Chapter 18 geography of africa


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Chapter 18 geography of africa

  1. 1.  A continent of plateaus, basins, and riftvalleys, Africa features dense rain forests,vast grasslands, and the world’s largestdesert.
  2. 2.  After Pangaea, thesupercontinent,broke up 200million years agoAfrica moved verylittle, unlikeAmericas,Antarctica,Australia, IndiaAfrica is secondlargest continent
  3. 3.  A huge plateaucovers most ofAfrica, risinginland from coastsmost of Africa is atleast 1,000 feetabove sea levelknown as the“plateau continent”
  4. 4.  The Nile River is theworld’s longest river;flowing over 4,000miles though Uganda,Sudan, Egypt andemptying out into theMediterranean Sea.waters used for irrigation95% of Egyptians getwater from Nile
  5. 5.  The Congo River is the9thlongest river in theworld and flows over2,900 miles. The Congo and itstributaries make it oneof the largest rivernetworks in the world! Surrounding the CongoRiver, is the CongoRiver Basin, which issome of the most fertileland in the world.
  6. 6. Congo Tiger Fish
  7. 7.  Major tropical rain forestsare on equator in the CongoRiver Basin A square acre can havehundreds of different typesof trees, birds plants, trees, leaves block outmost sunlight; air is hot, moist Most animals live in canopy— uppermost branches, 150feet off ground birds, monkeys, flying foxes,snakes
  8. 8.  Can you spell it?
  9. 9.  Victoria Falls is one of themost famous falls,considered to be among theSeven Natural Wonders ofthe World. It is 360 ft. tall and over amile wide! During the wet season, theflow of water makes it thelargest waterfall in theworld! (In terms of volume). The natives call it Mosi-o-Tunya, which means, the“Smoke that thunders.”
  10. 10.  Lake Victoria is Africa’slargest lake by area, andit is the largest tropicallake in the world. Lake Victoria is theworlds second largestfreshwater lake by surfacearea.
  11. 11.  Africa mainly hasvolcanic mountains:Mount Kenya, MountKilimanjaro Mount Kilimanjaro isAfrica’s highestmountain and is stillan active volcano! It rises over 19,000ft. above sea level
  12. 12.  The Sahara is largestdesert in world; namemeans “desert” inArabic It stretches 3,000 milesfrom the Atlantic to theRed Sea; 1,200 milesnorth to south temperatures as high as136 degrees in summer,freezing at night fewer than 2 million ofAfrica’s 800 million people
  13. 13.  6,000 feet underthe Sahara areaquifers — stores ofunderground water When this watercomes to thesurface it createsan oasis Sahara and otherdeserts may goyears without rain
  14. 14.  Tropical grasslandcovers most ofAfrica Serengeti Plain —northern Tanzaniagrasslanddry climate, hard soilprevent growth oftrees, crops
  15. 15.  Serengeti NationalPark has bestgrasslands in the worldsome grasses grow tallerthan a personideal for grazing animalslike wildebeests,gazelles, zebrassite of largest numbersof migrating landmammals