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Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech
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Direct and indirect speech

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  • 1. Dell Youth Learning Implemented by Learning Links Foundation 1 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 2. www.learninglinksindia.org
  • 3. Meaning In English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/reported speech. Direct or quoted speech is a sentence (or several sentences) that reports speech or thought in its original form, as phrased by the original speaker. It is usually enclosed in quotation marks. Indirect/reported speech, on the other hand, does not have to be within quotes or reported word-to-word. In fact, unless one is relaying the exact words spoken, one should never use quotation marks. 3 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 4. Definition Direct or quoted speech is a sentence (or several sentences) that reports speech or thought in its original form, as phrased by the original speaker. It is usually enclosed in quotation marks. 4 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 5. Definition Indirect speech, also called reported speech or indirect discourse, is a means of expressing the content of statements, questions or other utterances, without quoting them explicitly as is done in direct speech. 5 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 6. Reporting speech: There are two ways of reporting what somebody says: •Direct speech •Indirect (or reported) speech. 6 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 7. Direct/Quoted Speech Here are some examples for Direct Speech : She said, “I won’t be coming home tonight” Note that in this type of speech, a comma is most often used before starting the exact quote within the inverter commas. 7 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 8. Indirect/Reported speech Here are some examples for Indirect/reported speech: She told us that she wouldn’t be coming home that night. The verb tense necessarily changes in reported speech. This is because when we report speech, we are talking, about something that was said in the past. 8 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 9. When using direct speech in your writing you need to use the correct punctuation. • The exact words spoken must be enclosed in speech marks. • The first word of the speech must begin with a capital letter. • The words in the speech marks must be separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma. • You must use a new line when a new speaker begins to speak. 9 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 10. Exercise Tense present simple present continuous past simple past continuous present perfect past perfect* will would* can could* shall should* might* must 10 Direct Speech “I like ice cream” “I am living in London” “I bought a car” “I was walking along the street” “I haven't seen Julie” “I had taken English lessons before” “I'll see you later” “I would help, but..” “I can speak perfect English” “I could swim when I was four” “I shall come later” “I should call my mother” "I might be late" "I must study at the weekend" DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 11. Exercise Tense present simple present continuous past simple past continuous present perfect past perfect* will would* can could* shall should* might* must 11 Reported Speech She said (that) she liked ice cream. She said she was living in London. She said she had bought a car OR She said she bought a car. She said she had been walking along the street. She said she hadn't seen Julie. She said she had taken English lessons before. She said she would see me later. She said she would help but... She said she could speak perfect English. She said she could swim when she was four. She said she would come later. She said she should call her mother She said she might be late She said she must study at the weekend OR She said she had to study at the weekend DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  • 12. 12 www.learninglinksindia.org

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