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원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)
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원고(12 04-10)-regional greengrowth(iclei-전대욱)

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  1. The Current Situations ofRegional/Local Green GrowthPolicies in Korea2012 ICLEI Global Forum on Sustainable Development“Successful Cases and A Search for the Future Strategy toward SD”April 10, 2012. / Jeju KAL HotelJEON, DAE UKPh.D. in Mgmt. Eng. / Research Fellow, Div of Local Development ResearchKorea Research Institute for Local Administration
  2. Regional/Local Green Growth in Korea Since 2008, LCGG (or GG: Low Carbon, Green Growth) forms one of the pillars of the national development strategy as a new paradigm of economic growth nationwide. “The 5-yr National Action Plan for LCGG,” containing the 3 main objectives and 10 policy directions, has been launched since 2009 toward positioning among the top 5 green-growth countries in the world in 2050. Each regional/local government has planed & implemented since 2009 its own policy actions for GG, following the national strategy. As a sub-plan of the national 5-yr action plan, each regional/local plan established with considering its characteristics and specific policy instruments appropriate to implement aggressively the national strategy at each regional/local level. In 2009 the “5-yr Provincial Action Plans” initiated in the all 16 provinces in Korea This study summarizes & discusses the current conditions of and policy actions in the 2010 annual plans of the 16 provinces to pursue LCGG. Data Source : 2011 Annual Evaluation Report on the Performance of the 16 Provincial Action Plans for GG by PCGG (Presidential Committee on Green Growth) & KRILA (Korea Research Inst. for Local Admin.)
  3. Regional/Local Action Plans for GG Basic Principles of LCGG Promotion Article 3, 10 of the FAGG (Framework Act on LCGG) & Art 5 of its ED (Enforcement Decree) Gov’nt has to promote a comprehensive national strategy to resolve problems of climate change, energy & resources, to expand engines of economic growth, to enhance enterprises’ competitiveness, to effectively utilize of national lands, and to develop a comfortable environment The 5-yr NAPGG (National Action Plans for GG) to be established and implemented with integrating the Central Offices’ plans for GG by PCGG Responsibilities of Local Govn’t (Article 5, 11, 12 of FAGG & Art 7, 9 of its ED) A Provincial/Metropolitan Governor to establish/implement/revise a 5-yr LAPGG (Local Action Plan for GG) following the NAPGG Also to review/evaluate the performance of LAPGG every yr, and to submit it to PCGG Final Review of the performance of the 16 LAPGGs & Feedback to the 16 Provincial/Metro Govn’ts by PCGG (Article 13 of FAGG) A Provincial/Metro Governor has to endeavor to reflect the opinions on policies presented by PCGG The final review and presentation of opinions first made by PCGG & KRILA in 2011 3
  4. Local/Regional Propellants for GG Propellant among Central Administrative Agencies (Article 14, 15 of FAGG) PCGG instituted to deliberate the national plans for GG and performance of the central offices, and to coordinate actions among them PCGG comprised of Prime Minister & relevant Ministers, private Specialists commissioned by the Presidents, etc. Legal plans subordinated or related to the national plans for GG Basic Plan for Coping with Climate Change (PMO, Art 40), Basic Plan for Energy (MKE, Art 41), Basic Plan for Sustainable Development (ME, Art 50), Countermeasures for Mitigating Impacts of Climate Change (ME, Art 48), Comprehensive National Land Plan, Urban/Rural County Master Plan, Balanced National Development Plan, etc (Art 51 of FAGG) Taskforces in provincial/metro governments (Art 20, 21 of FAGG and Art 15 of its ED) LCGG (Local Committee on GG) to deliberate on matters concerning its major policies and plans related to LCGG and the performance thereof Provincial/Metro Governor to designate of GGP (Green Growth Officer) to efficiently promote LCGG LCGG under the control of the provincial/metro governor is comprised of Administrative Deputy Governor, Head of an office/bureau in provincial/metro government, Specialists commissioned by the governor, etc. LCGGs and GGOs designated in the all 16 Provinces/Metropolitan Cities in 2009, and 244 local rules for GG established (incl. 196 Ordinances & 9 Regulations) in Korea until the end of 2011 (MOPAS)
