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Diabetes Diabetes Presentation Transcript

  • What is Diabetes?
    • Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin.
  • What is insulin?
    • Insulin is a type of hormone found in your body.
  • What is insulin used for?
    • Insulin is used to convert sugar and starches into energy needed for day to day life.
  • Is there more than one type of diabetes?
    • There are three major types of diabetes
    • Type 1 Diabetes
    • Type 2 Diabetes
    • Gestational Diabetes Mellitus otherwise known as GDM
  • 
    • Type 1 Diabetes is also known as Juvenile Diabetes
    What is Type 1 Diabetes?
  • Facts about type 1 Diabetes
  • Fact # 1
    • Type 1 Diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, however it is possible to be diagnosed in adults.
  • Fact # 2
    • Type 1 Diabetics must inject themselves with insulin several times daily
  • Fact # 3
    • Type 1 Diabetes is thought to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors.
  • Fact # 4
    • Type 1 Diabetes comes suddenly, usually under the age of 40 years old.
  • What are some signs of Type 1 Diabetes?
  • SIGNS:
    • Weight Loss
    • Excessive Thirst
    • Increase in appetite
    • Drowsiness/Laziness
    • Constantly having to go to the bathroom
    • Bad attitude/Moody
    • Sugar in Urine
    • Sudden unconsciousness
    • Breath with fruity odor
  • How many Americans are Living with Type 1 Diabetes?
    • Currently, there are about 3 million people living with Type 1 Diabetes in the United States.
  • About how many people are diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes a year?
      • More than 15,000 Children are diagnosed with Diabetes each year in the U.S. alone.
  • What are the complications of Type 1 Diabetes?
  • Heart Disease
    • Diabetes brings more of a risk for heart attack as well as stroke due to poor circulation throughout the body.
  • Kidney Disease
    • Diabetes can damage the kidneys, which may eventually lead to kidney failure, or may lead to the need for a kidney transplant.
  • Eye Complications
    • Diabetes causes sight trouble. People who have diabetes have a higher risk of becoming blind.
  • Nerve Damage
      • Nerve damage is one of the most common complications of Diabetes. This is when damage occurs to the nerves that run throughout your entire body.
  • Foot Complications
    • Nerve damage occurs in the feet because of poor circulation that is caused by Diabetes.
  • Gastro paresis
    • Gastro paresis is when the stomach takes too long to digest and empty the food from the stomach.
  • Skin Disorders
  • 
  • What is Type 2 Diabetes?
    • Type 2 Diabetes in the most common type Diabetes.
  • In the body of Type 2 Diabetics, the body either:
    • Does not produce insulin
    • B. Cells reject the insulin
  • Facts About Type 2 Diabetes
    • Type 2 Diabetes can occur in anyone
    • Some races (African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asians,) have a higher risk for Type 2 Diabetes
    • With Type 2 Diabetes, insulin that the body produces isn’t as efficient at moving sugar out of the blood as it should be, however, some sugar is still moved out of the blood.
  • What are some treatments for Diabetes?
  • For Type 1 Diabetes:
    •  .
  • For Type 2 Diabetes
    • Planning meals to control your blood sugar
    • Exercise
    • Lose Weight
  • What is Gestational Diabetes?
    • When women previously diagnosed with diabetes show high glucose levels in their blood during pregnancy.
  • Facts
    • Usually diagnosed during pregnancy
    • Affects 3-10 percent of pregnancies
    • Babies could possibly be too big (problems with delivery,) and low blood sugar in their bodies, are more at risk for Type 2 Diabetes later in their lives.
  • Treatment for Gestational Diabetes
    • Change in diet
    • Antibiotics/insulin
  • 
  • 
    • Dick Clark, producer of top award shows such as the Golden Globes and the American Music Awards, has Type 2 Diabetes .
    • Larry King, host of Larry King Live, has Type 2 Diabetes
    • Mary Tyler Moore has Type 1 Diabetes, and is chairman of the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF.)
    • Mick Fleetwood, in Fleetwood Mac.
    • Bret Michaels, Lead singer of Poison, was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes at age 6
    • Nick Jonas of the Jonas Brothers has Type 1 Diabetes
    • Aretha Franklin, known as the “Queen of Soul.”
    • Elvis Presley had Diabetes
  • Athletes with Diabetes
    • Ed Kranepool, former 1 st basemen for the New York Mets.
    • Ron Santo, played for the Chicago Cubs
    • Kendall Simmons has Type 2 Diabetes
    • David Wells