Early Paper Fasteners Fastening papers has been found as early as the 13th century Before paper clips, most people used sewing pins to fasten papers Inventor John Ireland Howe is invented a machine to mass produce these pins in 1835
Early Paper Clips There are over 50 patents for devices that claim to “fasten papers together” The first paper clips showed up in the 1860s There are three people commonly credited for inventing the paper clip
George McGill One of the most know inventors of paper clips. Due largely to the fact that he was granted 15 different patents from 1888 to 1903. His patent from 1903 is similar to the common paper clip today. However, he doesn’t receive credit inventing it because that design had already been invented and patented years earlier.
Paper Clips Project Linda Hooper, a middle school teacher in Whitewell, TN, wanted her students to truly understand how vast the number of Jews executed during the Holocaust was. How did she do it?
Paper Clips Produced by Joe Fab Shown for the first time in 2003 in Whitewell Officially released in 2004 Won many awards at various film festivals
Six Million Paper Clips Written by Peter Schroeder and Dagmar Schroeder- Hildebrand Copyrighted in 2004
Clippit Introduced in Microsoft Office 97 Nicknamed “Clippy” Meant to provide help and tips for Microsoft Office users Sadly, Clippy was laid to rest after Microsoft Office 2004
Origin Johan Vaaler is commonly credited with inventing the paper clip. However, William Middlebrook created the common paper clip. Cushman and Dennison bought Middlebrook’s patent in 1899 and began selling it as the “Gem clip.” The Gem clip is the best selling paper clip in the US.
One Red Paper Clip On July 14, 2005, Kyle MacDonald traded a red paper clip for a fish shaped pen. This began a year long journey during which MacDonald eventually bartered his way up to a house.
Cultural Impact Middle school students collected well over 6 million paper clips to represent the 6 million executed during the Holocaust in what was called the “Paper Clips Project.” This resulted in a documentary and a book about the project. Clippit, or “Clippy” was a Microsoft Office program that helped users become familiar with Office.