Settlement Revision Hobart High 2008
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Settlement Revision Hobart High 2008 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Settlement Revision 2008
  • 2. Topics
    • Location of Settlements
    • Settlement Hierarchy & Land Use
    • Changing Patterns in Settlements
    • Declining Settlements
    • Growing Settlements
  • 3. What is a settlement? Definitions
    • A settlement is a place where people live. Settlements come in lots of different sizes. A settlement may be as small as a single house in a remote area or as a large as a mega city (a city with over 10 million residents).
    • A settlement may be permanent or temporary . An example of a temporary settlement would be a refugee camp . However, a temporary settlement may become permanent over time. This has happened to many refugee camps that have been built in conflict zones.
    • The reasons why a settlement developed or was built can be thought of as its function . For example, the settlement of Southampton is a port.
  • 4. Origins – why they are there!
    • http://www.s-cool.co.uk/topic_quicklearn.asp?loc=ql&topic_id=9&quicklearn_id=1&subject_id=20&ebt=133&ebn=&ebs=&ebl=&elc=4
  • 5. Settlement Hierachy
  • 6. Keywords
    • Define
      • Sphere of influence
      • Function
      • High order
      • Low order
      • Range
      • Page 86 revision guide
  • 7. Land Use Models
  • 8. Changes to Land Use
    • In many MEDCs people are moving out of urban areas and relocating on the edge of towns:  
    • The area where the countryside meets the city is called the rural-urban fringe . Housing developments in these areas are often called suburbs .
    • Environmentalists and environmental groups are concerned that as more and more people move to the rural-urban fringe, urban areas will spread into the countryside. This is called urban sprawl .
    • In the UK, green belts are used to protect areas of countryside from urban sprawl. A green belt is an area of green land around a large city where development is restricted.
    • Some people are moving out of the city altogether and relocating in rural areas. The movement of people from urban areas to the countryside is called counter-urbanisation .
    • As well as the movement of people out of urban areas, businesses and services have also moved
  • 9. Questions
    • Land Use
      • What is the CBD
      • Why are land values high in a CBD
      • Why do terraced houses dominate many old inner city areas
      • Describe the characteristic land use features of the rural-urban fringe
    • Changing Land Use
  • 10. Growing Cities
    • Jakarta, Indonesia (see Handout)
      • Capital of Indonesia, Pop 14 million
      • Growth due to Rural-Urban Migration
        • Land shortages in Country
        • Paid work in cities
        • City has contrasts Shanty towns & high Rises
      • Problems and Solutions