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New mental models

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  • 1. New Mental Models What are the ideas about knowledge, mind, and learning that inform your current thinking about how you teach and how schools should be organised? Ref: Jane Gilbert (2005) Catching the Knowledge Wave - NZCER 2009 Derek Wenmoth
  • 2. Knowledge •  Knowledge is “stuff” •  It can be stored - in minds, books or other kinds of databases •  Knowledge is true, correct, “the facts” •  It is something stable that accumulates slowly over time; new knowledge builds on older knowledge •  It is built up by people, and people can “have” it, however, it exists objectively, independently of people •  There are different branches of knowledge called disciplines or subjects •  Each discipline has its own way of doing things 2009 Derek Wenmoth
  • 3. Minds •  Minds are like containers (filing cabinets or databases), they store knowledge •  Minds also process knowledge; they take it in, organise it and represent it •  Minds are the places where thinking and learning happen •  Some minds have more capacity than other minds for storing and processing knowledge •  The mind is located in the brain, but its activities are distinct from the brain’s other functions 2009 Derek Wenmoth
  • 4. Learning •  Learning is the process by which knowledge gets stored in minds •  Learning is an individual activity: it takes place in individual minds •  Learning is an activity that happens in more or less the same way in all individuals •  Learners of the same age (or stage of development) will be ready for the same kinds of knowledge at the same time •  Learning is easier if the knowledge to be learned is broken down into parts and introduced as a series of steps. 2009 Derek Wenmoth