Who are the taliban
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Who are the taliban

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Humanities 20, slide notes on the Taliban organization

Humanities 20, slide notes on the Taliban organization

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Who are the taliban Who are the taliban Presentation Transcript

    • Who Are Our Troops Struggling Against in Our Efforts to Help Afghanistan?
    • Is this a fight
    • worth fighting?
    • Key Questions:
    • What is an insurgency?
    • Who are the Taliban?
    Part 2: Canada in Afghanistan – What Should Our Role Be?
  • Instructions: Who are the Taliban?
    • Fill in the following slides which ask questions about the Taliban in Afghanistan by clicking on the following Wikipedia link .
    • You will also be asked to find school appropriate photos to illustrate the information you will be asked to find. You will have to create hyperlinks to the pages where you found your photos.
    http://info-wars.org/2009/04/26/american-taxpayers-finance-the-taliban /
  • Who Are the Taliban?
    • Read the first paragraph on the Wikipedia page about the Taliban and then answer the following questions.
    • 1. What does the word Taliban actually mean?
      • It means “Students” in Arabic
    • 2. When did they form the government of Afghanistan and who forced them from power?
      • The taliban took power in 1996 via a civil war, and were removed from power by NATO forces in 2001
    • 3. Click on the links for the following concepts and then define them in your own words:
      • Insurgency
      • An ongoing rebellion fighting to overthrow or sabotage the dominant leadership
      • Guerilla War
      • An underground method of fighting involving hit-and-run, sabotage, ect, often used by armies with less resources than their enemies
    • 4. The Taliban as a social and political “movement” (group) is made up of “volunteers” from which Afghan tribe and people of what neighboring countries to Afghanistan?
      • Pakistanis, Central Asians and Arabs also were involved.
    • 5. Where does the US government believe that the Taliban’s headquarters is (city and country).
      • Quetta, Pakistan
    View slide
  • Taliban Leadership and Organization
    • 1. Who is considered by many as the current “leader” of the Taliban?
    • Mullah Mohammed Omar
    • 2. Follow the link to his page and then answer the following questions:
      • This man is on the US government’s most wanted list for what 3 activities?
        • He is believed to have protected Osama Bin Laden and other militants in the years prior to 9/11, as well as leading the Taliban insurgency
      • What is one of the only physical details really known about this man?
        • He is missing an eye
      • How did he get this physical feature?
        • Rumor has it that he was wounded by shrapnel, removed the eye and sewed the area shut.
    • Put a photo of the man here and then explain why it is not an easy process to do.
    View slide
  • Origins of the Taliban
    • Scroll down the main Taliban Wikipedia page until you find the heading Origins in order to answer the following questions:
    • What are the two competing stories about the creation of the Taliban?
      • They were allegedly formed when Mulla Omar mobilized students to save two girls who the local commander had kidnapped.
      • Otherwise, it is believed that he simply started a revolutionary group with a group of students
    • THINKING QUESTION:
      • Of the 2 stories a supporter would choose to believe which one?
      • The first, being the more flattering and heroic, would probably be believed
      • Of the 2 stories an opponent would probably choose to believe which one?
      • Because the second is more realistic and not exaggerated, opponents would sooner believe it
  • Taliban Treatment of Women
    • For the following slides please follow this link
      • Taliban Treatment of Women
      • Read the very first paragraph and then summarize the Taliban’s quotation about its reasons for harsh treatment of women below:
      • The Taliban belief was that women were to maintain rigid respectability and modesty so they could remain sanctified
    • Under the Gender Policies heading, summarize the 8 points about the treatment of women by the Taliban provided:
      • Women were to avoid anything that would distinguish them to men, including variations in dress, high heeled shoes and speaking loudly. They were also to avoid public appearance in any form (tv, pictures, events) as much as possible.
  • Dress Code and Mobility
    • 1. Scroll back up the page to find the definition of “mahram”.
      • A family member, husband, or inlaw
    • What are some other restrictions that women faced regarding moving around the cities and countryside in Afghanistan under the Taliban? (3)
    • -Forbidden from motorcycles or bicycles
    • -Separate busses from males
    • -Unable to travel alone by taxi
    • Why would an all girls’ orphanage be practically a prison under this system?
      • Without any ‘mahram’ to travel with, the occupants would be largely unable to go anywhere
    • Dress code stuff:
      • What is the name for the traditional outfit that women had to wear in Taliban Afghanistan?
        • The Burkha
      • What was the main reason for this strict control of women's’ dress?
