Energy Its Generation, Use And Costs Pmi Mtg

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A short survey on the different types of electricity generation from a variety of sources including nuclear, fossil, Hydro, biomass, etc.

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Energy Its Generation, Use And Costs Pmi Mtg

  1. 1. Energy: It’s Use, Generation, Costs, and PM Presented by: David Tennant, PE, PMP 770-846-0828 dvtent@windward.ws
  2. 2. Dilbert by Scott Adams
  3. 3. A little bit about me: Experience includes Engineering, Marketing, Executive Management, Managerial Consulting and Coaching Successfully implemented over $3.5-Billion in projects Currently developing two alternative energy projects in North America Possess BS, MS and MBA, registered Engineer in Georgia, PMP certified Project Manager Project assignments include USA, Finland, Canada, the Caribbean basin, Honduras, Germany, New Zealand, Czech Republic David Tennant Windward1@comcast.net
  4. 4. Power Generation and PM Today’s Objectives: • Introduce you to different types of power production (energy) (Pros and Cons) • Share the costs associated with each • Discussion of PM in the energy industry
  5. 5. When you flip on the light switch at home: • Where does electrical energy come from? • How is it made? • How is it transported to your home? • Is it safe? • How much does it cost? • What kind of fuel is used to create electricity? Why should I care?
  6. 6. Additional Types of Energy not common in SE (yet) Biomass: • WTE, Waste-to-Energy (i.e. garbage) • Human & animal wastes Other: • Wind • Solar (limited at present to demo plants) • Geothermal
  7. 7. Coal used in many power plants around the world Pro: Plentiful Relatively inexpensive Large reserves in USA Con: Hard, dangerous work for miners Contributes to greenhouse gas/global warming and air pollution
  8. 8. Coal power plants Control Room
  9. 9. How Electricity is Made from Coal
  10. 10. Notice coal pile for this fossil-fueled power plant
  11. 11. Water: used in power plants near a high source of water Pro: Very inexpensive Several large hydro-electric facilities in USA Clean Energy –no pollution or greenhouse gasses Con: Limited– all the good sites have already been developed Some controversy about downstream ecologic damage (fish, river banks)
  12. 12. How Electricity is Made in Hydro Facilities
  13. 13. Hydro-electric Facilities
  14. 14. Hydro-electric Facilities
  15. 15. Uranium: used in nuclear power plants Pro: Moderate cost Clean Energy—no greenhouse gasses of any kind Safe One plant generates a huge amount of power Con: Nuclear waste from spent fuel stays radioactive for tens of thousands of years Where to store the wastes An accident could have wider, more serious consequences than other power plants Spent fuel must not fall into terrorists hands
  16. 16. Nuclear Power Facts: 430 nuclear plants worldwide 104 nuclear plants in USA 77% of power in France is nuclear 65% of power in Lithuania is nuclear 20% of power in USA is nuclear A nuclear power Facility in Switzerland
  17. 17. More facts: Uranium is found in nature as U-238 and has a ½ life of 4.5-billion years. This decay is a natural process. It has been around since the planet was formed. U-235 is used in both nuclear power plants and for nuclear bombs. It is also found naturally; but must be processed for use as a fuel. It gives off alpha radiation. Splitting the atom releases heat and gives of gamma and beta radiation. Uranium must be enriched by 3% for fuel; 90% for bombs. One pound of U-235 (enriched) is equal to about 1- million gallons of gasoline in energy content.
  18. 18. How Electricity is Made from Uranium Turbine - Generator
  19. 19. Reactor Containment Vessel
  20. 20. Nuclear Plant in SE Reactor fuel bundles (About 200) Fuel storage pool
  21. 21. Natural Gas: Power Production Pro: Clean—some greenhouse gases, but much less than coal Large supply in the United States Con: Getting expensive Natural gas not available in all states Natural Gas Power Plant
  22. 22. Remember, Biomass includes: • Wood • Plant materials such as peanut hulls, pecan shells, sawgrass, etc. • Sugar cane residues • Garbage • Human and animal wastes
  23. 23. Biomass: Power Production Pro: Clean—some greenhouse gases, but much less than coal Large supply worldwide Minimal air emissions Con: More expensive than traditional energy sources Plants are limited in size and power output Fuel must be available within a 50-mile radius
  24. 24. Wood-fueled Power Plants Energy content of: Wood: 4,500 btu/lb Coal: 15,000 btu/lb
  25. 25. Poultry Litter power plant
  26. 26. Garbage: Wastes-to-Energy Power Production Pros: • Good way to dispose of waste when running out of landfill space • Good when water table is too high for landfill use (Florida) • Good for islands with limited space (Caribbean, others) Cons: • Expensive • Serious air emissions challenges • Usually a lot of truck traffic
  27. 27. How Electricity is Made from Garbage
  28. 28. WTE Plant Massachusetts WTE Plant Hawaii
  29. 29. Wind Energy Pro: • No air emissions or greenhouse gasses • Competitive costs Con: • Not much power output per unit • Hazardous to birds • What if there’s no wind?
  30. 30. Solar Energy Pro: • Clean, non-polluting • Energy Source is free (sun) Con: • Very Expensive- not yet competitive • Technology for PV’s is still being perfected Photo-voltaic cells on rooftops Generate 18 kW Critical to commercial success of PV technologies are advances in module efficiencies; and improvements in cost and reliability.
  31. 31. Also used to create steam for use in power plant turbines Solar collectors near Newnan, GA
  32. 32. What about costs?
  33. 33. Project Management Challenges In The Energy Industry Always assess your risks…
  34. 34. Project Management Challenges In the Energy Industry • Not yet “in tune” with PMI • Haven’t adopted new techniques • Some utilities are changing (competitive issue) • Technology of energy production has evolved but PM has not • Not familiar with PMP designation • Believe that “Technical Manager” is best suited for this type of project
  35. 35. Project Management Challenges In the Energy Industry Techniques that Energy Biz would really find useful: • Risk Reviews • Use of Earned Value to Track Projects • Communications Planning • Team Building Techniques • Better Project Planning • Stronger Definition of Roles and Responsibilities • Improved Documentation
  36. 36. Project Management Challenges In the Energy Industry Project Managers need key managerial skills more than technical skills: • Strong communication skills—written & verbal • Ability to grasp situations and its implications • Can sell ideas and obtain executive support (negotiations) • Motivate the team • Staying focused on the deliverables and end results • Managing client expectations • Resolving conflict
  37. 37. Project Management Challenges In the Energy Industry Yearly Utility Conferences: PowerGen Power Engineering ASME Power Conference IEEE More recently, a variety of biomass power conferences have been conducted
  38. 38. Project Management Challenges In the Energy Industry Key Points in Energy: Energy biz is growing--worldwide. Especially in: • Nuclear • Wind • Biomass • Alternative fuels (bio-diesel) Not growing: • Coal (at least in USA) • Ethanol
  39. 39. Project Management Challenges In the Energy Industry Positions available: •Project Management •Engineering •Marketing •Sales •Planning •Safety Note that alternative energy will most likely be funded with Federal spending. The private sector is taking a “wait and see” approach.
  40. 40. Summary Points • The demand for energy is growing world wide • There is a shift away from coal—in the USA • There is an emphasis on a mix of alternative energy sources: Biomass, wind, solar, geothermal, nuclear • These alternative sources of energy are more costly than traditional energy (coal, gas, oil) • Project Management can and should play a leading role in the energy industry • There are career opportunities for strong PMs—esp if you have a technical background
  41. 41. Dilbert by Scott Adams
  42. 42. Thank you!

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