Wave Dragon Project In Wales Power Gen 2006d
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Wave Dragon Project In Wales Power Gen 2006d

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Presentation given at PowerGen 2006.

Presentation given at PowerGen 2006.

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Wave Dragon Project In Wales Power Gen 2006d Wave Dragon Project In Wales Power Gen 2006d Presentation Transcript

  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Wave Dragon Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales Lars Christensen Jens Peter Kofoed James Tedd Wave Dragon ApS Hydraulics and Coastal Engineering SPOK ApS Copenhagen, DK Aalborg University, DK Copenhagen, DK Erik Friis-Madsen Wave Dragon ApS Copenhagen, DK POWER-GEN 2006 Low to zero CO2 technologies & emission reduction Thursday 1st June 2006 at Koelnmesse, Cologne, Germany Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Contents • Wave energy potential • The WD Demonstrator • Wave energy technology • Location • Wave Dragon prototype • Design • The partners and funding Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Technical Potential of Renewable Energy (ExaJoules) Bio- Hydro Solar Wind Geo- Ocean Total mass thermal World 283 50 1,570 580 1,401 730 4,614 Current use 50 10 0.2 0.2 2 0 62.4 Total primary energy 420 supply Source: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety: Conference Issue Paper, Renewables 2004 – International Conference for Renewables Energies, Bonn 2004, p.27. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Regions where wave energy is most feasible 1 TW 60o 30o 0o 30o 60o The western wind belt with the wave energy density in kW/m Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Wave Climate High wave power intensity at Atlantic Coast. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Power from wind, waves and tidal stream Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Fixed wave energy devices Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Floating wave energy devices Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Power plant size N o . o f u n it s t o f o r m a 1 0 0 M W p o w e r p la n t 1000 1000 950 900 850 800 750 700 667 650 600 550 500 450 400 400 350 300 250 250 200 200 150 133 100 100 50 50 67 67 50 14 0 Wave Dragon Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Big is beautiful Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Wave Dragon principle The Wave Dragon is a slack-moored wave energy converter that can be deployed alone or in parks wherever a sufficient wave climate and a water depth of more than 20 m is found. Climate Power production 24 kW/m 12 GWh/y/unit 36 kW/m 20 GWh/y/unit 48 kW/m 35 GWh/y/unit Wave reflector Waves overtopping the doubly curved ramp Reservoir Turbine outlet Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Nissum Bredning, Denmark The wave climate is scale 1:4.5 of the North Sea 2 Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Wave Dragon prototype • Measuring equipment RTD activities – Pressure transducers – Accelerometers • Two different test sites – Force transducers – Close to Danish Wave Power – Movement transducers Association's test site – Strain gauges – Further south-east where more wave energy is available • Online monitoring – Performance, WebCams, weather • WD prototype fully equipped – Turbines 1+6+3 – Grid connected generators – Floating level control system Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. First offshore wave energy converter producing power to the grid, May ’03 Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Cylinder gate turbines running Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Remote control Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Turbine operation and power production Example: • Four power producing turbines in continous operation • Three dummy turbines handles overtopping variation Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Wave Dragon prototype experience ☺ 15,600 hours operational track record ☺ Wave energy absorption performance verified ☺ It works! Power delivered to the grid ☺ Offshore wave energy is a reality Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Wave Dragon objectives To develop Wave Dragon to a power plant unit of 4 to 11 MW with a production price of 0.04 €/kWh €/kWh Wind 0,35 Wave 0,30 0,25 0,20 0,15 0,10 0,05 0,00 Target year 2016 85 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 01 03 05 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 Source: EU Wave Net 2002 and Risø Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. How visible is a WD power plant? Seen from 100 feet above sea level and at a distance of 5km Under the horizon at a distance of 10km Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Wave Dragon partners Wave Dragon MW EC Project • Wave Dragon