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Parts of speech

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  • 1. DELL YOUTH LEARNING IMPLEMENTED BY LEARNING LINKS FOUNDATION 1 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 2. www.learninglinksindia.org
  • 3. PARTS OF SPEECH The 8 “building blocks” of the English language… DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 4. NOUN 1. Person, place, thing or idea: “what or who” 2. Nouns are concrete like dogs and cars. 3. Or abstract like anger, liberty and friendship. 4. Common like desks, puppies and mother. 5. Or proper like Juanita, Radha, or India. 4 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 5. EXAMPLES • Radha is a pro-golfer • The dog was very sad. • The bakery has fresh cakes. • Love is a beautiful thing. 5 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 6. PRONOUN • A pronoun is a short word that takes the place of a Noun. Pronouns can be: Subjects : he or she Objects: him or her Possessive: his or hers Indefinite: nobody or all Demonstrative: this or those Important: Always be sure the pronoun has a clear referent! (If you use “they,” be sure the reader knows who “they” are.) DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 7. EXAMPLES Sita and I went to see movie. My uncle, who is an engineer, works at Sony. Whose book is on our desk? DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 8. VERB A verb is the action of the sentence. It shows what someone or something is doing. run 8 paint DELL YOUTH LEARNING Read
  • 9. EXAMPLES • Ram runs everyday. • Joe is painting the kitchen walls. 9 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 10. ADVERB An adverb is a descriptive word that tells more about a verb, an adjective or another adverb. • Adverbs tell how, where and when . “The most commonly used adverb in English is “very.” • Many adverbs end in “ly”: quickly, carefully, & slowly… 10 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 11. EXAMPLES He plays the flute beautifully.(after the object) He swims well, (after the main verb) He ate the chocolate cake greedily. 11 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 12. ADJECTIVE • Adjectives are descriptive words used to “modify” or tell more about Nouns • And pronouns… Presenting a blue car, a red car and a light brown car… 12 • Without colorful and precise adjectives, language would be pretty blah! DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 13. EXAMPLES • They live in a beautiful house. • He writes meaningless letters. • Ben is an adorable baby. • This glass is breakable. 13 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 14. PREPOSITION A preposition shows a position relationship between two or more nouns or pronouns. These are short words (on, in, to) that usually stand in front of nouns (sometimes also in front of gerund verbs). 14 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 15. EXAMPLES The relationship can be spatial: • “She walked through the door into the room.” Or in time, as in the sentence below: • “After the track meet, he was very tired.” 15 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 16. CONJUNCTION A conjunction is a word that joins words or word groups together. Some examples conjunctions are: and, but, or, nor, although, yet, so, either, and also. 16 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 17. EXAMPLES We ate pizza and drank coke for dinner. He was lazy, therefore, e failed. I played cards for awhile, but then I played chess. 17 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 18. INTERJECTION • An interjection is a word (or words) of shock or surprise. • It is usually used by itself and is followed by an exclamation point. Examples are: Wow!, Cool!, ouch, wow, uh oh, oh no, gosh, shhhh Awesome! and so on… 18 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 19. EXAMPLES Wow! That is a fine looking car. Hurray! It is a snow day and school is cancelled. Oh! I can’t believe how nice you look. Woops, I dropped the milk and it spilled. It is so exciting, my goodness, I just can’t believe it. 19 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 20. 20 www.learninglinksindia.org