Disability Demystified: A Self Transformation A brief journey of the Disability Movement
1.Traditional Model 2.Medical & Charity Model 3.Social Model 4.Human Rights Model. Models in the Disability Movement Page 13
Traditional Model Disabled People were under the spell of witchcraft, as penitent sinners, or disability is viewed as a punishment from God for the wrong doing by themselves or their parents .
Social Isolation Page 14 Families believed that they could not include the disabled person – in social occasions & gatherings and are definitely dependent on them.
Medical & Charity Model Focuses on what is wrong with the person Can’t walk Can’t read or write Requires Medical Intervention Needs Therapy Requires Sheltered Home Can’t Work Special Schools, Special vans and Rehabilitation and Passive beneficiaries of Charity
Social Model Focus is on who the Person is. Disabled People started believing that they should be seen as contributing members of the Society. Wants to own a Business Enjoy Sport Loves to be with Friends. Am an Active Member of the Society Page 15
People have no expectations from a person with disability. They need to be “Super Heroes “ or “Super Crippled”, not allowed to be an ordinary Person Attitude of society towards disabled people
Attitude of Disabled People Page 16 TEACH ME SKILLS DON’T TREAT MY ILLS
Human Rights Model No requests. Its our Right to be Included. Inclusion in Sports Inclusion in Employment Right to Access Thought to be Shared
Attitude of the Rehabilitation Professionals Perfectionist Doesn’t care about what the Disabled Person feel. Don’t believe that Disabled Person can find his/her own way of DOING THINGS. Rehabilitation Professional can only view the disability of a Person Page 17
Myth: People with disability have a poor quality of life.
Fact: This is one of the most common and damaging stereotypes, because it discourages social interactions and the development of mature relationships. Society handicaps individuals by building inaccessible schools, theatres, homes , buses etc. the attitude that disability is a bad thing and that disability means poor quality of life is often viewed as more disabling than the disability itself.
Myth: People with severe disabilities need to live in nursing homes or rehabilitation hospitals or under constant supervision so that they do not hurt themselves.
Fact: Unfortunately, this myth has created a system of long term care in our mind that relies on institutions such as nursing homes and other facilities. Even those with most severe disabilities could live in their own home given adequate community based service, and at the very least, they should be given that choice.
Myth: People with disabilities feel more comfortable around other people with disabilities.
Fact: This myth may have arisen from the many years of segregated learning and living environments. Years ago it was common to see people with disabilities grouped together. This is no longer the case.
Myth: People with disabilities have problems getting around.
Fact: People with disabilities know what they need to get from point A to B and may use a walker, wheelchair, bus or carpool to get there. Problems only arise when architectural or attitudinal barriers get in the way.
Myth: People with disabilities are usually very sedate and unable to participate in recreational activities.
Fact: People with disabilities lead diverse lives and take part in any sport or hobby you can think of including mountain climbing, kayaking, dancing, horseback riding, scuba diving, racing, snow skiing and skydiving.
Physically/Mentally/visually challenged are terms used by non-disabled, but does not make sense to disabled persons. Saying for example physically challenged is to state that the obstacles to one’s participation are physical and not social and the barrier is one’s own disability.
Suffering from this confuses disability with illness and also implies that a disability may be a personal burden. Increasingly, disabled people view their disability as a positive rather than a negative experience.
The blind calling everyone together in this way is felt by many to take away their individuality. The most appropriate term to use here is ‘people with visual impairments’ or ‘blind people’.
Victim of this again plays to a sense that disability is somehow a tragedy.
Cripple or crippled by use the term ‘the person has….’.
Wheelchair bound disabled people are not tied into their wheelchairs. A wheelchair offers the freedom to move around and is a valuable tool.
‘ Deaf and dumb’ this phrase is demeaning and inaccurate. Many deaf people use sign language to communicate and dumb people implies that someone is stupid. Use ‘a person with hearing impairment’ or ‘sign language user’.
‘ The disabled’ there is no such thing as disabled. Use the term ‘disabled persons’.
‘ People with disabilities’ the term ‘disabled people’ is the preferred term within the social model of disability. ‘People with disabilities’ suggests that the disability ‘belongs’ to the disabled person, rather than ‘disabled person’ which accurately infers that society disables the individual, thus adopting the social model of disability.