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Chapter 4 Notes

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This power point was made by Mrs. Kretchmer for chapter 4.

This power point was made by Mrs. Kretchmer for chapter 4.

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 4: Agriculture and Society
  • 2. 4.1 Food Production
    • 1790 – 95% of people in the US were farmers
    • 2000 – 2% are farmers
  • 3. Pennsylvania Farming
    • Leading producers of:
      • Milk
      • Eggs
      • Mushrooms
  • 4. Today’s Farming Trends
    • From Small Farms
      • Families
    • To Large Farms
      • Corporations
  • 5. Green Revolution
    • Modern farming methods
      • Irrigation
      • Equipment
      • Buildings
  • 6. Green Revolution
    • Cheaper Food = Higher standard of living
    • Problems
      • Manure
      • Pollution
      • Pesticide Resistance
  • 7. Developing Countries
    • Human Labor
    • Work Animals
    • Shifting Cultivation
  • 8. 4.2 Food and Fiber
    • From Farm to Market
      • Production
      • Food Processing
      • Packaging
      • Transportation and Distribution
      • Wholesale
      • Markets
  • 9. From Farm to Market
    • Marketing
    • Regulations
    • Research and Development
  • 10. 10 USDA Farming Regions
    • Northeast
      • Mushrooms
      • Cranberries
    • Lake States
      • Dairy
    • Appalachian States
      • Tobacco
  • 11. 10 USDA Farming Regions
    • Southeast
      • Citrus Crops
    • Delta States
      • Fishing
      • Sugar Cane
    • Corn Belt
      • Soybeans
      • Wheat
  • 12. 10 USDA Farming Regions
    • Northern Plains
      • Grasses
      • Barley
    • Southern Plains
      • Cattle
  • 13. 10 USDA Farming Regions
    • Mountain States
      • Potatoes
    • Pacific
      • Fruit
  • 14. 4.3 Soil
    • Renewable resource
    • But it takes 1,000 years to make 1 inch
  • 15. Soil Erosion
    • A major problem caused by
      • Wind
      • Runoff
      • Logging
  • 16. Soil Conservation
    • It must be conserved to be reused
      • Conservation tillage
      • No-till cultivation
  • 17. Farming Methods
    • Contour Farming
    • Strip Cropping
    • Terracing
  • 18. Soil must be fertilized
    • Natural
      • Manure
      • Compost
      • Crop Rotation
    • Artificial
      • Miracle Grow
      • Nitrate and Phosphate enriched
  • 19. Farms and People
    • People today have access to a lot!
      • Pineapples from Hawaii
    • US Farmers supply the world with food
    • The world grows enough food bus some countries can’t afford it
  • 20. Food Safety
    • We must practice food safety
      • USDA
      • FDA
      • EPA
  • 21. 4.4 Agriculture and Technology
    • Advances in the last 50 years have outdone the last 50,000
      • Cotton Gin
      • Steel Plow
      • Transcontinental Railroad
      • Tractor
  • 22. Biotechnology
    • Changing the genetic makeup of plants
    • Allows scientists to improve crops artificially
    • We have been doing this for 10,000 years
  • 23. Biotechnology
    • Problems
      • Expensive
      • Not sure of long term effects
    • Benefits
      • Wider ranges for plants to be productive
      • More crops and livestock