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Chapter 4:  Agriculture and Society
4.1  Food Production <ul><li>1790 – 95% of people in the US were farmers </li></ul><ul><li>2000 – 2% are farmers </li></ul>
Pennsylvania Farming <ul><li>Leading producers of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Milk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eggs </li></ul></...
Today’s Farming Trends <ul><li>From Small Farms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Families </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To Large Farms </li>...
Green Revolution <ul><li>Modern farming methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment </li...
Green Revolution <ul><li>Cheaper Food = Higher standard of living </li></ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manure ...
Developing Countries <ul><li>Human Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Work Animals </li></ul><ul><li>Shifting Cultivation </li></ul>
4.2  Food and Fiber <ul><li>From Farm to Market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food Processin...
From Farm to Market <ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Development </li></ul>
10 USDA Farming Regions <ul><li>Northeast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mushrooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cranberries </li></ul...
10 USDA Farming Regions <ul><li>Southeast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citrus Crops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delta States </li></ul...
10 USDA Farming Regions <ul><li>Northern Plains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barley </li></ul>...
10 USDA Farming Regions <ul><li>Mountain States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potatoes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pacific </li></ul><u...
4.3  Soil <ul><li>Renewable resource </li></ul><ul><li>But it takes 1,000 years to make 1 inch </li></ul>
Soil Erosion <ul><li>A major problem caused by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runoff </li></ul></ul...
Soil Conservation <ul><li>It must be conserved to be reused </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation tillage </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Farming Methods <ul><li>Contour Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Strip Cropping </li></ul><ul><li>Terracing </li></ul>
Soil must be fertilized <ul><li>Natural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compost </li></ul></ul><ul...
Farms and People <ul><li>People today have access to a lot! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pineapples from Hawaii </li></ul></ul><u...
Food Safety <ul><li>We must practice food safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USDA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FDA </li></ul></ul>...
4.4  Agriculture and Technology <ul><li>Advances in the last 50 years have outdone the last 50,000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C...
Biotechnology <ul><li>Changing the genetic makeup of plants </li></ul><ul><li>Allows scientists to improve crops artificia...
Biotechnology <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not sure of long term effects </...
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Chapter 4 Notes

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This power point was made by Mrs. Kretchmer for chapter 4.

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  1. 1. Chapter 4: Agriculture and Society
  2. 2. 4.1 Food Production <ul><li>1790 – 95% of people in the US were farmers </li></ul><ul><li>2000 – 2% are farmers </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pennsylvania Farming <ul><li>Leading producers of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Milk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eggs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mushrooms </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Today’s Farming Trends <ul><li>From Small Farms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Families </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To Large Farms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporations </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Green Revolution <ul><li>Modern farming methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buildings </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Green Revolution <ul><li>Cheaper Food = Higher standard of living </li></ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pesticide Resistance </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Developing Countries <ul><li>Human Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Work Animals </li></ul><ul><li>Shifting Cultivation </li></ul>
  8. 8. 4.2 Food and Fiber <ul><li>From Farm to Market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food Processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation and Distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wholesale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Markets </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. From Farm to Market <ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Development </li></ul>
  10. 10. 10 USDA Farming Regions <ul><li>Northeast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mushrooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cranberries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lake States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dairy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appalachian States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. 10 USDA Farming Regions <ul><li>Southeast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citrus Crops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delta States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar Cane </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corn Belt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soybeans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. 10 USDA Farming Regions <ul><li>Northern Plains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barley </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southern Plains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. 10 USDA Farming Regions <ul><li>Mountain States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potatoes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pacific </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fruit </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. 4.3 Soil <ul><li>Renewable resource </li></ul><ul><li>But it takes 1,000 years to make 1 inch </li></ul>
  15. 15. Soil Erosion <ul><li>A major problem caused by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runoff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logging </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Soil Conservation <ul><li>It must be conserved to be reused </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation tillage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No-till cultivation </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Farming Methods <ul><li>Contour Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Strip Cropping </li></ul><ul><li>Terracing </li></ul>
  18. 18. Soil must be fertilized <ul><li>Natural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Rotation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artificial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Miracle Grow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nitrate and Phosphate enriched </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Farms and People <ul><li>People today have access to a lot! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pineapples from Hawaii </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US Farmers supply the world with food </li></ul><ul><li>The world grows enough food bus some countries can’t afford it </li></ul>
  20. 20. Food Safety <ul><li>We must practice food safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USDA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FDA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. 4.4 Agriculture and Technology <ul><li>Advances in the last 50 years have outdone the last 50,000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton Gin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steel Plow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transcontinental Railroad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tractor </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Biotechnology <ul><li>Changing the genetic makeup of plants </li></ul><ul><li>Allows scientists to improve crops artificially </li></ul><ul><li>We have been doing this for 10,000 years </li></ul>
  23. 23. Biotechnology <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not sure of long term effects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wider ranges for plants to be productive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More crops and livestock </li></ul></ul>
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