Understanding Work Teams PART IV: Leading 9
Understanding Work Teams PART IV: Leading 9
Learning Outcomes   After this class, I will be able to:
Increasing work specialisation Productivity Line and staff authority Sexual Harassment Resistance to change Diversity Chan...
Grouping of activities by territory Matrix organisation Job specification Change agent Entrepreneurs Synergy 4 functions o...
<ul><li>1. Explain the  growing popularity  of work teams in organizations. </li></ul>
<ul><li>2. Describe the  five stages  of team development. </li></ul>
<ul><li>3. Contrast work  groups  with work  teams . </li></ul>
<ul><li>4. Identify  four common  types of work teams. </li></ul>
<ul><li>5. Explain what types of teams entrepreneurial organizations use. </li></ul>
<ul><li>6. List the characteristics of high-performing work teams. </li></ul>
<ul><li>7. Discuss how organizations can  create  team players. </li></ul>
<ul><li>8. Explain how managers can keep teams from becoming  stagnant . </li></ul>
<ul><li>9. Describe the role of teams in  continuous process improvement  programs. </li></ul>
The Popularity Of Teams <ul><li>Teams typically outperform individuals when tasks require multiple skills, judgment, and e...
Stages of Team Development Exhibit 9.1
The Stages Of Team Development <ul><li>Stage 1: Forming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The team experiences uncertainty about its p...
Work Groups And Work Teams <ul><li>Work  group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A group that interacts primarily to share information...
Comparing Work Teams and Work Groups Exhibit 9.2
Types of Work Teams Exhibit 9.3
Types Of Work Teams <ul><li>Functional team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A work team composed of a manager and the employees in h...
Types Of Work Teams (cont’d) <ul><li>Quality circle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 to 10 employees and supervisors who share an a...
Types Of Work Teams (cont’d) <ul><li>Cross-functional work team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A team composed of employees from ab...
Entrepreneurs’ Use of Teams <ul><li>Empowered functional teams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teams that have authority to plan and...
Why Entrepreneurs Use Teams <ul><li>Teams facilitate the technology and market demands the organization is facing. </li></...
Characteristics of High-performing Work Teams Exhibit 9.4
Challenges to Creating Team Players <ul><li>Managers attempting to introduce teams into organization face the most difficu...
Team Member  Roles Exhibit 9.5 Source:  Based on C. Margerison and D. McCann,  Team Management: Practical New Approaches  ...
Shaping Team Behavior <ul><li>Proper selection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hire employees who have both the technical skills and...
How to Reinvigorate Mature Teams Exhibit 9.6
Teams And Continuous Process Improvement Programs <ul><li>Teams provide the natural vehicle for employees to share ideas a...
Workforce Diversity’s Effects on Teams <ul><li>Fresh and multiple perspectives on issues help the team identify creative o...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Day 9 - Foundations of individual and group behaviour

2,639 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,639
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
7
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
239
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Day 9 - Foundations of individual and group behaviour

