0
 
<ul><li>Zebra mussels are a great threat to the Great Lakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Compete with fish for plankton </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>The soil, air, and surface where living things can grow </li></ul>
<ul><li>Organism Human being </li></ul><ul><li>Population Family </li></ul><ul><li>Community Town </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosys...
<ul><li>Large habitat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atlantic Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>J...
<ul><li>Living components of an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competing trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predators </li>...
<ul><li>Non-living components in an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunlight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul></ul...
 
<ul><li>Much more complex </li></ul><ul><li>Represent actuality </li></ul>
<ul><li>Any given environment can only support so many organisms </li></ul><ul><li>If a population reaches its max, organi...
<ul><li>Eventually the environment will no longer support any more individuals </li></ul><ul><li>The graph is in the shape...
<ul><li>The role an organism plays in an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Two organisms CANNOT occupy the same niche </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Homeo = Same, Stasis = State of activity </li></ul><ul><li>A “steady state” that an ecosystem is normally in befor...
<ul><li>Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Tornado </li></ul><ul><li>Volcano </li></ul><ul><li>Humans </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricanes </l...
<ul><li>Geographic areas with similar soil and climates </li></ul><ul><li>Have similar species adaptations </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Forests </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Rain Forests </li></ul><ul><li>Deciduous and Scrub Forests </li></ul><ul><li>Te...
<ul><li>Savanna </li></ul><ul><li>Temperate Grassland </li></ul><ul><li>Tundra </li></ul><ul><li>Desert </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Ice Cap </li></ul><ul><li>Freshwater </li></ul><ul><li>Marine </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Water Cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Precipitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Atmospheric CO 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Photosynthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Animals eat plants </li></ul><ul><li>Respirati...
<ul><li>Atmospheric N 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen Fixation </li></ul><ul><li>Plant uptake </li></ul><ul><li>Animals/Decom...
<ul><li>The change in plant and animal species over time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondar...
<ul><li>Only occurs on recently formed land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hawaiian Islands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ice Caps </l...
<ul><li>Occurs after a disturbance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volcano </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pi...
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Ecosystems-Chapter 6 Notes

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Transcript of "Ecosystems-Chapter 6 Notes"

  1. 2. <ul><li>Zebra mussels are a great threat to the Great Lakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Compete with fish for plankton </li></ul><ul><li>Clarify water, cause plants to grow </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>The soil, air, and surface where living things can grow </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Organism Human being </li></ul><ul><li>Population Family </li></ul><ul><li>Community Town </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem People and buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Biome State of PA/US </li></ul><ul><li>Biosphere World/Planet </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Large habitat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atlantic Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jungles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Small habitat – “microhabitat” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rotting Log </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large Intestine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Riffle, Run, or Pool in a Stream </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Living components of an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competing trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viruses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bacteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathogens </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Non-living components in an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunlight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Much more complex </li></ul><ul><li>Represent actuality </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Any given environment can only support so many organisms </li></ul><ul><li>If a population reaches its max, organisms will: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Die </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Eventually the environment will no longer support any more individuals </li></ul><ul><li>The graph is in the shape of an S: “S-Curve” </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>The role an organism plays in an ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Two organisms CANNOT occupy the same niche </li></ul><ul><li>If they did, they would compete for resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Die </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Homeo = Same, Stasis = State of activity </li></ul><ul><li>A “steady state” that an ecosystem is normally in before a disruption </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Tornado </li></ul><ul><li>Volcano </li></ul><ul><li>Humans </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricanes </li></ul><ul><li>Tsunami </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Geographic areas with similar soil and climates </li></ul><ul><li>Have similar species adaptations </li></ul><ul><li>Common plants and animals characteristic of those climates </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Forests </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Rain Forests </li></ul><ul><li>Deciduous and Scrub Forests </li></ul><ul><li>Temperate Deciduous </li></ul><ul><li>Temperate Coniferous </li></ul><ul><li>Boreal Forest </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>Savanna </li></ul><ul><li>Temperate Grassland </li></ul><ul><li>Tundra </li></ul><ul><li>Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Chaparral </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Ice Cap </li></ul><ul><li>Freshwater </li></ul><ul><li>Marine </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>The Water Cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Precipitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transpiration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condensation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run-off/Groundwater </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>Atmospheric CO 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Photosynthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Animals eat plants </li></ul><ul><li>Respiration </li></ul><ul><li>Plants form coal </li></ul><ul><li>Humans burn Fossil Fuels </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>Atmospheric N 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen Fixation </li></ul><ul><li>Plant uptake </li></ul><ul><li>Animals/Decomposition </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>The change in plant and animal species over time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>Only occurs on recently formed land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hawaiian Islands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ice Caps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plate Boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pioneer Species </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First species to establish themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climax Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The final stage of succession </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>Occurs after a disturbance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volcano </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pioneer Species </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First species to establish themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climax Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The final stage of succession </li></ul></ul>
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