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VEHICULAR ADHOC NETKWOK

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A Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network, or VANET is a technology that uses moving cars as nodes in a network.

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Transcript of "VEHICULAR ADHOC NETKWOK"

  1. 1. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Towards Secure Vehicular Clouds Durgesh Kumar Shukla 2010PTSW24 M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - V Sem November , 2012 Department of Computer Science and Engineering Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology AllahabadDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  2. 2. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References 1 VANET 2 Cloud computing 3 Vehicular cloud 4 Security in Vehicular Cloud 5 Conclusion 6 ReferencesDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  3. 3. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Smart vehicles Vehicles are becoming more sophisticated Powerful on-board computing capabilities Tons of on-board of storage Significant communication capabilities No power limitations Computations capabilities supported by Hosts of sensors and actuators On-board radar and GPSDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  4. 4. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References VANET Main characteristics Deliver timely information to drivers in a cost-effective manner Uses vehicles as network nodes Vehicles move at will relative to each other but within the constraints of the road infrastructure Communications Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) : zero-infrastructure Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I): roadside devicesDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  5. 5. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Cloud computing A paradigm shift suggested by: Low cost high-speed Internet Virtualization Advances in parallel and distributed databases Basic idea: Why buy when we can rent? Exactly what we need Exactly when we need it No upfront investment No maintenance costsDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  6. 6. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Cloud computing Cloud Services Software as a Service (SaaS) Customers rent software hosted by the vendor Platform as a Service (PaaS) Customers rent infrastructure and programming tools hosted by the vendor to create their own applications Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Customers rent processing, storage, networking and other fundamental computing resources for all purposesDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  7. 7. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Vehicular cloud Motivation Parking lot of a typical enterprise on a typical workday hundreds/thousands cars go unused for hours on end Why rent computational/storage resources elsewhere?Durgesh KumarWe have them in Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( our own backyard Secure Sem Towards
  8. 8. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Vehicular cloud Motivation Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Allocated by US Federal Communications Commission 75MHz of spectrum (5.850 to 5.925 GHz) Roadside infrastructures Inductive loop detectors Video cameras Acoustic tracking systems Microwave radar sensors Access pointDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  9. 9. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References VC Vehicular Cloud A group of vehicles whose corporate computing, sensing, communication and physical resources can be coordinated and dynamically allocated to authorized users VCs are different from the classic clouds Mobility Autonomy AgilityDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  10. 10. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References VC Vehicular Cloud Storage as a Service (SaaS) Computers in cars will have multiple terabytes of on-board storage Data center in mall/airport/parking lotDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  11. 11. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References VC Vehicular Cloud Network as a Service (NaaS) Most cars dont have internet connection Small relative speed between cars on the same direction: traditional MANETDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  12. 12. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References VC Vehicular Cloud Cooperation as a Service (CaaS) Drivers behind the wheels: suitable for human interaction tasks Weather? Road condition? Best restaurant around a specific place? Publish/subscribe mechanismDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  13. 13. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Application Of VC Application Traffic management Road condition sharing Accident alerts at intersections Intelligent parking management Safety critical applications Managed disaster evacuationDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  14. 14. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Security in Vehicular Cloud Security Attack and Threats Both Users and Attackers are equal Attack targets: Confidentiality, Integrity, Availability Examples: Narrow down the possible areas where the target users services are executing by mapping the topology of VC Launch multiple experimental accesses Request the services on the same VM where the target user is onDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  15. 15. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Security in Vehicular Cloud Possible Solutions Safety Messages Confidential Messages Digital signatures Data Isolation and Sanitization Location validationDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  16. 16. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Security in Vehicular Cloud Security and functional challenges Key management Trust management Location security DoS prevention Message aggregation and validationDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  17. 17. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References Conclusion The tradeoffs between security and performance will need to be explored Time delay management With joint efforts and close cooperation among different organizations such as law enforcement, government, auto-industry and academic can provide solid and feasible security and privacy solutions for the vehicular cloud computing.Durgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  18. 18. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References References [1]Gongjun Yan, Ding Wen, Stephan Olariu, and Michele C. Weigle ”Security Challenges in Vehicular Cloud Computing,” 2012 IEEE Transactions On Intelligent Transportation Systems [2] Gongjun Yan Indiana Univ., Kokomo, IN, USA Rawat, D.B. ; Bista, B.B. ” Towards Secure Vehicular Clouds,” 2012 Sixth International Conference on Complex, Intelligent and Software Intensive Systems (CISIS). [3] M. Abuelela and S. Olariu, ”Taking vanet to the clouds,” Proceedings of The 8th Interna- tional Conference on Advances in Mobile Computing and Multimedia MoMM 2010, pp. 810, 2010. [4] M. Eltoweissy, S. Olariu, and M. Younis, ” Towards autonomous vehicular clouds,” in Pro- ceedings of AdHocNets2010, Victoria, BC, Canada, August 2010.Durgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  19. 19. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References References [5] M. Eltoweissy, S. Olariu and M. Younis, ”Towards Vehicular Clouds”, Proc. AdHocNets, 2010, Victoria, BC, August 2010. [6] Fay Hui: A survey on the characterization of Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks routing solu- tions ECS 257 Winter 2005 [7]T. ElGamal, ”A public key cryptosystem and a signature scheme based on discrete loga- rithms,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 469472, 1985.Durgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem
  20. 20. Outline VANET Cloud computing Vehicular cloud Security in Vehicular Cloud Conclusion References THANK YOUDurgesh Kumar Shukla2010PTSW24M.Tech( Software Engineering -Part Time ) - VVehicular Clouds Towards Secure Sem

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