[2011] Next_Parliament (ICT Manner) - Jani Makraduli


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e-Democracy Conference 2011 presentation titled 'Next_Parliament (ICT Manner)' by Jani Makraduli, MSc, Vice-president of the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia

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  • Expressmy gratitude…Please accept my apology…
  • I was optimisticI'm not happyI wil take part of the responsibility
  • Where do we stand? Where are we - current state
  • Result od permanent dilemaWhy do government officials love e-government and hate e-democracy? The answer is implicit in the definition of the question. - E-government uses information technology to make government operate more efficiently, often by copying techniques first developed in the private sector. - E-democracy uses information technology to make elected officials more accountable to the public. - In the minds of elected officials, encouraging e-government is a win-win proposition. The public loves to cut waste while improving service, and politicians are happy to show that tax dollars are being spent more efficiently.
  • It is clear that constituency service is important both to citizens and politicians – indeed; it is an accepted and expected part of the job. Numerous opinion polls in different regions suggest that the public believes that some form or the other of constituency service is the most important part of an MP's role, while MPs themselves no doubt see the benefit of meeting voters' needs for various reasons, not least to improve their chances of re-election. A survey conducted for the Global Parliamentary Report indicated that parliamentarians consider law-making to be their most important role (52.3% of respondents), followed by holding government to account (17.2%) and solving constituents' problems (12.5%). When asked what they think citizens see as their most important role, however, the story is very different. Parliamentarians believe that, in the eyes of the citizen, solving citizens' problems is the parliamentarian's most important role (36.4%), followed by law-making (20.3%), holding government to account (16.2%) and promoting the interests and economy of their constituency (13.1%).
  • "Constituency service" is the general term for what parliamentarians do to serve and represent the interests of their constituents. Constituency service exists in many different forms, both in constituency-based electoral systems and also in list-based systems. Discussions with parliamentarians show the extent to which their capacity to deliver is being stretched to the limit, and might be taking them away from their parliamentary duties. The forthcoming Global Parliamentary Report, which has surveyed over 600 parliamentarians, suggests that working on citizens' issues is the single most time-consuming aspect of a parliamentarian's work.
  • ICT enabled digital transformation of servicesGovernments are major users of information technology, 2008 & 2009 according GartnerGovernments are the third largest IT spenders behind financial services and manufacturing
  • Harnessing - спрегнувањеTask for the national parliaments
  • Web 2.0 toolsNew media have ben seen as providing more opporttunities for individual candidates to personalise their message.Dilema: what about party activities?
  • Communication and dialogue with citizensSDC, NDI, constituency officesNGO
  • Parliamentary TV channel++To have everything on the same place
  • - Parliament-to-Parliament services refer to thosetechnological applications that can be used to facilitate information exchange betweenParliaments- Parliament-to-Members of Parliament (MPs) services refer to ICT tools that can be used to facilitate the work ofparliamentarians.- A characteristic example of a Parliament-to-Mediaservice is that of the Hotline-Newsdesk, a service established by the European Parliament,which provides to journalists useful information on several programs
  • - Strategic plan, which is comprised of two levels. The first levelencompasses a PEST (Political, Economic, Social and Technological factors) and SWOT(Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Trends) analysis, as well as the examination of factorssuch as e-readiness, inter-parliamentary cooperation and ways of attracting citizens’ interest;- The abovementioned description of a strategic plan need a strong political will in termsof the parliaments in order to incite a political reform for their benefit. Citizens’ inclusion in decision making either in physical or in electronic context helps people feel appreciated and accountable bythe elected representatives; on the other hand, parliaments find allies during the parliamentaryprocedures and the elected representatives get useful feedback and, in turn, are appreciated bytheir constituents.
  • The PEST and SWOT analysis compound the basis of the strategic planning that a parliament isobliged to review in order to ascertain, if it is feasible for further implementation of an e-service.Likewise, e-readiness plays a role of equal importance in the application of an e-parliament service.This implies that ICT infrastructure includes a number of factors such as access points available to citizens, degree ofcomputerization, networking infrastructure, availability and allocation of multilateral financialresources, a legal framework which ensures information security and privacy etc.Social media is popular and can serve a significant purpose by connecting parliaments with constituents…
  • [2011] Next_Parliament (ICT Manner) - Jani Makraduli

    1. 1. Next_Parliament (ICT manner)Jani Makraduli MScVice-presidentParliament of Republic of Macedonia
    2. 2. e-democracy 2010• Covers the whole legislation process within the Parliament from initiation of draft act till the decisions on plenary sessions including processes of preparation, approval and submission of draft acts, parliamentary committees, plenary sessions, MP questions…• Automation of work of President, Secretary General, MPs, Parliamentary groups• Integrated public web portal for publishing of daily material in procedure, scheduled meetings, agenda, conclusions, transcripts, voting reports of the Sessions Parliament and working bodies• Notifications for deadlines, new sessions, new acts in process through solution interface, email, SMS• Key Performance Indicators and scorecards• System generated documents based on templates• Workflow for approval of materials• Parliament TV on the net• Searchable video and audio archive
    3. 3. Win-win examples
    4. 4. e-democracy 2010 1 Annual meeting to enhance dialogue 2 Regional WB e- knowledge network 3 Share 4 Collaborate 5 Acting 4
    5. 5. 2011Crossroad
    6. 6. • The most powerful weapon on earth is public opinion - never forget that Paul Crouser
    7. 7. e-Government Vs. e-Democracyo e-Government  Operate more Efficiently (copyng from private sector)o e-Democracy  elected officials more accountable to the public  Increase chance for re-election
    8. 8. International Day of Democracy 2011What do citizens expect from their parliament?
    9. 9. International Day of Democracy 2011 What do citizens expect from their parliament?How many hours per week do you spend working with citizens
    10. 10. The Internet is only an instrument andthat the instrument cannot replacecontent.mobility, interoperability andconnectivity for MEPs in theirdaily work
    11. 11. The European eGovernment Action Plan 2011-2015Harnessing ICT to promote smart, sustainable &innovative GovernmentDevelop services that involve stakeholders in public debatesDecision-making processes building on pilots anddemonstrationGreen parliament
    12. 12. From the almost “traditional” citizen inputsolutions to the more interactive andpopular social networking media…
    13. 13. Citizen connect
    14. 14. Parliamentary Video channel
    15. 15. E-Parliament services• Parliament-to-Parliament (P2P) – EU harmonization process / EU related information – Joint committee meetings (energy, environment)• Parliament-to-Members of Parliament (P2MP) – Parliament of The Republic of Macedonia• Citizens-to-Parliament (C2P)• Parliament-to-Citizen (P2C)• Parliament -to- Media (P2M) – Hotline-Newsdesk (European parliament)
    16. 16. E-Parliament services Citizens-to-Parliament (C2P)  MySociety  Hear from Your MP  They work for You Parliament-to-Citizen (P2C)  e-Petition
    17. 17. Strategic planning for e-Parliament services (www.jedem.org)
    18. 18. Strategic planning for e-Parliament services PEST&SWOT analysis  Further implementation of an e-service E-readiness  Countrys ICT infrastructure, ability Inter-parliamentary cooperation  Exchange of know-how to save time Attraction of citizens (through Social Network Sites)  SNS from entertainment to lawmaking
    19. 19. Conclusion  Committee network  Ohrid lake  Competition / Awards  Parliaments  Business community
    20. 20. If you cant make it good, at least make it look good. Bill Gates
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