DYUTI DISPLACEMENT “ Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” - John Rawls
Displacement can be defined as the forcing of communities and individuals out of their homes, often also their homelands, for the purpose of economic development.
When, it comes for a developmental activity, it is termed as Development induced Displacement
In the International level, it is considered as a violation of human rights. Throughout the history of mankind, societies have tried to balance between Individual Rights and Power of State.
In India, mostly displacement occurs due to the land acquisition for development. Displacement is often regarded as unavoidable corollary of development.
WHERE ARE THE RIGHTS?????
Right to Security
Right to Survival
Right to Property
Right to Home
Right against Exploitation
the global population of concern to UNHCR was estimated at 21.0 million persons, including 8.7 million refugees;
1.1 million refugees who had repatriated during 2005;
6.6 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) protected/assisted;
519,000 IDPs who had returned to their place of origin in 2005;
some 2.4 million stateless persons;
960,000 Others of concern.
SOME OF THE MAJOR PROJECTS IN INDIA RELATED TO DISPLACEMENT
Kerala State Transport Project(KSTP)
Migrant Laborers Issues
Narmada Valley Development project
Expansion of Trivandrum airport
National Highway project-Orissa
Tribals displaced due to extremists activities by Maoists (New Delhi)
‘ Tata Nano’ Manufacturing Unit, Singur, West Bengal
POLICIES AND SCHEMES BY THE STATE
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
(The only legislation pertaining to land acquisition currently in place is the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (“The Act”) which, though amended several times retains its colonial flavor by granting an unfettered powers to the Government.)