    1. 1. Understanding Work Teams PART IV: Leading 9
    2. 2. Understanding Work Teams PART IV: Leading 9
    3. 3. Learning Outcomes After this class, I will be able to:
    4. 4. Increasing work specialisation Productivity Line and staff authority Sexual Harassment Resistance to change Diversity Change process ‘ Calm waters’ Power core Employee participation Strategic human resource Training and development and level of the organisation Value is….? 4 types of work team Coercive power
    5. 5. Grouping of activities by territory Matrix organisation Job specification Change agent Entrepreneurs Synergy 4 functions of management 3 roles of managers Reduce stress Cognitive dissonance Reduce resistance Unit production Visible aspects of organisation vs. hidden aspects Organisational development Stimulate innovation
    6. 6. <ul><li>1. Explain the growing popularity of work teams in organizations. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>2. Describe the five stages of team development. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>3. Contrast work groups with work teams . </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>4. Identify four common types of work teams. </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>5. Explain what types of teams entrepreneurial organizations use. </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>6. List the characteristics of high-performing work teams. </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>7. Discuss how organizations can create team players. </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>8. Explain how managers can keep teams from becoming stagnant . </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>9. Describe the role of teams in continuous process improvement programs. </li></ul>
    15. 15. The Popularity Of Teams <ul><li>Teams typically outperform individuals when tasks require multiple skills, judgment, and experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Teams are a better way to utilize individual employee talents. </li></ul><ul><li>The flexibility and responsiveness of teams is essential in a changing environment </li></ul><ul><li>Empowered teams increase job satisfaction and morale, enhance employee involvement, and promote workforce diversity. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Stages of Team Development Exhibit 9.1
    17. 17. The Stages Of Team Development <ul><li>Stage 1: Forming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The team experiences uncertainty about its purpose, structure, and leadership. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage 2: Storming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intragroup conflict predominates within the group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage 3: Norming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close relationships develop and group members begin to demonstrate cohesiveness. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage 4: Performing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The team develops a structure that is fully functional and accepted by team members. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage 5: Adjourning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The team prepares for its disbandment. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Work Groups And Work Teams <ul><li>Work group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A group that interacts primarily to share information and to make decisions that will help each member perform within his or her area of responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A group that engages in collective work that requires joint effort and generates a positive synergy. </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Comparing Work Teams and Work Groups Exhibit 9.2
    20. 20. Types of Work Teams Exhibit 9.3
    21. 21. Types Of Work Teams <ul><li>Functional team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A work team composed of a manager and the employees in his or her unit and involved in efforts to improve work activities or to solve specific problems within particular functional unit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Problem-solving team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 to 12 hourly employees from the same department who meet each week to discuss ways of improving quality, efficiency, and the work environment </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Types Of Work Teams (cont’d) <ul><li>Quality circle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 to 10 employees and supervisors who share an area of responsibility and who meet regularly to discuss quality problems, investigate the causes of the problem, recommend solutions, and take corrective actions but who have no authority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self-managed work team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A formal group of employees that operates without a manager and is responsible for a complete work process or segment that delivers a product or service to an external or internal customer </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Types Of Work Teams (cont’d) <ul><li>Cross-functional work team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A team composed of employees from about the same hierarchical level but form different work areas in an organization who are brought together to accomplish a particular task </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virtual team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A team that meets electronically; allows groups to meet without concern for space or time </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Entrepreneurs’ Use of Teams <ul><li>Empowered functional teams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teams that have authority to plan and implement process improvements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self-directed teams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teams that are nearly autonomous and responsible for many activities that were once the jurisdiction of managers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cross-functional teams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teams that include a hybrid grouping of individuals who are experts in various specialties and who work together on various tasks </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Why Entrepreneurs Use Teams <ul><li>Teams facilitate the technology and market demands the organization is facing. </li></ul><ul><li>Teams help the organization to make products faster, cheaper, and better. </li></ul><ul><li>Teams permit entrepreneurs to tap into the collective wisdom of the venture’s employees. </li></ul><ul><li>Teams empower employees to make decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Team culture can improve the overall workplace environment and worker morale. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Characteristics of High-performing Work Teams Exhibit 9.4
    27. 27. Challenges to Creating Team Players <ul><li>Managers attempting to introduce teams into organization face the most difficulty when: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When individual employee resistance to teams is strong. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where the national culture is individualistic rather than collectivist. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When an established organization places high values on and significantly rewards individual achievement. </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Team Member Roles Exhibit 9.5 Source: Based on C. Margerison and D. McCann, Team Management: Practical New Approaches (London: Mercury Books, 1990).
    29. 29. Shaping Team Behavior <ul><li>Proper selection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hire employees who have both the technical skills and the interpersonal skills required to fulfill team roles. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Employee training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide training that involves employees in learning the behaviors required to become team players. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rewarding the appropriate team behaviors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a reward system that encourages cooperative efforts rather than competitive ones. </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. How to Reinvigorate Mature Teams Exhibit 9.6
    31. 31. Teams And Continuous Process Improvement Programs <ul><li>Teams provide the natural vehicle for employees to share ideas and implement improvements. </li></ul><ul><li>Teams are well suited to the high levels of communication and contact, response, adaptation, and coordination and sequencing in work environments where continuous process improvement programs are in place. </li></ul>
    32. 32. Workforce Diversity’s Effects on Teams <ul><li>Fresh and multiple perspectives on issues help the team identify creative or unique solutions and avoid weak alternatives. </li></ul><ul><li>The difficulty of working together may make it harder to unify a diverse team and reach agreements. </li></ul><ul><li>Although diversity’s advantages dissipate with time, the added-value of diverse teams increases as the team becomes more cohesive. </li></ul>

    ×