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  • 1. Instructor: Lam Thi Thuy Tien
  • 2. Chau Duy Khanh Thach Ngoc Minh Danh Thi Kim Huyen Nguyen Duy Khue Le Hoang Mon Le Vu Khuyen
  • 3. Topic: Pneumonia
  • 4. Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by different types of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites
  • 5. Some types of pneumonia : Bronchitis Usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) Bronchopneumonia Lobar pneumonia
  • 6. symptoms fever fatigue shortness sputum chest pain cough withof breath
  • 7. Other symptoms:     Sore throat Sneezing Shaking chills ...
  • 8. Bacteria in bloodstream. Septic shock. Pleural effusion .
  • 9. Lung abscess. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
  • 10. Causes Bacteria Viruses Fungi Other commonly isolated bacteria include: Haemophilus influenzae (20%) Chlamydophila pneumoniae (13%) Mycoplasma pneumoniae (3%) Streptococcus pneumonia Other bacteria (50% of cases) Parasites
  • 11. Causes Bacteria Viruses Fungi Commonly implicated agents include: rhinoviruses, corona viruses, influenza virus, … Parasites
  • 12. Causes Bacteria Viruses Fungi Parasites Commonly implicated agents include: •Histoplasma capsulatum Occuring in individuals with •Blastomyces weakened immune •Cryptococcus neoformans systems •Pneumocystis jiroveci •Coccidioides immitis
  • 13. Causes Bacteria Viruses Fungi These parasites typically enter the body through the skin or the mouth. The most common parasites: Toxoplasma gondii, Strongyloides stercoralis, and Ascariasis. Parasites
  • 14. Cigarette smoking and abusing alcohol Having recently recovered from a cold or influenza infection. Malnutrition
  • 15. Certain chemicals or pollutants Having a weakened immune system Chronic lung disease
  • 16. Depending on the type of pneumonia and how severe it is.
  • 17. The type of pneumonia Treatment Bacterial Pneumonia Antibiotics Viral Pneumonia Rest and plenty of fluids Fungal Pneumonias Antifungal medications azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin… Typical antibiotics will not work for viral pneumonia
  • 18. At home     Drink plenty of fluids. Get lots of rest. Take cough medicines with talking to doctor. Control the fever with medicines.
  • 19. In the hospital Receive breathing treatments  Receive fluids and antibiotics in veins.
  • 20. Using vaccination Environmental measures Having a good lifestyle Treating other diseases
  • 21. Vaccination Preventing certain bacterial and viral pneumonias in both children and adults.
  • 22. The type of vaccine Preventing Pneumococcal vaccine (Pneumovax, Prevnar) Streptococcus pneumonia Influenza vaccine Flu viruses Hib vaccine Haemophilus influenzae type b
  • 23. Environmental measures Reducing air pollution.
  • 24. Having a good lifestyle No smoking Washing hands No abusing alcohol
  • 25. Having a good diet Preventing the flu Doing exercise
  • 26. Treating other diseases Appropriately treating underlying illnesses (such as AIDS)
  • 27. Treating other diseases Testing pregnant women for Group B Streptococcus and Chlamydia trachomatis. Suctioning the mouth and throat of infants
  • 28. Question 1: Fill in these blanks: Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by different types of …(1)……, including bacteria, viruses, …(2)….. and parasites. A. Microorganic, fungal B. Microorganisms, fungal C. microphyte, fungi D. Microorganisms, fungi
  • 29. Question 2: What are the causes of pneumonia? A. idiopathic, microphyte. B. bacteria, fungi, parasites. C. viruses, parasites, coccus. D. A, B, C are correct
  • 30. Question 3: the most common parasites causing pneumonia are: A. streptococcus, toxoplasma gondii. B. strongulorides stercoralis, ascariasis, streptococcus . C. toxoplasma gondii, strongulorides stercoralis, ascariasis. D. B and C are correct.
  • 31. Question 4: Some types of pneumonia: (1) Bronchitis (2) Tonsillitis (3) Usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) (4) Lung cancer (5) Bronchopneumonia (6) Lobar pneumonia Choose the best answer: A. (1), (2),(4), (6) C. (1), (3), (5), (6) B. (3), (4), (5), (6) D. (1), (2), (3), (5)
  • 32. Question 5: Some types of pneumonia: A. The endometrium breaks down and is discharged. B. The endometrium is becoming ready for the implantation of a blastocyst. C. Ovum and sperm unite. D. The endometrium begins to grow.
  • 33. Question 6: which picture describes pleural effusion ? A. 1 C. 3 B. 2 D. 4
  • 34. Question 7: Which bacteria is the most commonly isolated of bacterial pneumonia ? A. Streptococcus pneumonia B. Haemophilus influenzae. C. Chlamydophila pneumoniae. D. Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
  • 35. Question 8: what does prevnar prevent ? A. Streptococcus pneumonia. B. Flu viruses. C. Haemophilus influenzae type b. D. A, B and C are correct.
  • 36. Question 9: What is not method to prevent pneumonia? A. No smoking B. Washing hands C. Abusing alcohol D. Doing exercise
  • 37. Question 10: List some treatments which are used at home for patients. + Drink plenty of fluids. + Get lots of rest. + Take cough medicines with talking to doctor. + Control the fever with medicines.
  • 38. What are the symptoms of pneumonia? What are the symptoms of pneumonia? fatigue1 fatigue cough with cough with 5 sputum sputum fever 2 fever 6 shaking chills shaking chills chest pain 3 chest pain shortness of shortness of 7 breath breath sneezing 4 sneezing 8 sore throat sore throat a b c x y d e f
  • 39. TRANSLATION SKILL A pneumonia diagnosis usually begins with a physical exam and a discussion about your symptoms and medical history. A doctor may suspect pneumonia if they hear coarse breathing, wheezing, crackling sounds, or rumblings when listening to the chest through a stethoscope. Chest x-rays and blood tests may be ordered to confirm a pneumonia diagnosis. A chest x-ray can confirm pneumonia and determine its location and extent in the lungs. Blood tests measure white blood cell count to determine the severity of pneumonia and can be used to determine whether the infection is bacterial, viral, fungal, etc. An analysis of sputum also can be used to determine the organism that is causing the pneumonia. A more invasive diagnostic tool is the bronchoscopy - a procedure whereby the patient is under anesthesia and a thin, flexible, and lighted tube is inserted into the nose or mouth to directly examine the infected parts of the lung.