        • It was intended to entirely protect their dignity and prevent them from attacting men
  • Employment and Education
    • Were women allowed to work at all under the Taliban rules (tricky question)?
      • With the exception of health care and humanitarian workers, women were not allowed to have any kind of employment
    • What industries were particularly hit hard by the Taliban’s work policies for women? Pick 2.
      • Education and the public sector both held many female employees prior to the Taliban policies, meaning that they suffered greatly from large gaps in the workforce.
    • Were women allowed to be educated under Taliban law? What age did they have to stop going to school?
    • Any women above the age of eight were not allowed to be educated.
    • Find the quote that illustrates that the Taliban actually thought that they had increased women’s rights in Afghanistan.
    • “ no other country has given women the rights we have given them. We have given women the rights that God and His Messenger have instructed, that is to stay in their homes and to gain religious instruction in hijab”.
  • Health Care and Forced Confinement
    • Give 2 reasons it was really tough for women to receive health care when the Taliban ruled Afghanistan.
      • They were banned from seeking treatment at general hospitals, which left only a single place in the capital that was permitted to help them.
      • It was required for them to be accompanied to the hospital by a mahram.
    • A study done in 1991 concluded that roughly what percentage of Afghan women they surveyed were showing signs of mental distress and depression?
      • 97%
    • Describe 3 other cultural prohibitions that were imposed on women or about women if Taliban ruled Afghanistan
      • -The word women was removed from the names of places
      • -Cosmetics were banned
      • -Women were not permitted to laugh loudly
  • Punishments for Breaking Taliban Laws
    • Read the information about the types of punishments women (and men) were subjected to in Afghanistan during the Taliban’s rule and summarize 2 extreme examples below:
      • -A woman suspected of murdering her husband, after being abused for years, was publically executed in a sports stadium
      • -A girl who had fled her forced family and been caught had her ears and nose cut off before being left for dead.
    • Who is the woman in the photo on this part of the web-page?
      • Zarmina
    • What is happening to her?
      • She is being publically executed
    • Where is it happening?
      • The Ghazi Sports Stadium
    • What crime is she accused of?
      • Murdering her husband while he slept
    • What happened to her for 3 years before this event?
      • She had been abused by her husband before then
    • What organization took the film this photo is a screenshot from?
      • The Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan
  • Women’s Resistance to the Taliban
    • Explain what the Golden Needle Sewing School was.
      • A school which secretly educated women under Taliban rule
    • How did women “sneak in” 2 details.
      • They would visit under the guise of legitimate sewing classes, concealing books and paper.
    • Why was the area that this school was in one of the most oppressed by the Taliban? 2 reasons.
      • It was mostly composed of Shi’a people, and a culturally strong city. Both of these were things the Taliban were against.
    • What is RAWA?
      • The Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan
    • Who was the founder of RAWA and what happened to her?
      • Meena Keshwar Kamal founded the organization, but was assassinated in 1987
    • What does RAWA work for? 3 main things.
      • -Equal human rights for women
      • -Progressive government
      • -International disarming
  • Now that you know …
    • Write a personal reaction on this slide (3-4 sentences) in which you express your opinion about the treatment of women in Afghanistan by the Taliban. How does it make you feel? Why?
      • The Taliban policies toward women were extremist and misogynistic. Some of the restrictions are almost understandable as parts of their religion and culture, but many are taken much too far, such as leaving them trapped in their homes without access to employment or health care. It is worse yet when one considers that these rules are being imposed by a minority ruling group. Also, the punishments are harsh and unofficial.
  • Do we …
    • As citizens of a country in which we are relatively free, safe, and equal do we have the responsibility to help places like Afghanistan become more like us? Why or why not? Explain your answer in 3 – 4 sentences.
      • To an extent, we do have a responsibility. However, there is a fine line between helping and imposing our own values. We are very quick to assume that all other people in the world want western, capitalist democracies. Also, we have a tendency to only offer such aid (at least on a significant level) when there are other reasons at play. For example, Afghanistan may be partially motivated by human rights and national development, but if it weren’t for the international mission following the Trade Center attacks, I doubt we would be doing much about it. There are plenty of other countries we do little or nothing to help that need it just as badly, but don’t have our attention.