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How To Groom A Horse And Identify The



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  • most effective to groom after exercise since the pores are open but it is also necessary to groom before riding to prevent sores and chaffing.depending on where you keep the horse, they need different amounts of grooming-outdoor horses need less grooming than horses who are kept in stalls constantly
  • interesting fact-the name is said to come from those who brushed horses for nobles in order to “curry” favor with them
  • at Campbell-we use cross ties in the stalls
  • Do this step first to make sure the horse has all his shoes/is not lame
  • Good website to visit http://extension.missouri.edu/publications/DisplayPub.aspx?P=G2740, also http://www.thehorse.com/pdf/january2010/step-by-step.pdf, and http://horses.about.com/od/understandinghorses/a/understandhoof.htmnext to frog-collateral grooves
  • The tail is very fragile and may break easily when combed-picking out the tail is the better alternative
  • Image from http://hillsborough4h.ifas.ufl.edu/Event%20Websites/Horse%20Project%20Information.html


  • 1. By Lauren Ross and Mindy Thorpe
    How to Groom a Horse and Identify the Parts of the Hoof
  • 2. Besides keeping the horse clean and comfortable, grooming also
    • helps distribute the horse’s natural skin oil (sebum) over the coat (this helps repel water and prevent dry skin)
    • 3. improves circulation
    • 4. promotes healthy hair growth
    • 5. allows for a good way to examine the horse closely
    • 6. is good training in obedience and manners
    Why do we groom?
  • 7. Some Common Grooming Supplies
  • The Curry Comb
    • round brush made of rubber or plastic
    • 12. has small nubs on one side
    • 13. used in a circular motion to loosen large amounts of dirt and loose hair
    • 14. is never used on the face or legs!
  • The Dandy/Hard Brush
    • has stiff bristles which are often plastic and colorful
    • 15. used in short strokes following the direction of the hair to remove loose hair and dirt
    • 16. is not used on the face or legs
    • 17. be careful at the flank(the hair grows in another direction)
  • The Body/Soft Brush
    • has softer bristles which are normally black or natural colors
    • 18. used in smooth strokes following the direction of the hair to remove finer particles
    • 19. can be used anywhere on the body
  • The Mane and Tail Combs
    • come in a variety of shapes and sizes
    • 20. used to brush knots and tangled material out of the forelock, mane, and tail
    • 21. if the hair is tangled, it’s best to start at the bottom and work up (just like brushing your own hair)
  • The Hoofpick
    • has a short metal hook and possibly stiff bristles opposite
    • 22. hook used to clear out dirt and debris from hoof
    • 23. stiff brush used to remove dirt from the outer hoof
  • Step One: Confine Your Horse
    It is best to put your horse in cross ties. However, if none are available and you trust your horse, you may choose to just put them in a stall or use a slip-release knot(as shown).
  • 24. Step Two: Pick Out the Hoof
    Start standing beside the leg you want to pick up, facing the horse’s rear.
  • 25. Step Two: Pick Out the Hoof
    Put your shoulder against the horse’s shoulder to provide support while running your hand down his leg, starting at the knee.
  • 26. Step Two: Pick Out the Hoof
    When you reach the fetlock, squeeze lightly. The horse should then pick up his foot.
  • 27. Step Two: Pick Out the Hoof
    Hold the hoof in one hand while picking out the dirt and debris in the hoof with the other.
  • 28. Step Two: Pick Out the Hoof
    You should pick from heel to toe, making sure to avoid the frog.
  • 29. Structure of the Hoof
  • 30. A Clean Hoof!
  • 31. Step Three: Use Curry Comb
    In small, circular motions brush the horse all over the neck and body. You should see loose hair and dirt where you have brushed.
  • 32. Step Four: Use Dandy/Hard Brush
    In short strokes following the pattern of hair growth, brush loose hair and dirt from the neck and body.
  • 33. Step Five: Use Body/Soft Brush
    Following the direction of the hair, use smooth strokes to brush any remaining dirt from the coat. This is where your horse should really start to look glossy! Don’t forget you can now also brush the legs and face.
  • 34. Step Six: Comb Mane
    Brush the mane and forelock just like you would brush your own hair.
    If there are tangles, it is best to brush them out from the bottom and work up. If there are no tangles, you can brush with long, smooth strokes.
  • 35. Step Seven: Pick Out Tail
    When picking out the tail, it is important never to stand directly behind the horse. Instead, pull the tail to the side of the horse and use your fingers to gently remove foreign matter and untangle knots. It may be helpful to separate the tail into smaller sections and work each portion by itself.
  • 36. Step Eight: Clean with Rag
    Finish up by using a soft rag or sponge to clean around your horse’s eyes, nose, and dock. You may also choose to use another rag to go over your horse’s body and really get him to shine!
  • 37. References
    Copper, Marcia. Take Care of your Horse. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1974. Print.
    Harris, Susan. Grooming to Win. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1977. Print.
    May, Chris. The Horse Care Manual. London: Quarto Publishing plc, 1987. Print.