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French revolution and napoleon review

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  • 1. The French Revolution and Napoleon
  • 2.  The shy, indecisive, king of France at the start of the French Revolution was named ________________. (Name and Number)
  • 3.  King Louis XVI (16th)
  • 4.  The Third Estate made up _____% of the population and paid _____ of the taxes.
  • 5.  The Third Estate made up 97-98% of the population and paid nearly all the taxes.
  • 6.  Enlightened ideas were one of several causes of the French Revolution, especially the writings of John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu and ________ who was outspoken against intolerance and injustice. He criticized the monarchy and the Catholic church while preaching “reason and rationality”.
  • 7.  Voltaire
  • 8.  Queen Marie Antoinette was especially out of touch with the realities that faced her country. When asked what the monarchy was going to do about the shortage of bread and the people starving in the streets, she supposedly said…
  • 9.  “Let them eat cake.”
  • 10.  In 1799, Napoleon took part in a________________ or overthrowing the government using military force.
  • 11.  Coup d’etat
  • 12.  The new, radical French government under known as the Jacobins were led by ______. During his time of power, they rounded up and executed thousands of “enemies of the state” which is known as the Reign of Terror.
  • 13.  Maximilien Robespierre
  • 14.  Angry and afraid for their lives, thousands of peasants gathered and stormed the _________, a fortress/prison.
  • 15.  The Bastille
  • 16.  Napoleon was defeated once and for all atthe Battle of _____ in Belgium in 1815. After which, he would be banished to a far off island.
  • 17.  Waterloo
  • 18.  Following Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo and banishment, the __________ was organized to meet and discuss peace, power and other politics in Europe.
  • 19.  Congress of Vienna
  • 20.  King Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, MaximillienRobespierre and thousands of others would meet their fate at the ____________, a new device invented to cause quick and painless death.
  • 21.  The Guillotine
  • 22.  Less than 2% of the population, the nobility, paid few, if any taxes, controlled much of the wealth, held key government and military positions.  This describes the ________________.
  • 23.  Second Estate
  • 24.  Napoleon’s fall came when he invadedRussia. Cold, starving and without supplies he decided to retreat. Of his 600,000 man army, only ________________ survived tomake it back to Paris. This is considered oneof the greatest military disasters in history.
  • 25.  40,000
  • 26.  The storming of the Bastille took place on July 14th, _______. This is widely considered the start of the French Revolution. Bastille Day is considered a sort of French independence day and is celebrated every year.
  • 27.  July 14th, 1789