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The Iroquois
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The Iroquois

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  • 1. The iroquois
    Of the northeast woodlands
  • 2. Table of Contents
    Table of contents………………………………………………………………………………1
    The Northeast Woodlands………………………………………………………………..2
    The Homes of The Iroquois……………………………………………………………….3
    The Iroquois Food……………………………………………………………………………..4
    The Iroquois Clothes………………………………………………………………………….5
    History and Traditions………………………………………………………………………..6
    Glossary……………………………………………………………………………………………..7
    1
  • 3. The northeast woodlands
    The northeast woodlands have many lakes, giant forests and rivers. In the freezing winters it can get below zero degrees and in the summer it can get above ninety degrees. The massive Appalachian mountains run throughout the northeast. Giant glaciers shaped most of the land the way it is today. The rich soil there is very good for plants and food to grow. The fishing and hunting there is spectacular. The Iroquois tribe is one of the many that lived there.
    The different seasons
    The northeast woodlands area
    2
  • 4. The homes of the Iroquois
    Longhouse village
    The Iroquois built wood houses called longhouses. They lived in longhouses year-round and could hold up to 30 people. The longhouses were made out of elm, cedar and birch. The people put giant poles in the ground about two feet apart . The poles were strapped toward the center and bark was put in between gaps. Longhouse villages could hold 7-14 longhouses (300 people or more). Longhouse villages were encircled by palisades to prevent sneak attacks from other tribes. Longhouses were roughly 105 feet long and 18-25 feet wide.
    Inside of a longhouse
    3
  • 5. The Iroquois food
    The Iroquois had a lot of food for use. They had rich meat such as bear, deer, fish and moose. Also they had corn, beans and squash. These giant crops were so important to them they called them the three sisters. They caught fish with nets and there bare hands. They also caught clams for digging utensils. They caught and trapped bear, deer and moose. They also found out if you cut a hole in a maple tree and poured the sap into a cup that you could make maple syrup. The women in the tribe got water and harvested and the men hunted and fished.
    Native food freshly grown and caught
    Native American food
    4
  • 6. The Iroquois clothes
    The Iroquois used fur such as deer, moose and bear for clothes. In the summer males wore a breechcloth and females wore knee-length skirts. During winter both males and females wore deerskin shirts, leggings and moccasins. Also in winter they wore robes made of bear and deer hide. They mostly wore deerskin because it was the most populated. Wampum belts were traded and wore.
    A Native American warrior outfit
    Clothes made for a
    Native American
    5
  • 7. history & traditions
    The 6 Iroquois tribes were the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca and Tuscarora otherwise known as the 6 nations. The Iroquois were enemies at first but then came together. The Iroquois were also enemies with the Algonquin, another northeast tribe. They were forced into moving to Oklahoma, Wisconsin and into hiding by the United States government.
    The Iroquois most famous celebration was the starting of the new season. Also they celebrated when a boy was born in hope for him to help hunt for the tribe. And a girl for helping around the village. They had many celebrations.
    A Native American celebration
    A celebration for a newborn boy
    6
  • 8. Glossary
    breechcloth: a loincloth
    forced: if you forced someone to do something
    maple trees: a tree with large leaves that have 5 points
    palisades: a fence of large stakes
    woodlands:land covered with woody vegetation
    7

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