Ashraya
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  • 1. EFFECTIVENESS OF ASHRAYA IN ADDRESSIONG ABSOLUTE POVERTY
    • STATE INTERVENTION :
  • 2. REALITY…
    • India- 134 th out of 182 countries with the HDI value 0.612.
    • The Human Poverty Index rank 62 nd out of 108 developing countries.
    • About 170.1 million rural population and 49.6 million of the urban are victims of severe poverty.
    • 16 people per 1000 in rural areas and 3 per 1000 in urban centers are affected by seasonal hunger.
    • In Kerala, BPL - around 25 percent of the total population. Scheduled Castes -19%
    • Scheduled Tribes -3%.
    • BPL families in Ernakulum District -215298.
  • 3. ASHRAYA… for the Rights of Destitutes To Live.
    • Destitute Identification, Rehabilitation and Monitoring Programme.
    • Introduced in 2003.
    • Under the Poverty Alleviation Department.
    • Through Kudumbashree.
    • Enhance access to basic necessities and opportunities.
    • Make people self reliant.
    • 60,532 families so far.
  • 4. METHODOLOGY
    • STUDY- Descriptive.
    • MULTI STAGE RANDOM SAMPLING
    • UNIVERSE – Ashraya Beneficiaries of Ernakulam District.
    • UNIT- Ashraya beneficiary of panchayat where the programme has been carried out for more than 3 years..
    • WARDS AND BENEFICIARIES - Lottery Method
    • SAMPLE SIZE- 70
  • 5.
    • 75% of the beneficiaries reside in rural areas
    • 5% urban
    • 10 % in slums and 5% have no place to live in.
  • 6. LEVELS OF POVERTY
    • 48% BPL
    • 35% APL.
    • 15% AAY.
  • 7. MONTHLY INCOME
    • 38% earn less than 1000/ month.
  • 8. RATE OF SELF EMPLOYMENT
    • Only 30% is self employed.
  • 9. DROP OUT RATE
    • 24% Drop out rate
    • 14% is due to economic distress.
  • 10.
    • INTERVENTION MODEL
    • Provide awareness at the grassroot level on the purpose of Ashraya, the procedures through which the beneficiaries must go to make best use of it.
    • Create goodwill among the panchayat authorities
    • Ensure maximum participation in gramasabha and there by in decision making.
    • Conduct timely evaluation, half yearly survey and a social audit every 2 years…
  • 11.
    • THANK YOU…