Barriers and Deficits with Implementing ESD
            An Analysis for Isolating Efficient Strategies to Cope with Global...
Behavior change is seen by many experts as more
                    important than technology in addressing climate change...
WHICH ARE THE MAIN BARRIERS FOR
 IMPLEMENTING ESD IN 2008 ? At the practice level

         TOO DEMANDING
                ...
4 Pillars:
                                                        Strategies to Cope with
          SOCIETY              ...
Survey            Europe   Asia             Africa       LA      NA         Oceania

Action Goals 09   65       23        ...
q) Engage the expertise available within the UN system to strengthen
                    ESD in key sustainable developmen...
Climate, 01.10.09                        EUROPE                42,3%

% respondents
                                      ...
Increase public awareness and understanding about sustainable development
and ESD, by mainstreaming and expanding the lear...
Politicians and the media should convince the public that ESD is the key to
                           cope with the negat...
28.09.09                 38,5
                110/33/13                        Develop and
% respondents
                 ...
Action Goal (c) of UNESCO’s Declaration for the Second
                                      Half of the DESD: Mobilize ad...
What is most urgent to solve at the policy level ?
                                    83 comments, 25.09.09


# That sust...
How to awake and strengthen public awareness on ESD?
                                              86 comments, 25.09.09
#...
Action Goals:                 Summary: SURVEY (big picture)
satisfactory international results                  STRATEGY  ...
Summary: SURVEY (to-do list)
 DEFICITS                                                                         WHAT TO DO?...
Which of the following outcomes of the COP-15 meeting in Copenhagen is most likely?
 The Sustainability Survey 2009 Report...
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Dieter Gross: Education and Climate Change, with Reference to UNESCO's Action Goals

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ESD and Climate Change are dependent on a mental change and action. UNESCO has adopted Action Goals for the Second Half of the Decade.The results of a Survey on these Goals
reveal drivers and barriers.

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Dieter Gross: Education and Climate Change, with Reference to UNESCO's Action Goals

