DYUTI Right to Life Prepared by Kiran Thampi & Fr.Saju M D
MGREGA ? Objective To enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household
MGREGA : A Success Story Social development through Good governance ensured through people’s participation, transparency and accountability through the Govt scheme. MGREGS is a live example for this.
PARADIGM SHIFT FROM WEPs
A statutory guarantee of wage employment.
A rights-based framework for wage employment
A 15 day time limit for fulfilling the legal guarantee of providing employment
The Act is designed to offer an incentive structure to the States for providing employment as ninety percent of the cost for employment provided is borne by the Central Government
MGREGS is demand driven
Public delivery system has been made accountable
Statutory Social Audit
Social Audit –an innovation at Nedumkandam Block Panchayat, Idukki Dist, Kerala
11 th October- 25 th October 2008
Social Audit – a scope for intervention in MGREGA
Social audit is a way of measuring, understanding, reporting and ultimately improving situation
Develops human resources and social capital
Social Audit is seen as an effective mechanism to ensure good governance in Local Government Level by enhancing accountability and transparency in local bodies.
Social Audit Process
Training and induction
Group Discussion & Brainstorming
Secondary Data collection from various departments
Primary Data collection from the beneficiaries
Measurement and verification
Compiling the reports
Drafting and correction of the reports
Presentation of the reports before committee clarifications
Presentation of the report in the public meeting
Drafting the final report
Effectiveness of social audit from the review study
Employment opportunities to women increased by 76%
Eighty seven percent of respondents reported that accountability of the Block Panchayat office staff to the public has been increased after the Social Audit
Efficiency of the Block Panchayat office in terms of time taken to do things and file movement has been much better after Social Audit( 71%)
Social Audit helped to enhance the decision making process of Gram Sabha (79%), it could reduce the political interference in the selection of beneficiaries
Seventy Nine percent of respondents opined that social audit has improved the performance of the panchayat and block panchayat members
All the respondents fully agreed that social audit helped to reduce the misappropriation of the funds, position and procedures
Vast majority(96 %) of respondents recommended that social audit should be done in all the three tiers of local self governments and other government institutions
MGREGA : Gaps
Lack of clarity among the authorities and people about the objectives and goals of MGREGA
Inadequacy and substandard assets
Works were not selected on the needs and priorities of the people.
The money is transferred and withdrawn without the knowledge of the account holders.
Issue of the job cards and its possession
Not spending allocated money for medicines, drinking water and other facilities for the MGREGS workers
Registration book was incomplete and delay in payment of wages was noted
Muster rolls were not maintained properly.
Although the works were not carried out, the sanctioned funds were shown in the records as having been utilized.
Instead of the target of 100 man-days of employment for families below the poverty line (BPL), only average of 53 days of work were generated.
Feedback given with creative corrections To primary stake holders To the officials To the LSG members Social Audit review after 6 months MGREGA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Good governance Different Schemes Eg-MGREGA for employment security Social Audit as a tool to ensure effective implementation
Social Audit should be a monitoring mechanism to ensure proper employment opportunities