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Leg & Foot
Topographical views
Topographical views
Surface anatomy – knee <ul><li>Patella </li></ul><ul><li>Quadriceps tendon </li></ul><ul><li>Vastus lateralis </li></ul><u...
Surface anatomy – knee A. Medial epicondyle  B. Medial collateral ligament C. Pes anserius  D. semimembranous insertion E....
Surface anatomy – knee A.  Lateral epicondyle  B.  Lateral collateral ligament C.  Fibular head  D.  Biceps tendon   E.  I...
Surface anatomy – knee <ul><li>Semimembranous </li></ul><ul><li>Semitendinosus </li></ul><ul><li>Biceps femoris </li></ul>...
Surface anatomy - lower leg <ul><li>Subcutaneous border of tibia </li></ul><ul><li>Anterior compartment of muscles </li></...
Surface anatomy – lower leg <ul><li>Gastrocnemius </li></ul><ul><li>Soleus </li></ul><ul><li>Peroneal muscles </li></ul><u...
Surface anatomy – lower leg <ul><li>Soleus </li></ul><ul><li>Medial gastrocnemius </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral gastrocnemius ...
Surface anatomy – lower leg <ul><li>Tibia </li></ul><ul><li>Gastrocnemius </li></ul><ul><li>Soleus </li></ul><ul><li>Most ...
Surface anatomy – foot <ul><li>Medial malleolus </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral malleouls </li></ul><ul><li>Tibialis anterior te...
Surface anatomy – foot <ul><li>A.  Base of fifth metatarsal  B.  Lateral malleolus </li></ul><ul><li>C.  Sinus tarsae  D. ...
Surface anatomy – foot <ul><li>Plantar fat pad </li></ul><ul><li>Calcaneal tuberosity </li></ul><ul><li>Achilles’ tendon <...
Surface anatomy – foot A.  Medial longitudinal arch  B.  Head of first metatarsal C.  Calcaneal tuberosity  D.  Medial mal...
Bony Landmark Trails of the Knee
Bony Landmark Trails of the Knee
Bony Landmark Trails of the Knee
Bony Landmark Trails  of the ankle and foot
Bony Landmark Trails  of the ankle and foot
Bony Landmark Trails  of the ankle and foot
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Leg&Foot 1

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Transcript of "Leg&Foot 1"

  1. 1. Leg & Foot
  2. 2. Topographical views
  3. 3. Topographical views
  4. 4. Surface anatomy – knee <ul><li>Patella </li></ul><ul><li>Quadriceps tendon </li></ul><ul><li>Vastus lateralis </li></ul><ul><li>Vastus medialis </li></ul><ul><li>Vastus medialis obliquus </li></ul><ul><li>Patella tendon </li></ul><ul><li>Hoffa’s fat pad </li></ul><ul><li>Tibial tubercle </li></ul><ul><li>Tubercle of Gerdy </li></ul><ul><li>Pes anserinus </li></ul><ul><li>Medial tibial plateau </li></ul>
  5. 5. Surface anatomy – knee A. Medial epicondyle B. Medial collateral ligament C. Pes anserius D. semimembranous insertion E. Medial joint line
  6. 6. Surface anatomy – knee A. Lateral epicondyle B. Lateral collateral ligament C. Fibular head D. Biceps tendon E. Iliotibial tract F. Tubercle of Gerdy G. Lateral joint line
  7. 7. Surface anatomy – knee <ul><li>Semimembranous </li></ul><ul><li>Semitendinosus </li></ul><ul><li>Biceps femoris </li></ul><ul><li>Common peroneal nerve </li></ul><ul><li>Medial head of gastronemius </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral head of gastronemius </li></ul>
  8. 8. Surface anatomy - lower leg <ul><li>Subcutaneous border of tibia </li></ul><ul><li>Anterior compartment of muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Typical site of anterior crest stress fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Site of tibialis anterior pritendinitis </li></ul><ul><li>Site of possible superficial peroneal nerve compression </li></ul>
  9. 9. Surface anatomy – lower leg <ul><li>Gastrocnemius </li></ul><ul><li>Soleus </li></ul><ul><li>Peroneal muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Fibula </li></ul>
  10. 10. Surface anatomy – lower leg <ul><li>Soleus </li></ul><ul><li>Medial gastrocnemius </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral gastrocnemius </li></ul><ul><li>Usual site of gastrocnemius tear </li></ul>
  11. 11. Surface anatomy – lower leg <ul><li>Tibia </li></ul><ul><li>Gastrocnemius </li></ul><ul><li>Soleus </li></ul><ul><li>Most common site of tibial compression fracture </li></ul>
  12. 12. Surface anatomy – foot <ul><li>Medial malleolus </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral malleouls </li></ul><ul><li>Tibialis anterior tendon </li></ul><ul><li>Extensor hallucis longus </li></ul><ul><li>Extensor digitorum longus </li></ul><ul><li>Anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament </li></ul><ul><li>Peroneus tertius </li></ul>
  13. 13. Surface anatomy – foot <ul><li>A. Base of fifth metatarsal B. Lateral malleolus </li></ul><ul><li>C. Sinus tarsae D. Extensor digitorum brevis </li></ul><ul><li>E. Peroneus brevis tendon F. Achilles’s tendon </li></ul><ul><li>G. Sural nerve H. Typical site of fibular stress fracture </li></ul><ul><li>I. Anterior talofibular ligament J. Calcaneofibular ligament </li></ul><ul><li>K. Peroneal tubercle L. Tuberosity of the calcaneus </li></ul><ul><li>Anterior process of the calcaneus </li></ul><ul><li>Cuboid O. Subcutaneous bursa </li></ul>
  14. 14. Surface anatomy – foot <ul><li>Plantar fat pad </li></ul><ul><li>Calcaneal tuberosity </li></ul><ul><li>Achilles’ tendon </li></ul><ul><li>Soleus </li></ul><ul><li>Sural nerve </li></ul><ul><li>Medial malleolus </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral malleouls </li></ul>
  15. 15. Surface anatomy – foot A. Medial longitudinal arch B. Head of first metatarsal C. Calcaneal tuberosity D. Medial malleouls E. Navicular tuberosity F. Saphneous vein G. Posterior tibial tendon H. Flexor digitorum longus tendon I. Posterior tibial artery J. Typical site of stress fracture of medial malleouls K. Deltoid ligament
  16. 16. Bony Landmark Trails of the Knee
  17. 17. Bony Landmark Trails of the Knee
  18. 18. Bony Landmark Trails of the Knee
  19. 19. Bony Landmark Trails of the ankle and foot
  20. 20. Bony Landmark Trails of the ankle and foot
  21. 21. Bony Landmark Trails of the ankle and foot
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