  5. Glance at Local/Regional Policies #1 Key Features by the 3 main objectives and the 10 policy directions [Obj #1] Mitigation of Climate Change & Improvement of Energy Independence 10 Policy in the National Strategy Policy in the Local Action Cases of Excellent Cases of Cautious Directions (NAPGG) Plans Performance Application • Clean river restoring project • City-forest & Eco-friendly • Expansion of forest for Daesa River, Forrest walk1. Mitigation • Low carbon society river restoration biomass energy (Jeolbuk) road in Mt. Bomun (Daejeon) of GHG • Carbon absorbing & circulating • Carbon-point system • Project for municipal solid • Voluntary agreement for Emissions society • Green Action Campaign waste RDF & boiler (Busan) reduction of GHG emission (Chungbuk) • Wind power industry • Construct of low-energy • Abandoned metal • LED & New and renewable project (Jeolnam)2. Fossil Fuel cosumption & high efficiency recycling project(Seoul) energy implement • Ganghwa tidal energyReduction & society • Fuel cell electric power • Build low-carbon green power plant joint Energy • Enlargement of clean energy generation by methane gas towns development projectIndependenc supply from digester (Busan) • Bioenergy pilot projects (Incheon) y • Strengthen of oversea resource • Tower Solar thermal • Bio-diesel vehicles • Construction of biogas development ability power plants (Daegu) plants (Gyeonggi) • Conservation & manage • Build climate monitoring, 3. • Forest resource expansion Coastal wetland (Jeolnam) • Testbed of carbon recycling predicting, early response systemImprovemen • Education to reduce GHGs • Green IDC (Internet Data seawater farm (Jeolbuk) • Strengthen disaster t of • Green or local food Center) Construction • Building Saemangum wide management, national health careCapability to campaign (Incheon) area ecosystem network & food security under climate Adapt • Climate change monitoring • Climate change (Jeolbuk) change Climate and disaster response system monitoring about • Hydro-station construction • Sustainable water, ocean & Change •Support low-income citizens Baeckdudaegan ecosystem (Gyeongnam) forest management (Gangwon)
  6. Glance at Local/Regional Policies #2 [Obj #2] Creation of NGE (New Growth Engines) 10 Policy in the National Strategy Policy in the Local Action Cases of Excellent Cases of CautiousDirections (NAPGG) Plans Performance Application • Strategic investment & activating • Ocean bio-energy • Continuous search for core • ESCO (Energy Service international cooperation for GT production system 4. GT GT and support for R&D Companies) project (Ulsan) (Green Tech) infrastructure, R&D (Chungnam)Develop & • Installation of green cars, • Green social enterprise • Accelerating GT transfer & build- • Greening andCreation of green public offices (Chungnam) up industry strenghening green NGE •Establish new & renewable • Support & development of • Find new growth engines building competancy of local biz energy clusters 7 core GT (Gyeongbuk) GT industry (Gyeongbuk) • Build industry cluster based • Expand production base of • Building resource cycling economy on GT at each range sphere, • Build-up glass industry 5. env-friendly agriculture • Greening industry & its structure establish Tae-an energy by using coal muck in Nurturing • Greening local industries • Fostering green venture, small & overall exclusive industrial Samchuck (Gangwon) Green • Funds, CDM or other medium corps & knowledge-leading zone (Chungnam) • Greening major local Industry supports for green industry, green clusters •Build a 5GW wind power biz (Gyeongbuk) green start-up & venture biz industry cluster (Jeolnam) • RnD core components 6. • Enhancement of Env- in env-friendly green • Develop new growth harnessAdvanceme friendly robot tech and • R&D, commercialize ocean welding system cutting-edge fusion industry, higher nt of industry, medical facility and bio energy (Jeolbuk) (Jeolbuk) value -added service industry Industry service industry, etc. • Intelligent housing tech (Gyeongnam) • Activate strategic finance for GT & • Introduce carbon-point • Introduce public carbon industry, establish green finance 7. system, emission trading funds (Ulsan), green energy infra & carbon marketInstitutional scheme for public offices funds (Jeolnam), low-carbon • Introduce carbon • Env-friendly taxing & tax supportFoundation •Tax support to green fund (Gyeongbuk) finance system for green merchandise, industry for Green products, vehicles, buildings • Pilot project for public (Chungnam)) • Regulation reform of low-carbon Economy •Supply new & renew energy offices GHG emission society, promote energy welfare, to local welfare facility scheme (Gyeonggi) green jobs & green human capital
