A continent of plateaus, basins, and riftvalleys, Africa features dense rain forests,vast grasslands, and the world’s largestdesert.
After Pangaea, thesupercontinent,broke up 200million years agoAfrica moved verylittle, unlikeAmericas,Antarctica,Australia, IndiaAfrica is secondlargest continent
A huge plateaucovers most ofAfrica, risinginland from coastsmost of Africa is atleast 1,000 feetabove sea levelknown as the“plateau continent”
The Nile River is theworld’s longest river;flowing over 4,000miles though Uganda,Sudan, Egypt andemptying out into theMediterranean Sea.waters used for irrigation95% of Egyptians getwater from Nile
The Congo River is the9thlongest river in theworld and flows over2,900 miles. The Congo and itstributaries make it oneof the largest rivernetworks in the world! Surrounding the CongoRiver, is the CongoRiver Basin, which issome of the most fertileland in the world.
Major tropical rain forestsare on equator in the CongoRiver Basin A square acre can havehundreds of different typesof trees, birds plants, trees, leaves block outmost sunlight; air is hot, moist Most animals live in canopy— uppermost branches, 150feet off ground birds, monkeys, flying foxes,snakes
Victoria Falls is one of themost famous falls,considered to be among theSeven Natural Wonders ofthe World. It is 360 ft. tall and over amile wide! During the wet season, theflow of water makes it thelargest waterfall in theworld! (In terms of volume). The natives call it Mosi-o-Tunya, which means, the“Smoke that thunders.”
Lake Victoria is Africa’slargest lake by area, andit is the largest tropicallake in the world. Lake Victoria is theworlds second largestfreshwater lake by surfacearea.
Africa mainly hasvolcanic mountains:Mount Kenya, MountKilimanjaro Mount Kilimanjaro isAfrica’s highestmountain and is stillan active volcano! It rises over 19,000ft. above sea level
The Sahara is largestdesert in world; namemeans “desert” inArabic It stretches 3,000 milesfrom the Atlantic to theRed Sea; 1,200 milesnorth to south temperatures as high as136 degrees in summer,freezing at night fewer than 2 million ofAfrica’s 800 million people
6,000 feet underthe Sahara areaquifers — stores ofunderground water When this watercomes to thesurface it createsan oasis Sahara and otherdeserts may goyears without rain
Tropical grasslandcovers most ofAfrica Serengeti Plain —northern Tanzaniagrasslanddry climate, hard soilprevent growth oftrees, crops
Serengeti NationalPark has bestgrasslands in the worldsome grasses grow tallerthan a personideal for grazing animalslike wildebeests,gazelles, zebrassite of largest numbersof migrating landmammals