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Settlement Revision Hobart High 2008
 

Settlement Revision Hobart High 2008

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    Settlement Revision Hobart High 2008 Settlement Revision Hobart High 2008 Presentation Transcript

    • Settlement Revision 2008
    • Topics
      • Location of Settlements
      • Settlement Hierarchy & Land Use
      • Changing Patterns in Settlements
      • Declining Settlements
      • Growing Settlements
    • What is a settlement? Definitions
      • A settlement is a place where people live. Settlements come in lots of different sizes. A settlement may be as small as a single house in a remote area or as a large as a mega city (a city with over 10 million residents).
      • A settlement may be permanent or temporary . An example of a temporary settlement would be a refugee camp . However, a temporary settlement may become permanent over time. This has happened to many refugee camps that have been built in conflict zones.
      • The reasons why a settlement developed or was built can be thought of as its function . For example, the settlement of Southampton is a port.
    • Origins – why they are there!
      • http://www.s-cool.co.uk/topic_quicklearn.asp?loc=ql&topic_id=9&quicklearn_id=1&subject_id=20&ebt=133&ebn=&ebs=&ebl=&elc=4
    • Settlement Hierachy
    • Keywords
      • Define
        • Sphere of influence
        • Function
        • High order
        • Low order
        • Range
        • Page 86 revision guide
    • Land Use Models
    • Changes to Land Use
      • In many MEDCs people are moving out of urban areas and relocating on the edge of towns:  
      • The area where the countryside meets the city is called the rural-urban fringe . Housing developments in these areas are often called suburbs .
      • Environmentalists and environmental groups are concerned that as more and more people move to the rural-urban fringe, urban areas will spread into the countryside. This is called urban sprawl .
      • In the UK, green belts are used to protect areas of countryside from urban sprawl. A green belt is an area of green land around a large city where development is restricted.
      • Some people are moving out of the city altogether and relocating in rural areas. The movement of people from urban areas to the countryside is called counter-urbanisation .
      • As well as the movement of people out of urban areas, businesses and services have also moved
    • Questions
      • Land Use
        • What is the CBD
        • Why are land values high in a CBD
        • Why do terraced houses dominate many old inner city areas
        • Describe the characteristic land use features of the rural-urban fringe
      • Changing Land Use
    • Growing Cities
      • Jakarta, Indonesia (see Handout)
        • Capital of Indonesia, Pop 14 million
        • Growth due to Rural-Urban Migration
          • Land shortages in Country
          • Paid work in cities
          • City has contrasts Shanty towns & high Rises
        • Problems and Solutions