Chapter 4 Notes
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Chapter 4 Notes

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This power point was made by Mrs. Kretchmer for chapter 4.

This power point was made by Mrs. Kretchmer for chapter 4.

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    Chapter 4 Notes Chapter 4 Notes Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 4: Agriculture and Society
    • 4.1 Food Production
      • 1790 – 95% of people in the US were farmers
      • 2000 – 2% are farmers
    • Pennsylvania Farming
      • Leading producers of:
        • Milk
        • Eggs
        • Mushrooms
    • Today’s Farming Trends
      • From Small Farms
        • Families
      • To Large Farms
        • Corporations
    • Green Revolution
      • Modern farming methods
        • Irrigation
        • Equipment
        • Buildings
    • Green Revolution
      • Cheaper Food = Higher standard of living
      • Problems
        • Manure
        • Pollution
        • Pesticide Resistance
    • Developing Countries
      • Human Labor
      • Work Animals
      • Shifting Cultivation
    • 4.2 Food and Fiber
      • From Farm to Market
        • Production
        • Food Processing
        • Packaging
        • Transportation and Distribution
        • Wholesale
        • Markets
    • From Farm to Market
      • Marketing
      • Regulations
      • Research and Development
    • 10 USDA Farming Regions
      • Northeast
        • Mushrooms
        • Cranberries
      • Lake States
        • Dairy
      • Appalachian States
        • Tobacco
    • 10 USDA Farming Regions
      • Southeast
        • Citrus Crops
      • Delta States
        • Fishing
        • Sugar Cane
      • Corn Belt
        • Soybeans
        • Wheat
    • 10 USDA Farming Regions
      • Northern Plains
        • Grasses
        • Barley
      • Southern Plains
        • Cattle
    • 10 USDA Farming Regions
      • Mountain States
        • Potatoes
      • Pacific
        • Fruit
    • 4.3 Soil
      • Renewable resource
      • But it takes 1,000 years to make 1 inch
    • Soil Erosion
      • A major problem caused by
        • Wind
        • Runoff
        • Logging
    • Soil Conservation
      • It must be conserved to be reused
        • Conservation tillage
        • No-till cultivation
    • Farming Methods
      • Contour Farming
      • Strip Cropping
      • Terracing
    • Soil must be fertilized
      • Natural
        • Manure
        • Compost
        • Crop Rotation
      • Artificial
        • Miracle Grow
        • Nitrate and Phosphate enriched
    • Farms and People
      • People today have access to a lot!
        • Pineapples from Hawaii
      • US Farmers supply the world with food
      • The world grows enough food bus some countries can’t afford it
    • Food Safety
      • We must practice food safety
        • USDA
        • FDA
        • EPA
    • 4.4 Agriculture and Technology
      • Advances in the last 50 years have outdone the last 50,000
        • Cotton Gin
        • Steel Plow
        • Transcontinental Railroad
        • Tractor
    • Biotechnology
      • Changing the genetic makeup of plants
      • Allows scientists to improve crops artificially
      • We have been doing this for 10,000 years
    • Biotechnology
      • Problems
        • Expensive
        • Not sure of long term effects
      • Benefits
        • Wider ranges for plants to be productive
        • More crops and livestock