  7. Glance at Local/Regional Policies #3 [Obj #3] Improvement in QOL & enhancement of international standing 10 Policy in the National Policy in the Local Action Cases of Cautious Cases of Excellent PerformanceDirections Strategy (NAPGG) Plans Application • Greening city bus • Greening public bldgs (Gwangju) • Automatic bicycle rental garages (Daegu), Inner8. Creation • Establish of green land, • Change building design to system, construct bike roads city Green Walking Road of green localities, buildings & reduce energy (Gwangju) • Greening rooftops of public project (Daejeon) homeland transportation • Gwangkyo Bridges Wind Path offices • Eco-friendly building by & • Enhancement of ecological connected to green walkroad • Urban traffic optimization & using recycled aggregatetransportati conservation area (Gyeonggi) main road management and asphalt (Gyeonggi) on • Enlargement of bicycle use • "Green Home" projects by project, greening port systems • Saemanguem Wetland installing PV pannel (Gyeonggi) Park project (Jeolbuk) • Establish GG education & • Adopt carbon point system9. Bringing green citizen training at housing & transportation • Food Mileage Labeling • Change official vehicles green • Expand practice of green • "Green Start" campaign (Gyeonggi) to eco-friendly oensrevolution life, consumption and • Change LED lightning at • Private-leading Energy (Daejeon) into daily tourism public buildings and support Independence Village Project • Green Farming Town life • Low-carbon & green for privates (Jeolbuk) project (Gyeongbuk) village projects • Eco-mileage/drive campaign • Establish domestic and • Greening convention ceners, international cooperation solar-light power generation in • International co-operations network athletic facilities (Daegu) 10. toward global GG, • Governance systems incl. • Northeast New and RenewBecoming a positioning as role model of citizens, experts, etc. Energy Hub project (Jeolbuk) • International greenrole model GG in the world • Greening various • Saemanguem Int. Carbon Finance venture technology fare as a GG • Support low-income international events held in Center project (Jeolbuk) (Jeolbuk) leader regions/countries to localities • UNESCOs designation of south- introduce GG • Build a testbed for new and west coastal mud flat as a renew energy develop and biosphere conservation area practice (Jeolnam)
  8. Local Conditions toward GG #1 Present conditions by Province/Metropolitan : Population & GRP High-density Area : MCs (Metropolitan Cities) : Seoul Special MC, Busan MC, Daegu MC, Incheon MC, Gwangju MC, Daejeon MC, and Ulsan MC Gyeonggi Province : located and highly-populated in the Capital Region (surrounding the Seoul SMC), high- & low-density localities co-exist since this province is the widest Regions where per capita Production is relatively larger : Highly-populated areas (such as Seoul & the Capital Region) vs Highly-industrialized areas (such as Ulsan, the Province of Chungbuk, Chungnam, Gyeongbuk, and Gyeongnam)
  9. Local Conditions toward GG #2 Present Cond. : Production Structure Metro Type (Service-centric or service & manufacturing dominant) : Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Daejeon Industrial Complex Type (Manufacturing-centric or manufacturing & agriculture/fishery dominant) : Ulsan, Gyeonggi, Chungnam/buk, Gyeongnam/buk Ecological Sphere Type (Agriculture-centric or Agriculture/Fishery and Service dominant) : Gangwon, Jeju, Jeolnam/buk
  10. Local Conditions toward GG #3 Present Cond. : Energy Consumption [Metro] Housing, commercial use in Seoul, Daejeon; industrial, transportational use in Incheon, Busan [Ind Complex] Industrial, transportational in Ulsan, Chungnam, Gyeongbuk; transportational in Cungbuk, and Gyeongnam [Eco Sphere] Industrial, transportational in Jeolnam; Every kind of energy consumption in Gangwon is relatively higher (because of wide area, etc.)