ApS &Ltd. (DK & UK) • Aalborg University Hydraulics & Coastal Engineering Laboratory (DK) • Balslev A/S, Consulting Engineers Design of electrical and automation systems (DK) • Niras as, Consulting Engineers Wave forecasting models (DK) • Technical University Munich, Hydro turbine development and tests, regulation strategy(D) • Kössler Ges.m.b.H. Design and manufacturing of hydro turbines (A) • ESB International Ltd. Grid connection (IE) • University of Wales Swansea Environmental impact, power electronics (UK) • Warsaw University of Technology Generator technology, power electronics (PL) • Dr. Tech. Olav Olsen Design and specification of main structural parts (N) Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Wave Dragon Welsh project other team members/subcontractors: Löwenmark FRI, Inventor, Consulting Eng. (DK) SPOK ApS, Project Management Cons. (DK) Nöhrlind Ltd, Research & Business strategy development (UK) PMMS, Consent and CDM (UK) (CMACS, Osiris, Wessex, Anatec, Enviros) Wave Energy Centre, Wavetrain (PT) Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Investments until year 2004: C o n t r ib u t i o n 1000 € L ö w e n m a rk F .R .I 1 .5 0 3 SPO K ApS 891 V e te ra n K ra ft A B 366 The RTD has been supported by: K ö s s le r G e s .m . b . h . 101 B a ls le v A / S 217 • EU Energie FP5 B e lt E le c t r i c A p S 70 W i lfr i e d K n a p p 48 • Danish Energy Authority N ö h r lin d L t d M T H ø jg a a rd A /S 68 169 A rm s tro n g L td 136 • Elkraft System (PSO) N IR A S A S 35 E S B I E n g in e e rin g L td 88 • Obel Family Foundation EU 2 .0 7 8 D a n is h n a ti o n a l f u n d in g 1 .9 2 9 • and the partners U n iv e r s it y f u n d e d 192 T o ta l 7 .8 9 2 Investments in 2005 by partners and Danish national funding: € 1 million Total cost Welsh demonstrator: € 21 million of which: EC grant, 6th Framework programme: € 2.3 million Welsh Assembly Objective One grant: € 7.4 million Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Site selection Wales Grid connection Traffic Wave climate Pow er 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 7 50% 40% 5,5 30% Waveheight, significant, 4 20% meters 10% 2,5 0% 5 6 7 8 1 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Wave peak period in seconds Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Site selection Wales Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Location The demonstrator device will be located 2 - 3 miles off the South West Wales coast, off St Ann’s Head. The site has been selected to be: • Exposed to the predominant wind/wave direction • Relatively close to land, for economic Due to these practical reasons, the and operational purposes demonstration site is located within the Pembrokeshire Marine SAC (Special Area • Away from commercial shipping of Conservation), and a full Environmental interests Impact Assessment is being conducted. • Close to a major port, Milford Haven The area marked with the black square on the map shows the area being investigated • Close to potential grid connection - the area occupied by the Wave Dragon locations (Dale, Marloes) device is much smaller. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. WD Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Construction The Wave Dragon unit will be constructed at a port, close to the deployment site. The manufacturing of the reinforced concrete structure is straight forward using standard methods from the civil engineering field. Distance between tips of arms 300m Arm length 145m Length (tip of arm to rear of 170m central housing) Maximum height above sea level 6-3m Draught 11-14m Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Mooring A catenary mooring solution is considered the only feasible option because of its ability to absorb large peak loads. Design and construction of large offshore foundations, sub sea installations and handling of heavy components and equipment is a well established discipline within the offshore wind, oil and gas industries. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Animation: LOKE film Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Wave Dragon - Perspectives • A power plant size solution for exploiting offshore wave energy – Made up of proven technologies – Unique design and construction – Patented • Single unit size from 4 MW to 11 MW with power generating capacity of up to 30 GWh/year • Power plant capacity 4 MW – 1,100 MW (100 units example) • Long term installation cost < € 1,500 per kW by 2011 • Long term power generating cost of 3,5 – 4,3 €c/kWh by 2011 Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. www.wavedragon.net Wales project: www.wavedragon.co.uk Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany
  • Wave Dragon ApS and Ltd. Thank you for your attention! Worlds Largest Wave Energy Project 2007 in Wales POWER-GEN, 1st June 2006, Cologne, Germany