2. "What's the cloud?"
"Where is the cloud?"
"Are we in the cloud now?!"
3. "What's the cloud?"
"Where is the cloud?"
"Are we in the cloud now?!"
4. Storing and Accessing
Data and Programs over
the Internet instead of
your computer's Hard
G cloud 3
6. Storage Devices
Block Storage Devices
Offer raw storage to the clients.
This raw storage can be partitioned to create volumes.
File Storage Devices
Offer storage to clients in form of files, maintaining it’s own
This storage is in the form of Network Attached Storage
7. Lower Cost
Easier to Manage
8. The Cloud Computing architecture comprises
of many cloud components, each of them are
loosely coupled. We can broadly divide the
cloud architecture into two parts:
Front End refers to the client part of cloud
computing system. It consists of interfaces and
applications that are required to access the cloud
computing platforms, e.g., Web Browser.
Back End refers to the cloud itself. It consists of all
the resources required to provide cloud computing
services. It comprises of huge data storage, virtual
machines, security mechanism, services,
deployment models, servers, etc.
10. Public Cloud
11. Public Cloud allows systems and services to
be easily accessible to general public, e.g.,
Google, Amazon, Microsoft offers cloud
services via Internet.
12. Private Cloud allows systems and services to
be accessible with in an organization. The
Private Cloud is operated only within a single
organization. However, It may be managed
internally or by third-party.
13. Hybrid Cloud is a mixture of public and
private cloud. Non-critical activities are
performed using public cloud while the
critical activities are performed using private
14. Community Cloud allows system and services
to be accessible by group of organizations. It
shares the infrastructure between several
organizations from a specific community. It
may be managed internally or by the third-
15. Software as a Service (Saas)
Platform as a service (PaaS)
Integration/infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
16. When an organization is
considering Cloud security
it should consider both the
differences and similarities
between these three
segments of Cloud Service
17. This particular model is focused on managing
access to applications.
For example, policy controls may dictate that a
sales person can only download particular
information from sales CRM
For example, they are only permitted to
download certain leads, within certain
geographies or during local office working hours.
In effect, the security officer needs to focus on
establishing controls regarding users' access to
18. The primary focus of this model is on protecting
data. This is especially important in the case of
storage as a service. An important element to
consider within PaaS is the ability to plan against
the possibility of an outage from a Cloud
The security operation needs to consider
providing for the ability to load balance across
providers to ensure fail over of services in the
event of an outage. Another key consideration
should be the ability to encrypt the data whilst
stored on a third-party platform and to be aware
of the regulatory issues that may apply to data
availability in different geographies
19. Within this model the focus is on managing
The CSOs (Chief Security Officers) priority is
to overlay a governance framework to enable
the organization to put controls in place
regarding how virtual machines are created
uncontrolled access and potential costly
20. Many Cloud services are accessed using
simple REST Web Services interfaces. These
are commonly called "APIs", since they are
similar in concept to the more heavyweight
C++ or Java APIs used by programmers,
though they are much easier to leverage from
a Web page or from a mobile phone, hence
their increasing ubiquity
Does not access private user data
21. CSOs focused on SaaS, PaaS and IaaS all the
On Demand self
24. Virtualization is a technique, which allows to share
single physical instance of an application or
resource among multiple organizations or tenants
(customers). It does so by assigning a logical name
to a physical resource and providing a pointer to
that physical resource when demanded
25. Service-Oriented Architecture helps to use
applications as a service for other
applications regardless the type of vendor,
product or technology.
26. Grid Computing refers to distributed computing in
which a group of computers from multiple
locations are connected with each other to achieve
common objective. These computer resources are
heterogeneous and geographically dispersed
27. Utility computing is based on Pay per Use
model. It offers computational resources on
demand as a metered service.
Cloud computing, grid computing, and
managed IT services are based on the
concept of Utility computing.
28. Although Cloud Computing is a great innovation
in the world of computing, there also exist
downsides of cloud computing.
It is the biggest concern about cloud computing.
Since data management and infrastructure
management in cloud is provided by third-party,
it is always a risk to handover the sensitive
information to such providers.
Although the cloud computing vendors ensure
more secure password protected accounts, any
sign of security breach would result in loss of
clients and businesses.
29. Security and Privacy of information is the
biggest challenge to cloud computing. Security
and privacy issues can be overcome by
employing encryption, security hardware and
RELIABILITY AND AVAILABILITY
30. It is very difficult for the customers to switch
from one Cloud Service Provider (CSP) to
another. It results in dependency on a
particular CSP for service.
This risk involves the failure of isolation
mechanism that separates storage, memory,
routing between the different tenants
31. Encryption helps to protect data from being
compromised. It protects data that is being
transferred as well as data stored in the
cloud. Although encryption helps to protect
data from any unauthorized access, it does
not prevent from data loss.
32. Data Security and Privacy Requirement
Type of cloud - public, private or hybrid
Data backup requirements
Dashboard and reporting requirements
Client access requirements
Data export requirements