  11. Local Conditions toward GG #4 Present Cond. : CO2 Emission [Metro] Large per capita emission in Busan, Daejeon; above the average in Seoul, Incheon; below the average in Daegu, Gwangju [Ind Complex] Large per capita emission in Ulsan; below the average in Gyeonggi, Chungnam/buk, Gyeongnam/buk [Eco Sphere] Every province in this type is around or near the average
  12. Local Conditions toward GG #5 Present Cond. : Production of & Investment in New & Renewable Energy [Metro] Fast-growing energy production in Daegu, Incheon, Seoul; but small production volume except Incheon (where the needs of energy independence is high because of many ocean areas and islands) [Ind Complex] Vigorous production as well as consumption of energy in Ulsan (where the largest industrial complex exists); outstanding production & investment in Chungbuk and Gyeongbuk; investment recently increasing in Chungnam; a little depressed in Gyeongnam [Eco Sphere] Production & Investment are all active in every province in this type; the largest production volume but recently investment inactive during 2006-2009 in Jeolnam
  13. Local Policy Actions for GG #1 Number of Local Actions by Province/Metropolitan (until the end of 2010)Metrocities Mitigation CC & Improv Creation of New Improv in QOL & Enhance Total/Provinces of Energy Independence Growth Engines International Standing Seoul 66 24 11 101 Busan 65 61 76 202 Daegu 29 32 56 117 Incheon 19 27 50 96 Gwangju 49 63 64 176 Daejeon 71 36 65 172 Ulsan 32 33 48 113Gyeonggi 44 44 42 130Gangwon 26 25 31 82Chungbuk 30 23 50 103Chungnam 37 46 47 130 Jeolbuk 63 65 52 180 Jeolnam 49 59 62 170Gyeongbuk 55 67 61 183Gyeongnam 78 56 72 206 Jeju 34 25 19 78 Total 747 686 806 2,239
  14. Local Policy Actions for GG #1 Actions by the 3 GG Objectives [Metro] Actions focusing on mitigating CC & improving EI in Seoul, Daejeon; on creating NGE in Gwangju, on improving QOL & local identity in Busan, Daegu, Incheon [Ind Complex] On mitigating CC & improving EI in Gyeongnam; on creating NGE in Gyeonggi, Chungnam, Gyeongbuk; on improving QOL & LI in Ulsan, Chungbuk [Eco Sphere] On mitigating CC & improv. EI in Jeju; on creating NGE in Jeolnam/buk, balanced actions in Gangwon
  15. Local Policy Actions for GG #2 Obj #1: Mitigating CC & Improving EI (Climate Change) (Energy Independence) [Metro] Focusing on improving CACC (Capability to Adapt Climate Change) in this type; also on reduci ng FF (Fossil Fuel) & enhancing EI (Energy Indepen dency) in Busan [Ind Complex] On reducing FF & CO2 emission, improving EI in this type; on improving CACC in Chungnam [Eco Sphere] On reducing FF & CO2 emission, improving EI in this type; on enhancing CACC in Chungnam
  16. Local Policy Actions for GG #3 Obj #2: Creating NGE (New Growth Engine) [Metro] Actions focusing on institutional foundation for GE (Green Economy) in Seoul, Busan, Gwangju; on developing GT (Green Tech) in Busan, Daegu, Incheon; on incubating GI (Green Industry) in Daegu, Daejeon [Ind Complex] Balanced actions in Chungnam, Gyeongbuk; focus on incubating GI in Gyeonggi, Gyeongnam; on developing GT in Ulsan, Chungbuk [Eco Sphere] On incubating GI in Gangwon, Jeolnam, Jeju; on developing GT in Jeolbuk; also on institutional foundation in Gangwon, Jeju
  17. Local Policy Actions for GG #4 Obj #3: Improving QOL & LI (Quality of Life) (Local Identity) [Metro] Focusing on GTS (Green Transport System) in this type; Also on GCT (Green Consumption & Tourism) in Incheon [Ind Complex] Focusing on GTS in Ulsan, Gyeonggi, Chungnam; on GCT in Chungnam, Gyeongnam/buk; on GN (Green Networking) in Ulsan, Chungbuk, Gyeongbuk [Eco Sphere] On GCT in Gangwon, Jeolnam, Jeju; on GN in Jeolnam/buk
