Chapter 5 Notes: Pest Managment

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This Power Point was writting by Mrs. Kretschmer for chapter 5

This Power Point was writting by Mrs. Kretschmer for chapter 5

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  • 1. Chapter 5: Integrated Pest Management
  • 2. 5.1 What is a Pest?
    • Any organism that spreads disease, destroys property, competes with people for resources such as food, or is just a nuisance
  • 3. Pesticides
    • People typically will use pesticides, like:
      • Insecticides
      • Herbicides
      • Nematicides
      • Fungicides
      • Rodenticides
  • 4. Integrated Pest Management
    • IPM – an information-based approach to controlling pests
  • 5. Why do we have a pest problem?
    • 98% of forests have been logged
    • Pest populations have been altered by humans
  • 6. Forest Pests
    • Examples
      • Tent Caterpillars
      • Gypsy Moth Caterpillar
      • Canadian Geese
      • Mosquitoes
  • 7. Exotic Pests
    • An insect or other organism that is not native to an area and is introduced
  • 8. Exotic Pests
    • Examples
      • Gypsy Moth
      • Asian Long-horned Beetle
      • European Starling
      • Ladybugs
  • 9. 5.2 IPM in Practice
    • Six Steps of IPM
      • Identify your pest and the damage properly
      • Learn the biology of your pest
      • Survey for pest population
  • 10. Six Steps of IPM
    • Establish action threshold (tolerance level)
    • Select management tactics
    • Evaluate results
  • 11. Management Tactics
    • What you can do about it!
    • Use the IPM Pyramid
  • 12. IPM Pyramid
    • First – Use Cultural/Physical Methods
      • Multi-cropping
      • Vacuuming
      • Screens
  • 13. IPM Pyramid
    • Second – Biological/Genetic Methods
      • Biocontrol
      • Parasitoids
      • Genetic Engineering
  • 14. IPM Pyramid
    • Third – Biorational Pesticides
      • Water Spray
      • Rotenone
      • Soaps
  • 15. IPM Pyramid
    • Last Resort! – Chemical Pesticides
      • Round up
      • Insect sprays
  • 16. Larger areas are controlled by:
    • EPA
    • USDA
    • Pike County Conservation District
  • 17. 5.3 Effects on the Environment
    • Positive
      • Safer
      • Fewer Pesticides
      • Lower Cost
  • 18. Effects on the Environment
    • Negative
      • Changes to the local ecosystem
      • Does not eliminate all pests
      • Takes a lot of time