Discovering Our Realities

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Critical Thinking - Chapter 5

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Discovering Our Realities

  1. 1. Discovering our realities<br />Melissa Corral<br />
  2. 2. What is Reality?<br />Everything that exists by science, philosophy, theology, or any other system of analyses whether it is:<br />Observable <br />Accessible<br />Understandable<br />
  3. 3. REALITY…….<br />It is not what is<br />“real,”<br />It’s what we think<br />Is real<br />
  4. 4. PERCEPTION<br />What do you see here?<br />
  5. 5. PERCEPTION PROCESS<br />
  6. 6. PERCEPTION PROCESS (CONT)<br /> Consists of three stages:<br />Selecting data from environment, which acts as a filtering mechanism .<br />Organizing and prioritizing the information and data that we have become aware of.<br />Interpreting the data<br />
  7. 7. SELECTING & SORTING FILTERS<br />Psychological conditions affect how we recognize incoming data.<br />Physical conditions can affect what data we recognize.<br />Language creates an organizational system that helps us understand messages from our environment<br />
  8. 8. SELECTING & SORTING FILTERS<br />Formal Learning shapes how we view our environment<br />Experiences are our first-hand informal learning activities<br />Expectations are perceptions that we expect to conform to what we already believe the actual event is.<br />
  9. 9. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE HOW WE INTERPRET DATA<br />Closure:<br />Making sense of the environment, even when only a limited amount of data is available.<br />Selective Perception:<br />Narrowing available cognitions to make an interpretation of the environment<br />Patterning:<br />Attempting to keep new or current perceptions in line with past ones.<br />
  10. 10. REALITY TESTING<br />Sharing and comparing realities with others:<br />Helps reduce distortions and differences among the many realities you have created.<br />Developing better listening skills:<br />Empathetic Listening – empathy as the basis for understanding the position of others.<br />Deliberative Listening – attempt to make a definite, deliberate attempt to hear information, analyze it, draw conclusions from it, and recall it at a later time.<br />
  11. 11. STASIS<br />We communicate to stay on stasis (at rest), and we desire to maintain that state.<br />Can be referred to as a person’s personal comfort zone.<br />Can be a positive or negative outlook concerning the world around us<br />

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