greatest ruler Military roads to the outpostsfrom Capital Built causeways to connectisland to mainland Sacrificing of POW’s!!!One ofthe new7wonders of theworldChichen Itza
Human Geography Until 1821 Mexico remained apart of the Spanish Empire. Spanish influence still remains in Mexico with it’s language & Catholicreligion. Mexico has large mestizo population – people of mixed Spanish & NativeAmerican heritage. Economics: Cities & Factories Mexico continues to struggle with two main economic challenges. Many people are moving to the cities seeking jobs, largely abandoning theirfarming roots. Most factories or Maquiladoras’ are located along the border of the US.(Why? Think NAFTA)
Places & Terms Cultural hearth: Heartland or place of origin of a majorculture. Panama Canal: Ship canal cut through Panama connectingthe Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean. The Panama Canal connects the two great oceans makingPanama a crossroads of world trade.
Central America is know as a cultural hearth aswell as a crossroads. The Mayan Indians built a great civilization thatspread throughout the region. What exactlyhappened to the Mayan people still remainsvery much a mystery.
Mayans- Years in existence: 300-900 AD Location: Tropical highlands ofCentral America & YucatanPeninsula Inventions/Accomplishments: Elaborate irrigations system Organized independent city states Cities were religious centers Polytheistic Precise Calendar Numbering system that includedzero No one knows why they began toabandon their cities in the 800’s
Places & Terms Inca: People of South America who built acivilization in the Andes Mountains. (conquered byFrancisco Pizarro in 1533) Quechua: Language of the Inca Empire. Nowspoken in the Andes highlands. Mercosur: Economic common market that beganoperating in the southern cone of South America in1995. (think NAFTA for South America)
Incas Years of existence: 1350-1533 AD Location: Andes Mountains,Amazon Rainforest, FromEcuador to Chile & Argentina Inventions/Accomplishments Government cared for sick &elderly by collecting taxes Dammed rivers to look for gold Invented the crowbar Brain surgery Treated MalariaOne of the greatest civilizations of theAmericas arose in the rugged AndesMountains of Peru.
Machu Picchu-Incan nobilityretreat. Most famous ofthe Incan ruinsOne of thenew 7wonders ofthe worldVideo
One of the greatest civilizations of the Americasarose in the rugged Andes Mountains of Peru.
The Mercosur Trade Group Economic common market that began in SouthAmerica in 1995. Goals include: Make member economies more stable Increase trade within the region Channel some profits to groups who need it most
Places & Terms Treaty of Tordesillas: Treaty between Spain &Portugal in 1494 that gave Portugal control over theland that is present day Brazil. Carnival: The most colorful feast day in Brazil.(thinkMardi Gras) Samba: Brazilian dance with African Influences. Capoeira: Martial Arts dance developed in Brazilfrom African influences.
The Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) gave Portugalcontrol over much of the land that becamepresent-day Brazil. South America became acontinent divided into the Spanish speakingwest & the Portuguese-speaking east.
Brazilian Life Today The most colorful feast day in Brazil is Carnival.Floats and parade through the streets of Rio deJaneiro and people dance to the music of thesamba. There is a widening gap between the rich & thepoor much like other Latin American countriesresulting in crime waves and drug abuse.