Dyuti Displacement

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Dyuti Displacement

  1. 1. DISPLACEMENT: DEVELOPMENT OR DENIAL OF LIFE???
  2. 2. DYUTI DISPLACEMENT “ Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” - John Rawls
  3. 3. <ul><li>Displacement can be defined as the forcing of communities and individuals out of their homes, often also their homelands, for the purpose of economic development. </li></ul><ul><li>When, it comes for a developmental activity, it is termed as Development induced Displacement </li></ul><ul><li>In the International level, it is considered as a violation of human rights. Throughout the history of mankind, societies have tried to balance between Individual Rights and Power of State. </li></ul><ul><li>In India, mostly displacement occurs due to the land acquisition for development. Displacement is often regarded as unavoidable corollary of development. </li></ul>
  4. 4. WHERE ARE THE RIGHTS????? <ul><li>Right to Security </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Survival </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Property </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Home </li></ul><ul><li>Right against Exploitation </li></ul>
  5. 5. STATISTICAL DATA <ul><li>the global population of concern to UNHCR was estimated at 21.0 million persons, including 8.7 million refugees; </li></ul><ul><li>773,000 asylum-seekers; </li></ul><ul><li>1.1 million refugees who had repatriated during 2005; </li></ul><ul><li>6.6 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) protected/assisted; </li></ul><ul><li>519,000 IDPs who had returned to their place of origin in 2005; </li></ul><ul><li>some 2.4 million stateless persons; </li></ul><ul><li>960,000 Others of concern. </li></ul>
  6. 6. SOME OF THE MAJOR PROJECTS IN INDIA RELATED TO DISPLACEMENT <ul><li>Kerala State Transport Project(KSTP) </li></ul><ul><li>Migrant Laborers Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Narmada Valley Development project </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of Trivandrum airport </li></ul><ul><li>Muthanga Eviction </li></ul><ul><li>National Highway project-Orissa </li></ul><ul><li>Tribals displaced due to extremists activities by Maoists (New Delhi) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Tata Nano’ Manufacturing Unit, Singur, West Bengal </li></ul>
  7. 7. POLICIES AND SCHEMES BY THE STATE <ul><li>Land Acquisition Act, 1894 </li></ul><ul><li>(The only legislation pertaining to land acquisition currently in place is the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (“The Act”) which, though amended several times retains its colonial flavor by granting an unfettered powers to the Government.) </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>IDMC (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre-1998) </li></ul><ul><li>IAY (Indira Aawaz Yojana) </li></ul><ul><li>National Urban Housing and habitat Policy </li></ul>
  8. 8. SCHEMES…… BUT THEN WHY??? <ul><li>Too wide a definition of “Public Purpose”…. Are the people being used for Public? </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty in rehabilitation caused by case-by-case approach </li></ul><ul><li>Arbitrary and only monetary compensation… is it just? </li></ul><ul><li>No provision for compulsory Social Impact Assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-recognition of indigenous rights. Is the government for our people? </li></ul>
  9. 9. PROBLEMS SEEN…… WHY DO WE SEE THIS WHEN WE HAVE THE SCHEMES???? <ul><ul><li>Cultural genocide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of traditional means of employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disrupted community life and relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marginalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological trauma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deprivation of basic needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor becoming poorer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impoverishment and dissatisfaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of productive assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insecurity </li></ul></ul>

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