  1. 1. Barriers and Deficits with Implementing ESD An Analysis for Isolating Efficient Strategies to Cope with Global Changes environmental economic cultural Conference on Education and Climate Change in The Danish Embassy 20 Nov. 2009 © dg-system: Dieter Gross (SFI), Berlin dieter.gross(at).t-online.de
  2. 2. Behavior change is seen by many experts as more important than technology in addressing climate change ESD 15 % Behavior change is 9% Technology is more much more important important What is the relative importance of technology versus behavior change in addressing climate change over the next five years? 7% 25 % Technology is slightly Behavior change is 45 % more important slightly more Both are equally important important: technology and behavior change Climate Change The Sustainability Survey 2009 Report on Climate Change, Global Expert Insight: 1.385 responses/ SustainAbility and GlobeScan
  3. 3. WHICH ARE THE MAIN BARRIERS FOR IMPLEMENTING ESD IN 2008 ? At the practice level TOO DEMANDING Main Deficits Governments have not 14,8 adapted their legislation TOO MUCH WORK and policy frameworks to 27,9 the needs of ESD There is no real LACK OF TIME rethinking of education itself, only social 32,8 aspects are added to EE LACK OF REGARDED AS MONEY IRRELEVANT 34,4 54,1 STAKEHOLDERS OF THE NO QUICK BENEFIT NATIONAL DECADE ‘lost in 36,1 space’ 37,7 Barriers and Deficits With Implementing ESD http://www.desd.sustain-future.org/int_jap_compilation_survey%20results_dg.pdf
  4. 4. 4 Pillars: Strategies to Cope with SOCIETY Global Changes by changing the mental mode and action attitude ENVIRONMENT ECONOMY integrative thinking – 1 in order to master What kind of complex challenges 4 economy? What kind of 2 global thinking environment? 3 Value orientation What kind of society? E E Competence in accepting responsibility DECISION-MAKING STRUCTURES Which Goals? Which are the Drivers? DANKE ! S
  5. 5. Survey Europe Asia Africa LA NA Oceania Action Goals 09 65 23 3 7 8 5 “It does seem that UNESCO reports keep saying much the same things, but don’t go after the reasons, and beyond 2014 the recommendations DESD near are often not implemented” future * + Action + a Goals at policy b 10% - 100% level Survey experts m g
  6. 6. q) Engage the expertise available within the UN system to strengthen ESD in key sustainable development conventions for example focussing on climate change 01.10.2009/ 110 respondents 30% 66% of respondents = this goal might be realized to 70% and more 25,6% 25% % of respondents 20,0% 20% 17,8% 15% 12,2% 10% 8,9% 8,9% 5% 2,2% 2,2% 2,2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% degree of realization in %
  7. 7. Climate, 01.10.09 EUROPE 42,3% % respondents all 33 APEC 110 13 30 Conference Media should support under- 25 standing of sustainability issues by increasing public awareness – contribution of media, how 20 much? biodiversity desertification 15 media and 10 climate change 5 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% to strengthen ESD by focussing on climate change
  8. 8. Increase public awareness and understanding about sustainable development and ESD, by mainstreaming and expanding the learning and insights gained in the first five years of the UN DESD into public awareness policies and programmes and various forms of informal learning.
  9. 9. Politicians and the media should convince the public that ESD is the key to cope with the negative consequences of globalization; Germany % respondents MEDIA; Survey: 01.10.09: 30 total 110 , Europe 33 , Japan 13 Unless all understand the concept no progress can be made and no others will follow with commitment ; Australia 25 25,8 Are the media the signposts and catalysts 23,8 to sustainability? 20 15 More engagement from the media, a fact largely overlooked ; Germany 10 5 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
  10. 10. 28.09.09 38,5 110/33/13 Develop and % respondents implement ESD through 30 The first Stock coordinated Exchange in policies that also Europe, 1309 involve business and 25 Bruges the corporate sector 20 15 “ESD should …become an integral part in the training of leaders in business and industry. The latter has been little 10 emphasized in the DESD so far” UNESCO, 2009 5 X 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
  11. 11. Action Goal (c) of UNESCO’s Declaration for the Second Half of the DESD: Mobilize adequate resources and funding in favour of ESD, in particular through integrating % respondents 30 into national development policy and budgetary frameworks; 01.10.09 All: 110 In most countries across the world, the availability of public budgets and/or economic 25 incentives is either non-existent or minimal at best … raising funds for ESD activities and projects is key to ensure the successful achievement of the DESD, UNESCO 2009 20 81,4% of respondents/ 50% and less Europe: 33 15 18,6% of respondents/ 60% and more 10 Japan 13 5 raise public awareness 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
  12. 12. What is most urgent to solve at the policy level ? 83 comments, 25.09.09 # That sustainable development is taken # orientation for policy makers, Philippines seriously at all levels, but particularly at the centers of political and economic power. If those sectors are refocused under a sustainability perspective, ESD won`t have an uphill battle anymore, Switzerland ESD The roadmap for the Second Half of the Decade
  13. 13. How to awake and strengthen public awareness on ESD? 86 comments, 25.09.09 # I don’t think UNESCO has had significant impact on # I am not sure public awareness is key. The things, at least as far as is apparent in headlines. history of Environmental Education shows Perhaps behind the scenes there have been that awareness does not necessarily lead to pressures usefully brought to bear, UK action. The deal is to practice sustainability on all levels, Switzerland # to integrate an environmental consciousness into all public media, New Zealand # intensive campaigning using mass media, India ESD Roadmap
  14. 14. Action Goals: Summary: SURVEY (big picture) satisfactory international results STRATEGY Action Goals: these are dependent on promotion and support because Drivers they will be realized to less than a half ****global syndromes: adequate resources strengthening ESD by focussing on e.g. climate change: 78% of respondents climate change think will be realized to 60% and more NGOs business and corporate sector scientific communities Youth at the national level ** *integrate ESD by involving NGOs and development partners integrate ESD/ curricula * * approaches that involve the business civil society, implement ESD scientific communities media media *Youth engage the commit- public awareness curricula /integrated and systemic ment, solidarity and potential of youth and policies their organisations and networks in gender equality enhancing ESD Booster public awareness policies training of business leaders refocussing by priority ranking EVALUATION OF UNESCO’s ACTION GOALS by 111 experts
  15. 15. Summary: SURVEY (to-do list) DEFICITS WHAT TO DO? The public has not been linked to the process of raise public awareness implementing ESD by making use of the media (after capacity-building) There is no real rethinking of education and form partnership with other stakeholders: especially at the Lack of political will and financial resources centers of economic power Specific Barriers training of administrators and no support by administration reformof teacher education towards ESD - focus on systemic thinking Current Addendum: UNESCO global report on ESD, 2009 l lack of human and financial resources difficulties in making linkages with ESD weak inter-sectoral collaboration lack lack of appropriate tools for ESD and difficulties in assessing ESD
  16. 16. Which of the following outcomes of the COP-15 meeting in Copenhagen is most likely? The Sustainability Survey 2009 Report on Climate Change, Global Expert Insight: 1.385 responses/ SustainAbility and GlobeScan COP-15 is not expected to result in a sufficiently stringent climate change agreement Thank you again There will be an agreement that will be sufficiently stringent to avoid major damages 5 no international 12 agreement 82 an agreement but it will not be sufficiently stringent ?

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