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  1. 1. Emotions and Moods Presented by Dinesh Kumar. J Nishtha Aggarwal Amber Yadav Upen Singh Tomar Ashish Mohan
  2. 2. Emotions <ul><li># Emotions are reaction to a person or event. </li></ul><ul><li># Emotions are intense feeling that are directed on someone or something. </li></ul><ul><li># Emotions are more fleeting than moods. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristics of Emotions <ul><li>1) Caused by specific event. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Very brief in duration. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Specific and numerous in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Usually accompanied by distinct facial expressions. </li></ul><ul><li>5) Action oriented in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>6) Emotions are never neutral. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Emotions <ul><li>There are 18 most commonly seen and experienced emotions. They are, </li></ul><ul><li>1-anger 10-disappointment </li></ul><ul><li>2-contempt 11-embarrassment </li></ul><ul><li>3-enthusiasm 12-disgust </li></ul><ul><li>4-envy 13-happiness </li></ul><ul><li>5-fear 14- hate </li></ul><ul><li>6-frustration 15-jealousy </li></ul><ul><li>7-joy 16-love </li></ul><ul><li>8-pride 17-pride </li></ul><ul><li>9-surprise 18-sadness </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Universally researchers and psychologists and philosophers have identified six “simple and primitive emotions” which are, </li></ul><ul><li>1-Anger </li></ul><ul><li>2-Fear </li></ul><ul><li>3-Happiness </li></ul><ul><li>4-Disgust </li></ul><ul><li>5-Surprise </li></ul><ul><li>6-Sadness </li></ul><ul><li>And they concluded that all the other emotions will somehow fall into these six significant emotions. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Differentiation between Affect, Mood and Emotion <ul><li>Affect : A broad term used to describe the range of feelings that people experience. It encompasses/comprises of emotions and moods </li></ul><ul><li>Emotions : Intense feelings that are directed at something or someone. </li></ul><ul><li>Moods : Feelings that tend to be less intense than emotions and that lack a contextual stimulus. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Characteristics of Mood <ul><li>1) Cause is often general and unclear. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Lasts longer than emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>3) More general and not too specific. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Generally not indicated by distinct facial expressions. </li></ul><ul><li>5) Cognitive in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>6) Moods may be neutral. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Relationship between emotions and moods <ul><li>+ Emotions and moods are mutually influenced by each other. </li></ul><ul><li>+ Emotions can turn into moods when you lose focus on the event or object that started that feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>+ Similarly, good or bad moods can make you more emotional in response to an event. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Basic types of moods <ul><li>Generally moods are classified into two types – positive affect and the negative affect. </li></ul><ul><li>Positive affect : </li></ul><ul><li>- excitement, self-assurance, cheerfulness in the high end. </li></ul><ul><li>- boredom, sluggishness, tiredness at the low end. </li></ul><ul><li>Negative affect : </li></ul><ul><li>- nervousness, stress, anxiety at the high end </li></ul><ul><li>- relaxation, tranquility and poise at the low end </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other significant points on moods and emotions <ul><li># Positive emotions turn into positive moods and similarly, negative emotions turn into negative moods. </li></ul><ul><li># Positive offset: </li></ul><ul><li>The tendency of most individuals to experience a mildly positive mood at zero input(when nothing in particular is going on) </li></ul><ul><li>This may also appear at work places </li></ul>
  11. 11. Structure of moods
  12. 12. Contd., <ul><li># Negative emotions can be transferred as driving forces if they do not turn into negative moods. </li></ul><ul><li>The 'oracle' case about revenge in the book (pg-249) explains this. </li></ul><ul><li># Emotions developed over a period of time help humans to solve problems- Charles Darwin. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Disgust-avoids dangerous/harmful things </li></ul><ul><li>Excitement-motivation for energy </li></ul>
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