Kiran Thampi


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Kiran Thampi

  1. 1. DYUTI Right to Life Prepared by Kiran Thampi & Fr.Saju M D
  2. 2. MGREGA ? Objective To enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household  
  3. 3. MGREGA : A Success Story Social development through Good governance ensured through people’s participation, transparency and accountability through the Govt scheme. MGREGS is a live example for this.
  4. 4. PARADIGM SHIFT FROM WEPs <ul><li>A statutory guarantee of wage employment. </li></ul><ul><li>A rights-based framework for wage employment </li></ul><ul><li>A 15 day time limit for fulfilling the legal guarantee of providing employment </li></ul><ul><li>The Act is designed to offer an incentive structure to the States for providing employment as ninety percent of the cost for employment provided is borne by the Central Government </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Continue.. </li></ul><ul><li>MGREGS is demand driven </li></ul><ul><li>Public delivery system has been made accountable </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory Social Audit </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Social Audit –an innovation at Nedumkandam Block Panchayat, Idukki Dist, Kerala </li></ul><ul><li>11 th October- 25 th October 2008 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Social Audit – a scope for intervention in MGREGA <ul><li>Social audit is a way of measuring, understanding, reporting and ultimately improving situation </li></ul><ul><li>Develops human resources and social capital </li></ul><ul><li>Social Audit is seen as an effective mechanism to ensure good governance in Local Government Level by enhancing accountability and transparency in local bodies. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Social Audit Process <ul><li>Training and induction </li></ul><ul><li>Group Discussion & Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Data collection from various departments </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Data collection from the beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement and verification </li></ul><ul><li>Compiling the reports </li></ul><ul><li>Drafting and correction of the reports </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation of the reports before committee clarifications </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation of the report in the public meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Drafting the final report </li></ul>
  9. 9. Effectiveness of social audit from the review study <ul><li>Employment opportunities to women increased by 76% </li></ul><ul><li>Eighty seven percent of respondents reported that accountability of the Block Panchayat office staff to the public has been increased after the Social Audit </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency of the Block Panchayat office in terms of time taken to do things and file movement has been much better after Social Audit( 71%) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Audit helped to enhance the decision making process of Gram Sabha (79%), it could reduce the political interference in the selection of beneficiaries </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Seventy Nine percent of respondents opined that social audit has improved the performance of the panchayat and block panchayat members </li></ul><ul><li>All the respondents fully agreed that social audit helped to reduce the misappropriation of the funds, position and procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Vast majority(96 %) of respondents recommended that social audit should be done in all the three tiers of local self governments and other government institutions </li></ul>
  11. 11. MGREGA : Gaps <ul><li>Lack of clarity among the authorities and people about the objectives and goals of MGREGA </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequacy and substandard assets </li></ul><ul><li>Works were not selected on the needs and priorities of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>The money is transferred and withdrawn without the knowledge of the account holders. </li></ul><ul><li>Issue of the job cards and its possession </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Not spending allocated money for medicines, drinking water and other facilities for the MGREGS workers </li></ul><ul><li>Registration book was incomplete and delay in payment of wages was noted </li></ul><ul><li>Muster rolls were not maintained properly. </li></ul><ul><li>Although the works were not carried out, the sanctioned funds were shown in the records as having been utilized. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of the target of 100 man-days of employment for families below the poverty line (BPL), only average of 53 days of work were generated. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Feedback given with creative corrections To primary stake holders To the officials To the LSG members Social Audit review after 6 months MGREGA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Good governance Different Schemes Eg-MGREGA for employment security Social Audit as a tool to ensure effective implementation <ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>Social Audit should be a monitoring mechanism to ensure proper employment opportunities </li></ul>