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Combating Plagiarism
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Combating Plagiarism

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This is a presentation that I occasionally give about addressing plagiarism in the classroom.

This is a presentation that I occasionally give about addressing plagiarism in the classroom.

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  • 1. Plagiarism Respecting Intellectual Property Prepared under fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law and restricted from further use. David Warlick The Landmark Project Raleigh, NC 919-414-1845 [email_address]
  • 2. Online Handouts http://landmark-project.com http://handouts.davidwarlick.com Bloggers: plagiarism & warlick
  • 3. Rule 1 You have the upper hand Students do not plagiarize because they are smart. They plagiarize because they are lazy.
  • 4. Rule 2 Educate yourself about Plagiarism!
    • Download some free research paper.
      • Check the quality of the writing. Look for evidence that it was not written locally or recently.
      • http://www.oppapers.com/
      • http://www.cyberessays.com/
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 5. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism (understand why they cheat)
    • Students are faced with many choices, so they put off low priorities.
      • Assignments with an element that will be of interest.
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 6. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism (understand why they cheat)
    • Many students have poor time management skills.
      • Space out due dates for various elements of the assignment (bibliography, rough draft, final product).
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 7. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism (understand why they cheat)
    • Some students fear that their writing ability is inadequate and may look for a superior product to turn in.
      • Demonstrate to the class how poor many downloadable papers can be.
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 8. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
    • Some students do not know what plagiarism is.
      • Give students an explicit definition of plagiarism. Put it on the wall.
      • Show students examples of appropriate paraphrasing & quoting, and inappropriate examples.
      • Select & demonstrate a citation tool.
      • Explain why plagiarism is wrong, why it is stealing.
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 9. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
    • A Definition
    • Plagiarism is using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to the other person.
    • When you use someone else's words, you must put quotation marks around them and give the writer or speaker credit by revealing the source in a citation .
    • Even if you revise or paraphrase the words of someone else or just use their ideas, you still must give the author credit in a note.
    • Not giving due credit to the creator of an idea or writing is very much like lying (stealing).
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 10. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
    • Fair Use
    • Students may use portions of copyrighted material with proper credit & citations
    • Students & teachers must include on the opening page of their products a message similar to:
    • Prepared under fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law and restricted from further use.
    • Teachers may use portions of copyrighted materials for “face to face” instruction.
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 11. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
    • Fair Use
    • Text: Up to 10% of a copyrighted work or 1000 words, whichever is less.
    • Motion Media: Up to 10% of a copyrighted work or 3 minutes, whichever is less.
    • Illustrations: No more than 5 images of an artist’s or photographer’s work. When using a collection, no more than 10% or no more than 15 images, whichever is less.
    • Music: Up to 10% of a copyrighted musical composition, but no more than 30 seconds.
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 12. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
    • Creative Commons (http://creativecommons.org/)
    • Commercial use
    • Attribution
    • Derivative works
    • Share alike
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 13. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
    • Let students know that you know about paper mills.
      • Show them a paper mill. Download a paper and show them how you would detect plagiarism.
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 14. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
    • Convince students that cited sources strengthens their writing.
      • Students have researched and synthesized findings into their own unique argument.
      • Students are engaged in “the great conversation,” within the world of ideas.
      • Citing resources makes the published thinker a partner in the student’s work.
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 15. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
    • Strategies of Prevention
      • Make the assignment clear.
      • Provide a list of specific topics -- make topics unique.
      • Require specific components in the paper.
      • Require process steps.
      • Make assignment authentic.
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 16. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
    • Strategies of Prevention (cont.)
      • Require oral presentations.
      • Specify alternative mediums (video, Presentation Slides, Images) .
      • Have students include an annotated bibliography.
      • Require most references to be up-to-date.
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 17. Rule 3 Prevent Plagiarism
    • Strategies of Prevention (cont.)
      • Require a metalearning essay
    Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>. have students write an in-class essay about what they learned from the assignment. What problems did they face and how did they overcome them?
  • 18. Rule 4 Detecting Plagiarism
    • Dead Givaways.
      • Mixed citation styles.
      • Lack of references or quotations.
      • Unusual formatting.
      • Off topic.
      • Signs of datedness
      • Anachronisms
      • Smoking Guns
    “ Thank you for using TermPaperMania” Harris, Robert. &quot;Anit-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers.&quot; 7 Mar 2002. VirtualSalt. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm>.
  • 19. Rule 4 Detecting Plagiarism
    • Dead Givaways.
      • Essay is grade-school quality.
      • The ultimate sign of sloth -- Printed from the students web browser.
      • References are from books not available in your school library.
      • All references are at least five years old.
    &quot;Dead Giveaways.&quot; 2001. Plagiarized.Com. GSC Online. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.plagiarized.com/deadgive.html>.
  • 20. Rule 5 Catching a Cheater
    • Take the situation seriously
    • Plagiarism is a serious accusation to make. Think of the consequences of a false accusation.
    • Gather your evidence.
    • Confirm you have enough to substantiate your claim
    • Determine who has to know
    • Check school/district policy & document
    • Meet formally with the student
    • Present your case and explain the consequences
    • Evaluate your role
    • How could you have prevented this?
    &quot;Dead Giveaways.&quot; 2001. Plagiarized.Com. GSC Online. 16 Nov 2004 <http://www.plagiarized.com/deadgive.html>.

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