  18. Summary & Discussion #1 Policy Conditions & Actions in the Metro Type Regions New & ③ Improv ① Mitigation CC Per capita Renewable ② Creation of in QOL & Energy (Climate Change) & CO2 Energy 3 Objectives New Growth Enhance Consumption Improv of EI (Energy Emission Production & Engines Inter. Indep.) Investment Standing Institutional GE GHT (Green Large in housing Recently active Improving capability Seoul Large Focus on ① (Green Econ) Homeland & & commercial investment to adapt CC Foundation Transport) Reducing Fos. Fuel & Developing GT Large in industrial enhancing EI Busan Very large Stagnant Focus on ③ (Green Tech) GHT & transport Improving capability Inst. GE Found. to adapt CCMetro Type Near or Below Increasing Developing GT Daegu Small Focus on ③ Reducing CO2 Emiss. GHT Average investment Incubating GI Large in industrial Large GCT (Green In- Improving capability & transport, large Large production & Focus on ③ Developing GT Consume & cheon to adapt CC use of fossil fuel investment Tourism) Gwang Improving capability Relatively large Small Stagnant Focus on ② Inst. GE Found. GHT -ju to adapt CC Dae- Large in housing Incubating GI Very large Stagnant Focus on ① Reducing CO2 Emiss. GHT jeon & commercial (Green Industy) In metro cities with vigorous commercial service, e.g. Seoul & Daejeon, policy actions needed as aggressive investment on New & Renew Energy and reduction of CO2 emission In cities with large ports, e.g. Busan & Incheon, GT development needed to reduce transport CO2 emission In cities with weak industrial bases, e.g. Daegu & Gwangju, low level of CO2 emissions but need to incubate new growth engines (manufacturing industry incubation for Daegu, service incubation for Gwangju)
  19. Summary & Discussion #2 Policy Conditions & Actions in the Industrial Complex Type Regions Per capita New & Renew ① Mitigation CC ② Creation ③ Improv in Energy 3 CO2 Energy Production & Improv of of New QOL & Local Consumption Objectives Emission & Investment Energy Indep. Growth Eng Identity Large in Largest production Reduce Fos. Fuel Focus on GCT Ulsan industrial & Very large as well as & enhance EI Develop GT ③ GN transport consumption Reducing CO2 Reducing CO2 GCT (GreenIndustrial Complex Type Gyeong- Different from Focus on Small Near Average Reduce Fos. Fuel Incubating GI Consume & gi Cities/Counties ② & enhance EI Tourism) Chung- Large in Active production & Focus on Reduce Fos. Fuel GN (Green Small Develop GT buk transport investment ③ & enhance EI Networking) GHT (Green Improving Chung- Large in ind. & Investment recently Focus on Homeland & Small capability to Balanced nam transport; large increasing ② Transport) adapt CC use of Fos. Fuel GCT Gyeong- & electricity Active production & Focus on Reduce Fos. Fuel GN Small Balanced buk investment ② & enhance EI GCT Gyeong- Large in Focus on Small A little depressed Reducing CO2 Incubating GI GCT nam transport ① In Ulsan with the largest industrial complex & energy production/consumption, actions needed to develop GT and to network corporations and experts toward implementing a cutting-edge industrial ecology In provinces with large consumption of energy especially in industry and transportation, e.g. Gyeonggi, Chungnam, Gyeongbuk, actions needed to develop GT & green industry to innovate industrial and transport systems to reduce energy use and CO2 emission Expansion of actions needed to reduce transport CO2 emission in Chungbuk and Gyeongnam; Also in Gyeongnam strongly needed to increase investment in New & Renewable energy
