Collective security treaty organization

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Presentation on International Organization Course

Presentation on International Organization Course

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  • 1. Drug trafficking in Central Asia
  • 2. Is CSTO an “acting player” in the world’s security mechanism (in combatting drug trafficking)? Is there a need for this security organization in the region?
  • 3.  15th May 1992 as Collective Security Treaty in the framework of CIS  7th October 2002 - a sign of Charter in Tashkent founding the CSTO  6 Member states: Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Belarus, Armenia ( Former members: Azerbaijan - 1999, Georgia – 1999, Uzbekistan – 2012)  4th February 2009 – agreement on creation of Collective Rapid Reaction Force  2010 – CSTO peacekeeping forces were established
  • 4. Intergovernmental Military Organization “Principle of Collective Security”: aggression against one=aggression against all, the right to collective defense (Art.51 UN Charter), informing and confirming with UNSC The CSTO as a multifunctional organization (combination of two "baskets" in one):  counteraction to conventional external military threats (creation of a military alliance, merging of military infrastructures of six member countries)  counteraction to new threats (fight against drug trafficking, illegal migration, terrorism, etc.)
  • 5. DRUGS violence and crime, transformation to extremist and terrorist groups, bribery and corruption, threat to human security and political stabilization  More than 2 mln people in CA – users of cannabis  Russia – the second largest heroin market in the world, after West Europe 1,8 mln users = 1.6% of population (37% are prevalent to HIV; 3040 000 people are killed by drugs annually)
  • 6. “Kanal”(Channel) - Anti-narcotic strategy since 2003: 30.4 tons were seized, 12782 drug criminals, stopped several channels of supply to Europe from Asia in 2008  Engaged with anti-drug work of OSCE in 2009, financial support to train Afghan antidrug policemen at Domodedovo  “Kanal-Vostok” (Channel-East) - against drugs from Afghanistan and China  Joint anti-drug operation b/w CSTO and NATO: complex division of duties, for 2012-2013  + SCO, CARICC in operative investigation of their activities and sharing information - Finding more effective ways – alternative development?
  • 7.    Over 300 Afghan drug enforcement officers have already been trained in Russia over the past five years with support of US 2011 – US and Russia anti-drug cooperation: dozens of Russian and US drug agents seized about $110 million worth of drugs and weapons in Afghanistan Successful operation “Octopus”, fall 2011 along with Tajikistan and Afghanistan
  • 8.  CSTO vital for Central Asia!  “Active player”?! +/-  For more effective constructive cooperation  From consensus problem toward finding “common denominator” for joint actions, learning to reconcile their national interests at a new level