The Underground Railroad

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The Underground Railroad

  1. 1. The Underground Railroad Canadian History March 2007
  2. 2. Slavery: Overview <ul><li>In the s’thern USA, cotton was the main agricultural product in the 19 th C. </li></ul><ul><li>Most was grown on large plantations that used black slave labour </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were private property </li></ul><ul><li>Because slavery was abolished in British colonies in 1833, British North America became a haven for American slaves </li></ul>
  3. 3. Underground Railroad: Definition <ul><li>A secret transportation network that moved fugitive slaves from the southern US to Upper Canada (Ontario) & sometimes to Nova Scotia </li></ul>
  4. 5. Methods of Escape <ul><li>Water routes </li></ul><ul><li>Walking </li></ul><ul><li>Roads </li></ul><ul><li>Baggage </li></ul><ul><li>Railway </li></ul>
  5. 6. Conditions of Escape <ul><li>Night travelling </li></ul><ul><li>Hiding during the day </li></ul><ul><li>Pursued by slave owners, sheriffs, slave catchers </li></ul><ul><li>Little food </li></ul><ul><li>Swamps & forests </li></ul><ul><li>American Fugitive Slave Law </li></ul>
  6. 7. Fugitive Slave Law <ul><li>By law every American was required to return runaway slaves to their rightful owner </li></ul><ul><li>Fugitives dared to show their face to no one </li></ul><ul><li>Many people defied the law & helped the slaves to safety </li></ul><ul><li>Abolitionists : supported the cause to end slavery </li></ul>
  7. 8. Abolitionists <ul><li>Frederick Douglas </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet Tubman </li></ul>
  8. 9. Movie: Race to Freedom

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