  20. Summary & Discussion #3 Policy Conditions & Actions in the Eco Sphere Type Regions New & ③ Improv in Per capita Renewable ① Mitigation CC ② Creation of Energy 3 QOL & CO2 Energy & Improv of New Growth Consumption Objectives Enhance Inter. Emission Production & Energy Indep. Engines Standing Investment Active GCT (Green Gang- Relatively large Near Incubating GI production & Balanced Reducing CO2 Consume & won (wide area, etc.) Average Inst. GE Found.Ecological Sphere Type investment Tourism) Jeol- large use of Near Active prod. & GN (Green Focus on ② Reducing CO2 Develop GT buk electricity Average investment Networking) Large in ind. & Largest prod. Reduce Fos. Fuel Jeol- transport; large Near nol. but lagged & enhance EI GCT Focus on ② Incubating GI nam use of Fos. Fuel Average investment Improve capability GN & electricity recently to adapt CC Near or Active prod. & Reduce Fos. Fuel Incubating GI Jeju Small Above Focus on ① GCT investment & enhance EI Inst. GE Found. Average Although in most of the provinces of this type with relatively-large consumption of energy, it looks desirable to act toward keeping low levels of per capita CO2 emission with vigorous production of and investment in New & Renew energy, as well as promoting sustainability with high-value creation by green tourism Actions focusing on creating new growth engines by incubating green industry in Gangwon, Jeolnam, Jeju; on strengthening core competency with aggressive RnD and networking in high-tech industry in Jeolbuk
  21. Conclusion Local policy actions for green growth are being differentiated reflecting local identity and characteristics, although some actions related to high-tech and cutting-edge business still seem to be far from reaching those goals. Various examples of locally-specific policy actions following the national GG plan, but many of local actions planned still focusing on developing technology and incubating industries Need to adopt more local actions to enlarge ecological restoration & biotope conservation, green buildings and new transport systems, which are sometimes more cost-effective and easy to reach the goal of sustainability Need to adopt more local actions to manage energy demand and facilitate incentive/support systems in parellel with active investment in New & Renewable Energy Various green tech RnD and business incubation actions related to the “Leading Industry Promotion” project (by MKE) in almost of the Province/Metropolitan Need to adopt a long-range view of policy resoluteness, to sustain continuous supports toward outcome creation in the remote future This study provides a recent trend of local policy actions for green growth in Korea with summarizing the Local Action Plans by the 16 Prov/Metro Gov’nt Next steps in 2012 to be performed based on more up-to-date and detailed planning & performance information so as to provide further analytical findings and practical suggestions.
  22. Thanks for Attention2012 ICLEI Global Forum on Sustainable Development“Successful Cases and A Search for the Future Strategy toward SD”Welcome questions and suggestions on this presentation.Email. dujeon@krila.re.krPhone. +82-2-3488-7375Mobile. +82-10-4310-8928

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