Family & Community Based Services For The Elderly

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Family & Community Based Services For The Elderly

  1. 1. M.P.Antoni RAJAGIRI outREACH, Rajagiri College of Social Sciences, Kalamassery Gray Revolution – Fast Growing number of Elderly Population Result (Demand for) Maintanace Accommodation Health Service Social Security Psychological Support ANSWER
  2. 2. Demographic Trend in India By 2000 – Age 60 + (Elderly) – 76 Million <ul><li>Aged female out numbers the aged male </li></ul><ul><li>Old age dependency is higher in rural area </li></ul><ul><li>Work participation rate (WWR) 39% in rural </li></ul><ul><li>areas & 21% in urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>6% are immobile due to various disabling </li></ul><ul><li>reasons </li></ul>78 % Live in Rural Areas 22 % Live in Rural Areas
  3. 3. POLICIES <ul><li>United Nations Principles for Older Persons – UN </li></ul><ul><li>National Policy on Older Persons (NPOP) - India </li></ul>Problems / Needs/Issues Physical: Arising from declining health and mental faculties, illness and infirmity, which restricts mobility and self-reliance. Psycho-social : Arising from declining role and status, even within family-feelings of loneliness and of being unwanted. Recreational: Arising from grossly reduced participation in social, religious, ceremonies and social occasions. Financial: Arising from loss of income due to incapacity or greatly reduced capacity to earn especially with little or no savings. Security Issues
  4. 4. SERVICES AVAILABLE <ul><li>Institutional & Non- Institutional </li></ul>Institutional <ul><li>Old Age Homes (High Demand but not senior friendly) </li></ul><ul><li>Hospice (Terminally ill & Dying Citizens) </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitals ( Geriatric Hospitals & Hospitals with Geriatric Departments) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Non – Institutional Day Care Centre Adult Foster Care Counselling & Helplines Sponsorship Home Helpers / Home Nurses Family Assistance & Meals on Wheel Night Shelter Senior Citizens Health Centre/ Day Hospital & Mobile Clinic
  6. 6. Future Directions <ul><li>Inter sectoral collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Government & NGO Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Insurance Schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness Creation among Public </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of Support Group </li></ul><ul><li>Geriatric Health Camps </li></ul><ul><li>Self Help Group of Senors </li></ul><ul><li>Geriatric Social Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Research & Development Centres </li></ul><ul><li>Revised Policies & Programmes by Governemtns & NGOs </li></ul>

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