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Economics Assignment Help

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Economics or Economic Theory is the study of the governing dynamics of the phenomena involving the monetary nature of the transactions between the state and its subjects. Economics is widely perceived …

Economics or Economic Theory is the study of the governing dynamics of the phenomena involving the monetary nature of the transactions between the state and its subjects. Economics is widely perceived as a humanities subject, but growing strides in technology combined with the assimilation of mathematical concepts through finance and derivatives trading have made Economics a versatile subject. Thus, students seeking assistance towards successfully completing their Economics Homework Help, Economics Assignment Help, Economics Project Help, Economics Term Paper Help and Economics Dissertation Help require the tutor to be an expert with experience in being able to apply multiple concepts.
In keeping with our motto, e-Assignmenthelp is committed to the cause of providing students with quality academic counseling, which in this case includes but is not limited to assistance by Economics experts, Economics assignment tutors and Economics homework tutors from diverse academic backgrounds and well-experienced in Economics Homework Help, Economics Assignment Help, Economics Project Paper Help and Economics Exam Preparation Help. In addition to this, the Economics Tutors team at e-Assignmenthelp are established academicians, along with Economics Solvers and Helpers in order to provide you with high quality Undergraduate Economics Assignment Help and Graduate Economics Assignment Help. e-Assignmenthelp believes in providing you elegant solutions for any complex problem, with due emphasis on quality and interactive assessment of the students’ needs. Apart from College Economics Homework Help and University Economics Homework Help, e-Assignmenthelp also has an Online Economics tutoring with programme, targeted towards meeting the requirements of high school, undergraduate, graduate and Phd level students
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  • 1. Economics Tutorial Help e-Assignmenthelp
  • 2. Topic: Understanding Deficit and Depreciation Problem Statement: 1. Write short notes on deficit and depreciation. 2. Explore the relation between them in the context of a growing economy. 3. List out the methods used to quantitatively measure deficit and depreciation. What are the different kinds of deficit? © e-Assignmenthelp, 2014
  • 3. Types of Deficit: Revenue Deficit Revenue Deficits = Revenue Expenditure – Revenue Receipts Revenue Expenditures: Interest Payments Non-Interest Payments Subsidies; Relief; Pensions; Social services; Non-plan revenue grants to states and UTs; Grants to foreign governments; Defense expenditure on revenue account; Other general services Revenue Receipts: Tax Revenue Non-Tax Revenue Interest receipts; Dividends; Profits; Grants
  • 4. Types of Deficit: Capital Deficit  Deficit on Capital Account = Capital Expenditure – Capital Receipts Capital Expenditure Plan Capital Expenditure Central plan; Central assistance to plan of states and the UTs Non-Plan Capital Expenditure Defense expenditure and other non-plan outlay on capital account; Loans to public sector enterprises, states and UTs, foreign governments and others Capital Receipts Recoveries; Borrowings; Other capital receipts (e.g., sale of government assets)
  • 5. Types of Deficit: At a glance  Budget Deficit = Revenue Deficit+ Deficit on Capital Account = Total Expenditure – Total Receipts  Gross Fiscal Deficit = Total Expenditure – (Revenue Receipts + Recoveries + Sale of Public Assets)  Net Fiscal Deficit = Gross Fiscal Deficit – (Loans and Advances – Recoveries of Loans)  Gross Primary Deficit = Gross Fiscal Deficit – Interest Payment  Net Primary Deficit = Net Fiscal Deficit – Net Interest Payments
  • 6. What is depreciation ? • Depreciation is a decrease in the value of a fixed (capital) asset (a piece of equipment, a building, a vehicle, etc.) over the time that the asset is being used. • Events that can cause assets to depreciate include wear and tear, usage, age, deterioration, obsolescence (change in technology) and accidents.
  • 7. What is depreciation? (Contd.) • Measuring the loss in value of an asset is known as depreciation. • The International Accounting Committee defines depreciation as follows: Depreciation is the allocation of the depreciable amount of an asset over its estimated useful life. Useful life is the period over which a depreciable asset is expected to be used by the enterprise.
  • 8. What Can Depreciate? • Vehicles • Office furniture • Office equipment • Buildings you own • Machinery you use to manufacture products What Can’t Depreciate: • Land, Inventory
  • 9. Depreciation Methods: Four basic methods exist for computing depreciation: • Straight-line • Units of production • Double Declining balance • Sum-of-the-years digits.
  • 10. Straight-line Method • The initial cost of the asset • Residual value ( if any) • Estimated useful life. Straight line depreciation per year = (Cost – Residual Value)/ Useful life in years. * Equal amounts of depreciation
  • 11. Units of production Method • A fixed amount of depreciation is assigned to each unit of output produced by plant asset. Units-of-production depreciation (UOP) per unit of output = ( Cost - Residual Value)/ Useful life in units.
  • 12. Double Declining balance- accelerated depreciation methods. • Writes off relatively larger amount of the asset’s cost in the early years of its useful life (1) the asset’s residual value is ignored initially . In the first year, depreciation is computed on the asset’s full cost. (2) The final year’s calculation is changed in order to bring the asset’s book value to the residual value.
  • 13. • Depreciable amount is calculated by multiplying the depreciable cost of the asset by a fraction. SYD depreciation per year = ( cost – Residual value) * Years digits(largest first)/ Sum of no. of years. Sum-of-the-years digits.
  • 14. Where does depreciation get reflected? Balance Sheet: • The annual depreciation is a non cash expense which is deducted from the gross profit or, cash flow from operation. This amount is shown in the P/L account of a company while the accumulated depreciation is shown in the B/S of a company • For income tax purpose, most companies use accelerated depreciation method as it reduces the tax payable compared to straight line method.
  • 15. Depreciation in the context of financial statements Balance Sheet: Snap shot in time of a company's overall worth. It includes assets, liabilities, and owners’ or stockholders’ equity. Gross Block-Acc. Depreciation = Net Block Profit & Loss Account: Transactions over the year. PBDIT-Interest=PBDT PBDT-Depreciation=PBT