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FAMILY COMPETENCE AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN RELATION TO INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SCHEME
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FAMILY COMPETENCE AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN RELATION TO INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SCHEME

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FAMILY COMPETENCE AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN RELATION TO INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SCHEME

FAMILY COMPETENCE AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN RELATION TO INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SCHEME

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  • 1. FAMILY COMPETENCE AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN RELATION TO INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SCHEME Dr.K.Shanmugavelayutham Convenor, TN-FORCES
  • 2. Importance of Family Competence
    • The family is the fundamental instrumental foundation of the larger social structure in that all other institutions depend on its contributions.
    • Family Competence comprise knowledge, attitudes, values and skills that work towards enhancing family functioning, opportunities to development and health of individual family members, egalitarian family norms are the basis of strong family ecology.
  • 3. Social Development
    • As per Billance (1997) “Social Development is the promotion of a sustainable society that is worthy of human dignity by empowering marginalised groups, women and men, to undertake their own development, to improve their social and economic position and to acquire their rightful place in society…..”
  • 4. Three Components of Social Development
    • 1.The Fight against Poverty
    • 2. Development by people themselves
    • 3. A Rightful place in society
    • Three Fields of Operation (within Social Development)
    • 1. Basic Services
    • 2. Means of Existence
    • 3. Human Rights and Democratic Domain
  • 5. Elements in the Framework
    • People
    • Their assets and capabilities
    • The institutions and organizations
    • Social Development’s theory of social change Two key definitions
    • Empowerment
    • Social inclusion.
  • 6. Family Competence and Social Development
    • Linkage between family competence and social development.
    • The family competence contributes to the social development.
    • There are three levels of social development namely micro, meso and macro.
    • Relationship and interaction between these levels
  • 7. Social Development programmes
    • Relation between the State and the family is not so simplistic
    • Different states have different types of relationships with the family.
    • The Constitution of India does not make an explicit reference to the family.
  • 8. Integrated Child Development Scheme
    • Objectives
    • (i) improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years;
    • (ii) lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child;
    • (iii) reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout
  • 9. ICDS -objectives
    • (iv) achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development;
    • (v) enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.
  • 10. Six services
    • 1) Immunization;
    • (2) Health check-up;
    • (3) Referral services;
    • (4) Supplementary nutrition;
    • (5) Non-formal pre-school education; and
    • (6) Nutrition and health education.
  • 11. Critical Analysis of ICDS
    • Life-cycle approach
    • From pregnancy through age two by giving priority attention to children under two,
    • Mothers during pregnancy
    • Lactation and adolescent girls;
  • 12. The Family’ in the Social Development policies
    • National Plan of Action for Children 2005
    • Empowering families for shared parenting and nurturing responsive childcare.
    • Providing nutrition security for the family with special attention to children’s access to adequate nutrition.
  • 13. National Plan of Action, 2005 contd..
    • Strengthening of family and family based system to enable care and protection of children with disability, including creating awareness and a positive view of children with disability through campaign by the National Trust and its centre.
    • Providing infrastructure facilities and supporting non- governmental organizations for maintaining destitute and orphan children with a view to rehabilitate them through in- country adoptions, thereby providing a family environment for the child.
  • 14. Families Strengthening Program
    • Parenting program for high-risk and regular families
    • Evidence-based family skills training program found to significantly reduce child abuse (physical and sexual), problem behaviors and delinquency in Children and to improve social and behavioural competencies and school performance
  • 15. Family in Social Development Programme
    • In India’s major explicit family policy with an explicit goal for the family is the Family Welfare Programme
    • Different Ministries and Different Departments
    • Awareness of the Government programmes
  • 16. Professional Social Work Practice
    • Three key elements:
    • (1) an emphasis on strengths, not deficits
    • (2) promoting family choice and control over desired resources and
    • (3) the development of a collaborative relationship between parents and professionals
  • 17. Models of Social Work Practice
    • Professionally-centred model
    • Family-allied model
    • Family-focused model
    • Family-centred model
  • 18. Thank You