Chapter 5 Notes: Pest Managment

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Chapter 5 Notes: Pest Managment

  1. 1. Chapter 5: Integrated Pest Management
  2. 2. 5.1 What is a Pest? <ul><li>Any organism that spreads disease, destroys property, competes with people for resources such as food, or is just a nuisance </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pesticides <ul><li>People typically will use pesticides, like: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insecticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbicides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nematicides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fungicides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rodenticides </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Integrated Pest Management <ul><li>IPM – an information-based approach to controlling pests </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why do we have a pest problem? <ul><li>98% of forests have been logged </li></ul><ul><li>Pest populations have been altered by humans </li></ul>
  6. 6. Forest Pests <ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tent Caterpillars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gypsy Moth Caterpillar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canadian Geese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mosquitoes </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Exotic Pests <ul><li>An insect or other organism that is not native to an area and is introduced </li></ul>
  8. 8. Exotic Pests <ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gypsy Moth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asian Long-horned Beetle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Starling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ladybugs </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 5.2 IPM in Practice <ul><li>Six Steps of IPM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify your pest and the damage properly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn the biology of your pest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey for pest population </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Six Steps of IPM <ul><li>Establish action threshold (tolerance level) </li></ul><ul><li>Select management tactics </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate results </li></ul>
  11. 11. Management Tactics <ul><li>What you can do about it! </li></ul><ul><li>Use the IPM Pyramid </li></ul>
  12. 12. IPM Pyramid <ul><li>First – Use Cultural/Physical Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-cropping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vacuuming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Screens </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. IPM Pyramid <ul><li>Second – Biological/Genetic Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biocontrol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parasitoids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic Engineering </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. IPM Pyramid <ul><li>Third – Biorational Pesticides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Spray </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rotenone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soaps </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. IPM Pyramid <ul><li>Last Resort! – Chemical Pesticides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Round up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insect sprays </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Larger areas are controlled by: <ul><li>EPA </li></ul><ul><li>USDA </li></ul><ul><li>Pike County Conservation District </li></ul>
  17. 17. 5.3 Effects on the Environment <ul><li>Positive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer Pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower Cost </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Effects on the Environment <ul><li>Negative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes to the local ecosystem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not eliminate all pests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes a lot of time </li></ul></ul>

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