Emergent Learning in the New Learning Ecologies      Roy Williams, Regina Karousou, Jenny Mackness                        ...
Resource SharingTree-Network …Mycorrhizal Fungi &   Douglas Firs   (Kevin-Beiler)                    RW …
Some thoughts on Emergent Learning ... The Internet provides new opportunities for  taking initiative in learning. This ...
New opportunities for people to takethe initiative in learningThe Internet makes it possible for people to: Access people...
This provides New Affordances Particularly in Web 1, 2, and social  media. New ways to interact, and  organise your own ...
New Affordances ?                    JM …
Some examples …• Reflection and sharing• Recorded conversations• Threaded discussions• Chat (text, audio, video)• Applicat...
We need new frameworks to help us to:•Understand these affordances•Facilitate them•Find ways to benefit from them – i.e. t...
EmergenceTo start with, emergent learning isunpredictable, and is likely to arise …•   Where learning is substantially sel...
Emergence is …?     Self-organizing                                           Adaptive                                    ...
Case Studies …      Wikipedia                  RK …
WikipediaSelf-correcting?(External) Validity?Is it too big? Too constrained? (editorialrules have changed recently).Does a...
Case Studies … MAMLL   MA Management Learning and Leadership (Lancaster)                                                 A...
MAMLLThe students negotiate the curriculum. They areself-organising and self-correcting. To someextent they co-create the ...
Case Studies …    Hole in the Wall / SOLE’s                                RW …
Self-Organised          Learning Environments / HIW’sSugata Mitra’s radical experiments in:Minimally invasive teaching /SO...
Emergence is …? (2)   Self-                                                             Identityorganizing                ...
Future Research      • Descriptions / visual analysis of emergence in practice             … to create better practice and...
Questions1.   Does emergence require constraints?2.   Are ‘learning events’ compatible with emergence?3.   Can emergent le...
?
Many thanks …
Domains of       Types of                         Modes of       Validation & Modes of                                    ...
The End …
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Emergent Learning CIDER Webinar

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Webinar October 2011. Applies complexity theory to Web-based learning.

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Emergent Learning CIDER Webinar

  1. 1. Emergent Learning in the New Learning Ecologies Roy Williams, Regina Karousou, Jenny Mackness RW …
  2. 2. Resource SharingTree-Network …Mycorrhizal Fungi & Douglas Firs (Kevin-Beiler) RW …
  3. 3. Some thoughts on Emergent Learning ... The Internet provides new opportunities for taking initiative in learning. This provides new affordances for teaching, learning, and collaborating. ….. But we need new frameworks to help us to understand and respond to these changes. What is ‘emergent learning’, and can it form the basis for a new framework? Questions and discussion. > RK: new opportunities in Web…
  4. 4. New opportunities for people to takethe initiative in learningThe Internet makes it possible for people to: Access people and content Create and distribute content Create and participate in networks Explore virtual identities and worlds Social Network Analysis > JM: new affordances 4 learning…
  5. 5. This provides New Affordances Particularly in Web 1, 2, and social media. New ways to interact, and organise your own learning, resources, and networks. But … is self-organised learning different from ‘learner centred’ and ‘constructivist’ learning? Social Network Analysis JM …
  6. 6. New Affordances ? JM …
  7. 7. Some examples …• Reflection and sharing• Recorded conversations• Threaded discussions• Chat (text, audio, video)• Applications sharing – and discussion• Constructing knowledge• Mash-ups of all the above• Mobile space• Virtual space• Poly-synchronous interaction (a hybrid of a/synchronous) > RW: frameworks…
  8. 8. We need new frameworks to help us to:•Understand these affordances•Facilitate them•Find ways to benefit from them – i.e. to matchparticular affordances with particular learningcontexts.Note: This assumes that there will always be other affordancesthat are appropriate for other learning contexts – see forexample the section on Prescriptive Learning in the IRRODLpaper. RW …
  9. 9. EmergenceTo start with, emergent learning isunpredictable, and is likely to arise …• Where learning is substantially self- organised, and adaptive.• From frequent interaction• Between a large number of people and resources (micro-agents)• Where no-one is able to see (or monitor) everything that is happening• Where participation is as open as possible RW …
  10. 10. Emergence is …? Self-organizing Adaptive Unpredictable … frequentinteraction … with open participation … between many people & resources ... …with no-one able to follow all everything. > RK: 1st Case Study…
  11. 11. Case Studies … Wikipedia RK …
  12. 12. WikipediaSelf-correcting?(External) Validity?Is it too big? Too constrained? (editorialrules have changed recently).Does anyone edit Wikipedia pages?(Roy recently met someone who hasresponsibility for 54 Wikipedia pages!) > JM 2nd Case Study …
  13. 13. Case Studies … MAMLL MA Management Learning and Leadership (Lancaster) A. Van Dijk, ISC Websites JM …
  14. 14. MAMLLThe students negotiate the curriculum. They areself-organising and self-correcting. To someextent they co-create the institutional structure.The barrier is assessment and the Universityassessment regulations• Open syllabus.• Self-managed, learning.• Co-constructed negotiated curriculum.• Unpredictable, surprising, creativity..• Learner autonomy and control.• Diversity and difference. Collaborative assessment.Dynamic, adaptive system. > RW: 2nd Case Study …
  15. 15. Case Studies … Hole in the Wall / SOLE’s RW …
  16. 16. Self-Organised Learning Environments / HIW’sSugata Mitra’s radical experiments in:Minimally invasive teaching /SOLE’s.• How much can you remove?• Are the slum children self-organising?• Granny Clouds?• Teachers? Walls?• Curriculum? RW …
  17. 17. Emergence is …? (2) Self- Identityorganizing Adaptive Community Unpredictable Networks Open… frequent Co-creation of participation.interaction content. … between many Autonomous people & resources. Co-evolution of Agency & Structure. …without anyone able to follow all that Bounded by is happening . Negative Constraints RW …
  18. 18. Future Research • Descriptions / visual analysis of emergence in practice … to create better practice and better strategic frameworks, for … • Designing and using learning spaces / architectures (for co-evolution of agency and structure) • Facilitating emergence < > constraints • Benchmarking emergent learning • Certifying emergent learning • Integrating emergent learning into broader learning practices/ ecologies. (e.g. Mathematics: Kumon, Montessori , LOGO, Problem-based learning, etc). • Relationship to broader ecologies of learning/ knowledge creation/ accumulation/ distribution
  19. 19. Questions1. Does emergence require constraints?2. Are ‘learning events’ compatible with emergence?3. Can emergent learning be assessed?4. Can we integrate emergent learning with other kinds of learning?5. Are there examples of learning/events in which emergence could/should play no role at all? RW …
  20. 20. ?
  21. 21. Many thanks …
  22. 22. Domains of Types of Modes of Validation & Modes of Organisation Application Knowledge Production Self-Correction Learning Hierarchy, Centrally ScientificPre- Predictable, Predictive pre- Institutional Method,scriptive Objects & control determined Objectivity,Learning Events Control for users. Elite PeerSystems Review. Open & Openness, Complex- CollaborationEmergent Retrospective distributed. Interaction Adaptive Self-Learning coherence Created at Scale, Organisms Organisation scale Constraints,Networks & Events by users. Ethics. Learning Ecologies
  23. 23. The End …
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