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Power Point Baroque Period

Power Point Baroque Period

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    Baroque Baroque Presentation Transcript

    • Baroque Music
      • Baroque music describes a style of European classical music.
      • 1600-1750
      • Baroque means bizarre.
      • Germany was a new country of
      • influence.
    • Rhythm – Once the rhythm has been established it remains the same throughout the entire song. Starts fast – stays fast Starts slow – stays slow There is no shift in tempo.
    • Melody – Once the melody has been established it keeps happening. (reoccurring melody)
    • Dynamics – The use of terraced dynamics (a sudden shift in volume) If there are dynamics there are no crescendo/decrescendos
      • Antonio Vivaldi – (Red priest violinist)
      • “ Four Seasons”
      • Created orchestra for
      • teenage orphaned girls
      • Red Priest worked for church
      • and had red hair
      • Wish and be able to recognize greatness in
      • in the field you are pursuing
      • Johann Sebastian Bach – (organist)
      • German composer
      • Father of Music
      • Married Barbara who was much younger than him and had 20 children
      • He made the following types of works popular
      • Invention – played on the harpsichord
      • Short in duration, quick tempo
      • Fugue – played on the organ, generally slow in tempo
      • main melody played many times
    • Basso Continuous – continues bass, low end of keyboard, same notes repeated, steady
      • New instruments of the Baroque
      • Organ – sustaining deep sound
      • Harpsichord – plucky sound
      • Clavichord – funky, percussion sound
      • (Superstition by Stevie Wonder)
      • George Frederica Handel – known for his oratorios
      • Oratorio:
      • A musical work based on a religious text
      • written for chorus and orchestra
      • (no dialogue/acting – similar to opera)
      • Handel's most famous work is called the “Messiah”
      • 2 1/2 hours to perform
      • 24 hours to write
      • Messiah is broken down into 3 parts:
      • Part 1 – Do we believe that Jesus was born for us?
      • Part 2 – Do we believe that Jesus died on the cross for us?
      • Part 3 – Do we believe in eternal life?
      • It is associated with composers such as Johann Sebastian Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Arcangelo Corelli, Claudio Monteverdi, Jean-Philippe Rameau and Henry Purcell.
      • During the period, composers and performers used more elaborate musical ornamentation, made changes in musical notation, and developed new instrumental playing techniques.
      • Baroque music expanded the size, range, and complexity of instrumental performance, and also established opera as a musical genre. Many musical terms and concepts from this era are still in use today.
    • Baroque music shares with Renaissance music a heavy use of polyphony and counterpoint. However, its use of these techniques differs from Renaissance music.
      • Baroque composers wrote in many different musical genres.
      • Opera, invented in the late Renaissance, became an important musical form during the Baroque, with the operas of Alessandro Scarlatti, Handel, and others.
      • The oratorio achieved its peak in the work of Bach and Handel; opera and oratorio often used very similar music forms, such as a widespread use of the da capo aria.